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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Rid, Redd(e, adj. Also: ridd, ryd. [Late var., with vowel shortening, of Red(e adj.Rare until late in the 16th century.]

A. adj. 1. Red, or reddish, in colour. = Red(e adj. 1. Also transf. c1590 Fowler I 161/1.
This poysning pest, blak, rid, and paile
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xli 12.
Lilies … Als rid as the rone
1600-1610 Melvill 641.
This wes called the Rid Parliament … becaus all the nobillmen … satt thairin with rid gownes and hoodis
1652 Montgomery Mem. II 317.
A … rid stone set in gold
1662 Highland P. III 26.
A thing like ridd clay
1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 95.
[A French apple] rid thorow to the wery heart
1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII 356.
2 litle sticks one dyed rid
1696 Foulis Acc. Bk. 194.
The rid walk and gallerie
transf. c1590 Fowler I 215/1.
Heues rid and paile which litts bell[isaes face]

2. In certain common collocations. = Red(e adj. 2.As, of a fire, the sky, rubies. 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 119.
The marchands wifes … every one have their lame choffer ful of rid charcoal
a1598 Ferg. Prov. MS No. 385.
Evening rid & morning gray itis appearanc of a fair day
?1438 Alex. ii 7645.
Emeraudes and rid rubeis

3. Applied to certain varieties of things. = Red(e adj. 3. c1590 Fowler I 193/10.
The roses rid and lillyies quhyte
1603 Montgomery Mem. II 250.
For rid vaxe, ii s.

b. Of silver, or silver coin: ? Alloyed with a large percentage of copper or some other metal darker than silver. Cf. Red(e adj. 3 (8).Cf. blac silver ( Silver n. 6 d). 1586 Edinb. Test. XV 57.
Of redd syluer in auld stampit threttie s. pecis xij scoir

4. Of thread, cloth or a hide: Dyed red. b. Of a garment, etc., made of red cloth. = Red(e adj. 4. 1559 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I xci.
Rid velvet
1596 Dalr. I 94/4.
With threid of silke, cheiflie greine, or rid
1611 Stirling B. Rec. I 128.
Rid stemmyng
1622 Edinb. Test. LI 224b.
Ane rid heyd price fyve pundes
1640 Tailor's Acc. Bk. B 38.
Rid paidaway shairge
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII 215.
Twa bolt of rid loogit camell hair
b. 1589–90 Lanark B. Rec. 96.
Ane ryd wylle coit
1640 Black Bk. Taymouth 349.
Curtaines … with rid and blew silk fasses
1648 Linlithgow Palace 332.
Ane rid rwge
c1590 Fowler II 85/11.
For the obtening of the rid hatt to the Legat of Amboyse

5. Of substances used in dying or painting things red. = Red(e adj. 5. 1628 Misc. Maitl. C. III 372.
Fyne rid oyle cullour
1646 Edinb. Test. LXII 147.

6. Of the heraldic lion. 1596 Dalr. I 131/9.
For his armes he vsed the rid lyone

7. Of birds or animals. = Red(e adj. 7. c1500-50 Pleugh-Song in Tools and Tillage I iii 178.
The rid stot and the dinn
1596 Dalr. I 20/31.
Another kynde of senting dogs … is verie rid, with black spotis
Ib. 39/17.
Anothir foul … with ruch feit, with rid bries
1690 Foulis Acc. Bk. 129.
The rid kow

8. In surnames or to-names. = Red(e adj. 9 (2) and (3). 1294 Reg. Paisley 2012.
Robertum Reddehow
1642 Rothesay B. Rec. 956.
Rid Roberts scheip hous

9. Of a person's face. = Red(e adj. 10. ?1438 Alex. ii 3755.
Her visage … Vox ridder weill than rose on rys
Ib. 7869.
Clarus vox rid for shame

10. Characterised by blood or violence. = Red(e adj. 12 b. 1638 Baillie I 63.
A proclamation of redde warre among the clergy of that towne; bot the pley I thinke shall be shortly reedde
1655 Johnston Diary III 19.
The Public Resolutioners intending to … haive ridd warre agaynst us

11. In rid and vhyte, implying youth and freshness. = Red(e adj. 16. a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xi 41.
Hir deasie colour, rid and vhyte

12. Forming attrib. compounds, as with -gold and -skarlet. Cf. Red(e adj. 17. a1570-86 Maitl. F. 360/10.
As rid gold wyir schynit hir hair
1610 Hist. Kinloss A. xi.
Ane long couschyn of rid gold gamblet
1632 14th Rep. Hist. MSS App. iii 235.
Ane rid skarlet ryding cott

13. As a place-name element. Cf. Red(e adj. 19. 1348 Charter in Hay Vindication of Elizabeth More (1723) 58 n.
Willielmus de Dowglas … gives Jacobo de Sandylandis, … omnes terras del Sandylandis & del Rydnure, cum pertinentiis [etc.]
1475 Ayr Chart. 90.
Usque petarium nuncupatum Ridhalchis Mowse

B. absol. as noun. a. Red colour. = Red(e adj. B i. b. Red cloth. = Red(e adj. B 2.a. 1623 Edinb. Test. LII 95.
Ane pendice of greine & rid
b. c1590 Fowler I 314/58.
The ridd [sc. points] … Quhilk baldnes shawes
1687 New Mills Manuf. 150.
The dying of … whyte clooaths … into the best, brightest gingelein [pr. gingehein] rids

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"Rid adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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