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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

With, Wyt(h, prep. (conj.). Also: vith(e, uith, vyth, withe, wit, vit, wyd, witht, vitht, wytht, vytht, wuth(t, weith, woth, wath, wi. [ME and e.m.E. wið (c1175), wiþþ (Orm), with (1290), wit (Cursor M.), withe (14th c.), wyth (a1400), wyt (1413), OE wið, ON við.]Many examples represent MS abbreviations wt or wt.See separate verb entries for many further examples of verbal complementation.

A. prep.There is some overlap between the senses.

I. Denoting opposition, passing into motion towards, exchange, contiguity.

1. a. Following verbs of aggression, conflict, etc.: Against, in opposition to. Also with God as the instigator of contention. b. Following nouns of conflict, etc.a. 1375 Barb. xiv 196.
Quhen thai war armyt & purwayit … Thai went thaim furth in gud aray, Sone with thar fayis assemblyt thai
a1400 Leg. S. xxix 714.
He sped hyme fast & with thaim facht & mony sleu
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 2221.
Thai boith gan gong Richt hardely with the Troyens
c1420 Wynt. ii 225 (C).
Withe hym wrestlyt the angel
a1500 Lanc. 2607.
He … cownterit with esquyris
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 280.
No Frenche man in all that land With him durst battell, hand for hand
1596 Dalr. I 267/36 (see Join v. 6). 1635 Dickson Wr. 5.
Faith may speir why God contends with him
c1650 Spalding II 152.
Thir malcontentit lordis beginis to … invardlie gruge with oure King … and stryves to lay groundis for his overthrow
b. 1375 Barb. ii 192.
He wyst … He suld fynd full hard barganyng With him that wes off Ingland king
1375 Barb. vii 621 (C) (see Wit(e v. a 3).
1550 Treas. Acc. IX 428.
To Alexander Maknach … to his support efter his heirscheppis witht the Inglismen and thevis xx li.
a1578 Pitsc. I 78/25.
They dissembelit thair ire witht the Scottismen to ane mair convenient tyme
1598 Aberd. Council Lett. I 80.
We wil be very miscontent to see ony our special frendis enter in contradictione with you

2. Following verbs of defence, protection, caution, etc.: Against, in resistance to. 1375 Barb. i 520.
Thar is nother duk ne baroun … That euer may wauch hym with tresoune
1375 Barb. iii 714.
It wes gret cunnannes to kep Thar takill in-till sic a thrang And wyth sic wawis
a1400 Leg. S. xi 203.
For that thu suld mar vnwar be Vith thi fais, & that thai mycht Heithar our-cum thé in feycht
a1487 Gud Wyf & D. 95.
The lang acquyntans will nocht lest Vith fors of nature

3. Following verbs of separation introducing what the subject is being separated from.See Part v. 10, Quite v. 12 c., 14 d. and Twyn(n v. 2 d. for further examples.1685-8 Renwick Serm. 62 (see 14 a below).

4. For, in exchange for. 1442 (1444) Reg. Great S. 64/1.
The landis of … Pettendrech, the quhilkis war changeit with the landis of Dunottir
1531 Bell. Boece II 393.
King Robertis wife … wes interchangeit with ane duk of Ingland
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 165.
We might barter or niffer our lazie ease with a profitable cross

5. Of land, etc.: Alongside, adjacent to, bordering. See Join v. 7, March v.1 1, 2 for further examples. 1479–80 Acta Conc. I 47/1.
The castin of petis in a mosse merchand with the landis of Dalruskane
1489–90 Acta Aud. 146/1.
Thre akeris of land liand on the hip of Gaustoun mure contigue & liand with the said land of Richartoun
1538 Reg. Privy S. II 385/2.
Thre aikeris of land lyand contigue with the said Wismanhill
1597 Reg. Great S. 196/1.
Fra marchestane to marchstane north and northeist quhill it meit with the nedmest pairt of Langhill
1600 Reg. Great S. 384/1.
Sua west … quhill it cum to the merche that merches with the landis of Glengardin

