Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BANNOCK, BANNACK, Bannie, Banna, Banno, Bawnick, Bawnay, Binnick, Bonnock, n. [′bɑnək, ′bɑnk Sc.; ′bɑn Ork., Rxb., but n.Ork. ′bɪnɪk; ′bɑnə, bɑnɪ s.Sc.; ′bn em.Sc. + ′bnɪk; ′bɔnək wm.Sc.]

1. A round, flat, thickish cake of oatmeal, barley, pease or flour, baked on a girdle. Sc. 1895 J. Wood in Sc. Antiquary X. 76:
The goodwife was baking, and had a girdleful of bannocks on the fire.
Sh.(D) 1922 J. Inkster Mansie's Röd 14:
He's a moment noo sin' doo guid oot i' da moarnin' wi' a bit o' a flooer bannock. [Bannock is not used in Sh. for oatmeal cakes.]
Ork. 1913 J. Firth in Old-Lore Misc., Ork., Sh., etc. VI. 147:
In view of such a contingency he stuffed his pockets with aet bannos (oat cakes).
Ork. 1920 J. Firth Reminisc. Ork. Par. (1922) 36:
All food, with the exception of oat and bere bannocks, being speun mate (food to be partaken of by means of a spoon). Bannocks, pron[ounced] in N.Isles Binnicks.
Bnff. 1890 Trans. Bnffsh. Field Club (18 Dec.) 10:
Mutton, ham, cheese, broiled salmon, bannocks, and butter were produced promiscuously.
Ags. 1889 J. M. Barrie W. in Thrums viii.:
Her bannocks is so superior 'at a Tilliedrum woman took to her bed after tastin' them.
Per. 1799 J. Robertson Agric. in Perth 350:
Pease too are eaten in a similar shape, namely in thin, flaccid cakes, called bannocks, the ordinary bread of the gentry or lairds.
Fif. 1812 W. Tennant Anster Fair ii. xxxvii.:
And, at their broad and sturdy backs, are hung Great wallets cramm'd with cheese and bannocks, and cold tongue.
Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 115:
Shee's noa a bawnick oa yesturday'z baikin . . . (no chicken). [p. 228 bawnay.]
Gsw. 1924 J. H. Bone The Crystal Set (Gowans and Gray Repertory Plays) 11:
I'll tak the bannocks oot the oven.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Author's Earnest Cry and Prayer xx.:
Tell yon guid bluid o' auld Boconnock's, I'll be his debt twa mashlum bonnocks.
Kcb. 1894 S. R. Crockett Raiders xliv.:
He had a can o' the guid sweet milk an' a basketfu' o' bannocks.
Rxb. 1920 Kelso Chron. (17 Dec.):
Who ever heard of an Englishwoman who could knit stockings, bake bannies and make kail.
e.Dmf. 1915 D. J. Beattie Oor Gate-en' 26:
Instead o' the coorse “fadgie” an' the barley banna bein' predominant on the bakin'-board.

Comb.: sodden banno'. (See quot.) Rxb. 1825 Jam.2 (s.v. Fitless-cock):
Fitless cock [footless], a cake baked of lard and oat-meal, and boiled among broth; also denominated a sodden banno', usually made about Fastern's Een, or Shrovetide.

2. Obs. A small quantity of meal, of oats, barley or pease (enough to make a bannock), due to the servants of a mill by those grinding their corn in it or thirled thereto. Sc. 1909 Green's Encycl. Law Scot. II. 1:
Bannock (lit. a cake . . .) was a perquisite of the mill servant due by the thirle under the obligation of thirlage [q.v.].
Cai. 1697 A. W. Johnston Cai. Estate Rental in Old-Lore Misc., Ork., Sh., etc. (1920) VIII. 6:
Mair, he payes of fearme mill multer and bannack.
Dmf. 1912 J. and R. Hyslop Langholm as it was 549–550:
A bannock of barley, oats, or pease-meal, but usually of barley, was a perquisite of the servant of the baronial mill, due from the tenants under the obligation of thirlage. It was one of the sequels, which were not merely voluntary gratuities, but were due in virtue of the astriction of a tenant to a particular mill.

3. Something soft and round, resembling a bannock. Wgt. 1839 Stat. Acc.2 IV. 178:
I saw a ball of fat, or bannock of tallow, weighing 27 lbs., that was found in the moss.

[O.E. bannuc; Mid.Eng., 15th cent.; O.Sc. bannok, banak, bon(n)ok, 16th cent. Lat. panicium, panis, bread. Widely distributed in Eng. dial. Cf. Gael. bannach, bonnach, a cake, which are prob. from Sc.]

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"Bannock n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Dec 2021 <>



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