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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.

BAGNET, BAIG(O)NET, Bagganet, Bagginet, Baggonet(t), Balgonet, Begnet, n. A bayonet. Also beganet (Ags. 1823 A. Balfour Foundling IV. ii.). [′bɑg(ə)nɛt, ′beg(ə)nɛt, bɛgnɛt + -ɪ̢t]Sc. 1714 Lady Grisell Baillie's House Bk. (1911) 28:
For 29 Guns and Bagginets. £18. 4. 1 4/12.
Sc. 1814 Scott Waverley xlii.:
And will the Colonel venture on the bagganets himsel?
Ork. 1854 D. Vedder Poems 205:
Let them rush on ta bagnets, an' slash at ta French.
Bnff. 1860 Bnffsh. Jnl. (25 Dec.) 2:
But a kittle bit rifle an' bagnet.
Abd. 1851 W. Anderson Rhymes, etc. 133:
The Man o' the Well saw the cowardly houn's, The Cromarty Rangers, use begnets an' guns.
Ags. 1816 G. Beattie John o' Arnha' 17:
[He'd] spar'd the English troops the trouble Of stickin' baignets i' the throats Of Highland hunger-bitten Scots.
Slg. 1714 Extracts Recs. Royal Burgh of Stirling (1889) 131:
The council . . . appoints the treasurer to buy three score baggonetts and ammunition.
Slg. 1715 Ib. 139:
For the use of the said burgh . . . ten firelocks, ten patrontashes, and ten balgonets with their scabbards.
Lth. [1811] G. Bruce Poems (1813) 76:
Awa' his gun an' begnet throws.
Hdg. 1908 J. Lumsden Doun i' th' Loudons, etc. 220:
“Mass'd bands!” battalions, airmies o' spikes, Baigonets gleaming, like wheat owre the dykes.
Arg. 1907 N. Munro Daft Days (1925) xix.:
“I gie'd him — I gie'd him the — the Baggonet!” cried the gardener.
Ayr. 1790 Burns Battle of Sherramuir (Cent. ed.) iii.:
When baig'nets o'erpower'd the targe, And thousands hasten'd to the charge.
Kcb. 1894 S. R. Crockett Raiders xxvii.:
What business has a woman to have eyes with three-cornered pupils that look at you like baggonets.
Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B. 46:
Baigonet, a bayonet.

[The ai forms are prob. due to contact with Eng. bayonet. Bayonet first appears in Cotgrave 1611 as bayonnette, a dagger, and is gen. supposed to be derived from Bayonne. If this deriv. is correct, then the g forms are difficult to account for. The Un. Eng. Dict. suggests that the Eng. dial. bag, v., to cut corn, hedges, etc., with its deriv. in bagging hook, may have influenced bayonet. This dial. word, however, according to E.D.D. is confined to the middle and south of Eng. and is unknown in the north of Eng. and Sc. The g form occurs (according to N.E.D.) first in Eng. in 1692 and in Sc. (according to D.O.S.T.) first in 1685. The g forms are widespread in Sc. and Eng. dial., also in Ireland and America. The Shorter Oxf. Eng. Dict. suggests that the word is a dim. of O.Fr. bayon, baion, shaft of a cross-bow.]

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"Bagnet n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Oct 2022 <>



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