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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.

A, AH, AW, AA, A', I, 1st pers. pron. See also I[ɑ:, ɑɪ (both emphatic), ə (unstressed), Sc.]Sh. 1914 Angus Gl. 9:
I wid a dun it if A could.
Cai.(D) 1909 D. Houston 'E Silkie Man 3:
'Iss is 'e teel [tale] ‘'e silkie man' is A hed id oot o' Androo Corner's mooth.
Mry.(D) 1897 J. Mackinnon Braefoot Sketches 48:
A wis yawfu' liftit [uplifted] wi' yon man.
m.Sc. 1987 Andrew Cowan in Iain Crichton Smith Scottish Short Stories 1987 99:
Jamie began to laugh. 'Nae difference! News to me, that! First ah've heard of it!' He laughed harshly, staring at Bernadette. 'Eh, Bernie!'
m.Sc. 1994 Martin Bowman and Bill Findlay Forever Yours, Marie-Lou 4:
LEOPOLD Ach, jist forget it! Ah'll make it masel.
MARIE-LOUISE Ah kin make toast! Ah'm no a cripple!
m.Sc. 1997 Liz Niven Past Presents 18:
Excuse the aggression, A've aye been like this
An A didnae take that fae the wind.
A bit o the auld Pict in me yet eh?
A'll away an get ma rollers oot
A've a feeling in ma bones
That somethin's roon the corner
Or am A jist kiddin masel again?
wm.Sc. 1998 Alan Warner The Sopranos (1999) 12:
Aye, ah seen her in the Mantrap, she's really pretty ... says Fionnula.
Per.(D) 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 91:
Dhaat's dhe maan ut Aa saw.
Edb. 1895 J. Tweeddale Moff 208:
For efter a', a'll be the Leddy o' Preencod.
Gsw. 1993 Margaret Sinclair Soor Plooms and Candy Balls 1:
Mrs, needin' any messages, that was wan o' ma tricks.
Wean, could ye get me fags, ah forgot ah hidnae any, ...
Kcb. 1893 S. R. Crockett Stickit Minister xv. 164:
Aw was up at Allokirk the day, an' div ye ken what the craiturs war sayin'?
Uls. 1897 A. M'Ilroy When Lint was in the Bell ii. 22:
Boys, will ye learn? What can a' dae tae coax ye tae pay attention?

Phr.: A say dee, used as an emphatic affirmative, yes, indeed, gen. in sea taboo usage (Sh. 1975).

[O.E. ic; Goth., O.Sax., Du., ik; Ger. ich; O.N. ek; Norw. eg; Sw. jag; Dan. jeg; Lat. ego; Gr. εγω. In Barbour's Brus, the first purely Scottish literary work, ic, ik, i are all found. See Barbour's Brus i. l. 384, ii. l. 20, iii. l. 110, v. l. 411, xiv. l. 477. Later on the i form finally ousted the others in general use. The simple vowel i [ɪ] seems to have been lengthened under stress, and later on developed into a diphthong, as in Midland English, probably = [ɑɪ]; the second element was lost under lack of stress and a new form [ɑ] arose. This form again developed in two ways, the weak form became [ə] and a strong form arose under the influence of stress [ɑ:]. St.Eng. is no doubt one cause of the use of [ɑɪ] as a second strong form, but the [ɑɪ] is comparatively rare in living dialect speech, being reserved for very dignified or emphatic expression. Many writers obscure the fact of pronunciation by writing I in all circumstances for the 1st pers. pron.]

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"A pers. pron.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Oct 2022 <>



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