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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

BAITH, Baid, Bath, Beeth, Beath, pron., adj. and conj. Having the same meanings as St.Eng. both. Gen.Sc. [beθ Sc. but Cai. + biθ; biəθ s.Sc.; bed I.Sc.]

1. pron.Sc. 1721 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 50:
Wae's me, for baith I canna get.
Sc. 1832 A. Henderson Sc. Proverbs (1881) 23:
A father is a treasure, a brither is a comfort, but a friend is baith.
Sh.(D) 1931 J. J. H. Burgess in Sh. Almanac 185:
Twa men oot o' wir boat's crew wis geen ower ta da majority, an' I wis been best man ta baid o' dem.
Cai.(D) 1909 D. Houston 'E Silkie Man 3:
'Ey beeth steed 'ere a while.
Sth. 1996 Gordon Stewart in Timothy Neat The Summer Walkers: Travelling People and Pearl-Fishers in the Highlands of Scotland 103:
Noo whorday is drawin near
An I mun sune leave ye
I worked ye baith for mony a year
Tae pairt wi ye does grieve me.
em.Sc. 2000 James Robertson The Fanatic 101:
'Is it you, James Mitchel? Aye, come in. He is here. We are baith here, lamentin that puir broken laddie.'
Edb. 1795 H. MacNeill Scotland's Scaith xvii.:
Far frae hame, nae time for stoppin, Baith wish'd for their ain fire-side.
wm.Sc. 1985 Liz Lochhead Tartuffe 7:
You're no feart! You ken better than mention
The words "auld" and "lady" in the wan braith
She'd say: you're nae chicken either, you're baith
The wrang side o' forty, ...
Gsw. 1990 John and Willy Maley From the Calton to Catalonia 18:
It wiz ma that taen it, Jamie. Ah've planked it. We wur baith sick a listenin tae it. We know it aff by heart.

2. adj.Sc. 1896 R. L. Stevenson Weir of Hermiston viii.:
Haud your heart in baith your hands.
Abd. [1768] A. Ross Helenore (1866) 240:
And in a hint he claspt her hard and fast, With bath his gardies round about the waist.
Abd. 1991 David Ogston in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 118:
An shooder stuck an baith
My feet wis sleepin.
Abd. 1995 Flora Garry Collected Poems 19:
This hoose is yours, the gear, the folk
Ootside an in, baith but an ben.
Lth. [1811] G. Bruce Poems (1813) 19:
Guid frien', wad ye tak my advice, For baith ways I ken brawly.

3. conj.Sc. 1714 Ramsay Poems (S.T.S.) I. 15:
Eydent baith be Night and Day.
Sh. 1993 New Shetlander Sep 22:
"We need fish baeth for noo an for winter" she said.
Abd.(D) 1809 J. Skinner Amusements, etc. 63:
She never threaten'd scab nor rot, But keepit ay her ain jog-trot, Baith to the fauld and to the cot.
Fif. 1827 W. Tennant Papistry Storm'd 48:
At anes the balls baith up and under Begoud to rattle on like thunder.
Wgt. 1804 R. Couper Poems II. 68:
An aiken chair baith auld and frail.

4. Phrases: (1) baith the twa, both (Cai., Bnff., Abd., Ags., Edb., Gsw., Ayr., Rxb. 2000s); (2) the baith of, id.(1) Abd. :
... but bairns they hed nane, sin Elspeth wis barren an baith the twa o them wis weill up in years.
Gall.(D) 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 82:
An aul' wife yt keepit a familiar spirit in the shape o' a black Manx cat, or a black swine-pig, or baith the twa o' them.
s.Sc. 1873 Murray D.S.C.S. 175:
The faither an' sun war theare beath the tweae o' them.
(2) Slg.1 1932:
Come oot o' that, the baith of ye.
Edb. 2003:
Yer daft! The baith o ye!
wm.Sc. 1985 Liz Lochhead Tartuffe 26:
Again! Yiz'll be the daith o' me!
Don't be stupit! C'mere the baith o' ye.

5. Comb.: baithways, in both directions.Sc. 1924 J. Chalmers in Sc. Mag. (Nov.) 101:
Ye striddle owre a strae, An' Janus face, lookin' baithways, up an' doon brae.

[O.Sc. bathe, baith, O.N. bāther, bāthar. Cf. O.E. , Lat. ambo, Gr. αμφω, Ger. beide, Dan. baade.]

Baith pron., adj., conj.

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"Baith pron., adj., conj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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