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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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About this entry:
First published 1934 (SND Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

AFF-2, AF-, pref. of O.N. origin = off in meaning, found in many compounds in I.Sc. (and some in Cai.) [ɑf + af]

1. Af(f) bearin, ppl.adj. (See quot.) [′ɑf′beərɪn]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afberin, diverting, endeavouring to stop or to turn the subject of conversation.
Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:

2. Af(f) bend, v. (See quot.) [′ɑf′bɛnd]Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.:
Affbend, to remove the furniture from a peat-pony.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
To afbend a horse, to take off the pack of a pack-horse.
Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Afbend, to take the bends off a horse.
Sh.5 1931:
Aff-bend, to take harness (of any kind) off a horse; also, to take a horse from a cart.

3. Af(f)bidden, adj. (See quot.) [′ɑf′bɪ̢dɪn]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afbiddin, distasteful, of a repulsive appearance.
Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Afbiddin, having a forbidding appearance, having a threatening aspect.
Sh.4 1930:
He hid an affbidden wye.

4. Af(f)kled, v. To undress. [′ɑf′klɛd]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
To afkled anesell.
Sh.4 1931:
Affkled, naked.

5. Af(f)kom, n. Offspring. [′ɑfkɔm]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afkoms, offspring; descendants. (Barclay.)
Sh.4 1931:
The coo was an affkom o' stock fae Ayrshire.

6. Af(f)lay, n. Fluency of speech. [′ɑf′le]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
He has a great af-lay.
Sh.(D) 1918 T. Manson Hum. Peat Comm. I. 104:
Yon chap o yours is no a grit haand at da afflay.

7. Af(f)rinnens, n. (See quot.) [′ɑf′rɪnɪnz]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afrinnins, husks shaken from the corn after its drying.
Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Afrinnens, the heaviest part of the refuse of corn, which falls on the tail of the flakki [straw mat] when corn is being fljūget [winnowed].
Sh.5 1931:
Fig., as “Dis book is fu' o' affrinnens,” where the author has been deemed guilty of needless digression or prolixity.

8. Af(f)rug, afrog, n. (See quot.)Sh. 1866 Edm. Gl.:
“Affrug of the sea” — a spent wave receding from the shore.
Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Afrug, the reflux of a wave after it has struck the shore.

9. Affshot, n. (See quot.) [′ɑfʃɔt]Cai. 1911 John o' Groat Jnl. 10 Feb.:
A cross-tide that occurs off a headland.
Sh.4 1931:
The current which carries past a headland and does not follow the coast.

10. Af(f)skod, n. (See quot.) [′ɑfskʌd]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afskod, rebound of a wave.
Sh.4 1931:
Da affskod cairried 'im oot.

11. Af(f)suk, n. (See quot.) [′ɑfsuk]Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Afsuk, outward setting tide at the beginning of ebb.
Sh.4 1931.

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"Aff- prefix2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2024 <>



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