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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1934 (SND Vol. I).

BACKAGRUF, BAKKAGROF, BACK O' GRØF, n. The face of peat at the bottom of a “peat-bank.” Hence also the peat pit. [′bɑkə-′grøf]Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.:
Backagruf, a ridge at the bottom of a “peat-bank” formed by the surface of the peat-moss, which is pared off and thrown on the bottom of the ditch before the peats are dug out.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Bakkagrof, bakkagrøf, peat-pit below the so-called “(peat-)bank” or ledge where the peats are cut; a hollow into which the uppermost turf of the peat-bank is thrown before the actual peat-cutting begins.
Sh.4 1932:
The pit is the groef, and back o' grøf is the face of peat.

[O.N. bakki, bank, ridge, and O.N. gróf, cogn. with O.E. græf, grave, and grōf, pa.t. of grafan, to dig; Ger. grab.]

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"Backagruf n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 27 Sep 2022 <>



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