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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2000 (DOST Vol. VIII).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Sage, Sege, n.1 Also: saige, seige, seage. [ME sauge (a1310), salge (Gower), sawge (?c1390), late ME and e.m.E. sage (c1420), OF salje, saulje, sauge (11th c., 13th c. and 1320 in Larousse), L. salvia.]

1. Sage, the plant or herb.See also wode sege, s.v. Wode n. I 4 e. a1500 Henr. Practysis 29.
With sueit satlingis and sowrokis, the sop of the sege [: colleraige, luffage]
c1500 Makc. MS xiii 62.
Hec salgea, sage
a1568 Bann. MS 256b/12.
Gud aile and sege salbe my waige, away ligging alone
a1595 Misc. Spald. C. II xxxi.
For esking tak sege and stamp it with winager and eit the same
1600-1610 Melvill 431.
Yie, wha, lauching in your sleive, … maks this mater seage unto your drink
a1606 Dioscoridis Annot. 151.
[Saluia,] Anglice, saige, Scotiæ concessa
1636 Caldwell P. 91.
Tak three muschkeens of Malvosie, and ane handfull of red sage, & a handfull of rew, and boyll them till a mutchkeen be wasted
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. cxl (Bot.).
Saluia, saige
16.. McPherson Prim. Beliefs 248.
For the barne bed she gave the fever fuilyis, the red netill, seige and wabroun leaff
16.. Nat. Lib. MS 22.2.11.
Take … two drope of clows and some of the powder of sage [etc.]

b. attrib. and comb. 1606 Tailor's Acc. Bk. A 50.
To ȝour seage cullorit fustiane dowblet
1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 98.
Aucht elnes Inglis claith of saige cullour at iiij li. the elne

2. Wild sage, a name given to the plant ambrose or hindheal. 1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. xx (Adv.).
Ambrosiana, vyld sege, vild sage
Ib. xx (Bot.).
Ambrosiana, hyndhele or wildsaige

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"Sage n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Dec 2022 <>



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