6. With that. a. Thereupon, in consequence of that; at that moment; by that time. b. Besides, in addition to that.a. 1375 Barb. iii 619.
I rede … We kast our thing all in the se, And … We sall … speid ws sua That we sall weill eschaip thaim fra, With that thai sall mak duelling Apon the se to tak our thing
1375 Barb. v 354 (C).
Dicsone … Drew out his suerd, and … Ruschit emang thame to and fra, And ane othir forouten ma; Bot thai in hy war left lyand. Vith that [E. Quhill] Douglas com rycht at hand, That than enforsit on thame the cry
1375 Barb. xv 168 (C).
Syne … [The] myddis of the toune he tais, With that [E. Weill] neir cummand war his fais
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 598.
‘As God wil, sa mot it be.’ With that the cop in hand tuk he
?1438 Alex. ii 1261.
Said Cassamus ‘sa God me rede, Thow sall forthink, haue thow no dreid [etc.]’ … With that [F. a ce mot], he passit furth and him socht
c1420 Wynt. i 203.
A chyld … sayde, he sawe a dere; Wytht that the takyll wp he drewe
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1054.
‘This new-maid doctour off diuinitie … can tell ȝow … ' With that the lyoun and all the laif thay leuch
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 13.
I hard … Ane hie speiche at my hand … With that in haist to the hege so hard I inthrang That [etc.]
1513 Doug. viii Prol. 146.
‘Thy buke is bot brybry,’ said the bern than, ‘Bot I sal leir the lesson to lys all thi pane.’ With that he racht me a roll
a1540 Freiris Berw. 190 (B).
Evin with that [M. so] thay hard the gudman cry, and knokand at the ȝett he cryit fast
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 578.
He … said this bene bot chance of armes. With that, he braisit him in his armes, Sayand [etc.]
1567 G. Ball. 36.
My father is gracious Thairfoir till him I will me dres … With that he did his jornay tak Hame till his father
b. c1475 Wall. ix 43.
Semen he feyt, and gaiff thaim gudlye wage: Thai wantyt nocht off wyn, wittaill nor ger … With that thai war a gudly cumpany Off waillit men, had wrocht full hardely

7. With thi, provided that, on condition that, if. [With and thi instrumental case of OE se, séo, þæt > That. Cf. The adv.] 1375 Barb. i 493.
I sall be in ȝour helping With-thi ȝe giff me all the land That ȝe haiff now in-till ȝour hand
1375 Barb. ii 273.
Quhen folk ar weill arayit And for the bataill weill purwait, With-thi that thai all gud men be, Thai sall [etc.]
1375 Barb. vi 506 (C).
Micht he hym outhir sla or tak, He wald nocht pris his liff a stra, With-thi [E. Sa that] he vengeans on hym mycht ta
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 893.
He sad hyme, with-thi that he Wald lewe his sorcery, & be Gud Cristine man … Anentis God he suld hym wyne Forgiffines
?1438 Alex. ii 91.
I wald gif … Half that euer I wan him fra, With-thy I war of sic ane pryse As I haue hard of thy deuyse
c1420 Wynt. viii 5173.
He … sayd that he suld welle purchas Cumpany, and cum to that plas, Wytht thi [that] thai all assuryd ware, Qwhat evyr than fell at that justyng thare
a1500 Rauf C. 70.
I wait na worthie harberie heir neir hand, For to serue sic ane man as me think thé … With thy thow wald be payit of sic as thow fand, Forsuith thow suld be wel-cum to pas hame with me
a1500 Lanc. 960.
I grant yow leif, withthy Your name to me that ȝe wil specify
1482 Peebles B. Rec. I 192.
The drystar sall haf for ilk kyllfull tyll his seruice vj d. and his dynar with thy he mad gud seruice
1490 Irland Mir. III 82/35.
The … wertu of the medycinar or his syn … nouthir causis na lattis the heill of the seik persoune withy that the medycyn be gud … for the medycyn has the wertu in the self
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 973.
I … sal hir neuer displeis … With thy that she may preif that it was sho Thir nichts thrie with quhom I had ado

II. Denoting association, etc.

8. Of persons or animals: a. In the company of, along with, accompanied by (another). Also absol. Also followed by reflex. pron. by oneself, on one's, etc. own.(1) 1375 Barb. i 413.
Byschop Wylȝame off Lambyrtoun Raid thiddyr als and with him was This squyer James of Dowglas
1375 Barb. xvii 820 (see 9 f below). c1420 Wynt. ii 1424.
Plynyus [and] … Scolopetyus … Of yhung falowys thai gat thame wyth Ane lychthewyddyd company, And set thame hale wpone felony
a1500 Rauf C. 6, 7.
Empreouris and erlis … past vnto Paris … With mony prelatis and princis … All thay went with the King to his worthy wane
a1500 Colk. Sow i 163.
Hogy … With the halkit hoglyn
1567 Sat. P. iv 4.
Traisting with ane, attoure all eirdlie thing, Quha was the ruite quhair of I did spring, In honour to liue
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 105.
The saidis ambassaddouris … depairtit of Striueling … the Inglis ambassatour towart Perth and Sanctandrois, to be bankettit with the pryour thairof
1661 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 353.
He aboad with him the space of ten dayes helping him to mount ane covering loome
1706 Stirlings of Keir 523.
I prevailed with hem to stay with us till Sonday was bye
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiii 46.
The kyng … That tyme wes duelland in that ton Wytht mony men of renone & the quene … & thare douchtir
1604–5 Misc. Spald. C. V 77.
Spendit witht the Inglischemen in Marioun Cullenis … 3 lib. 6 s. 8 d.
(c) c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 109/30.
Welcum, therfor, abufe all livand leyd Withe us to live, and to maik recidence
(d) 1659 Carstairs Lett. 81.
He promised to get live from his mother to be wuthous this vakances
absol. 1679 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 284 (21 Feb.).
Alexander McGown … sworne wpon his great oath that the saidis John McKnishe took him allongst with at ellevin aclock a nicht to the house of the said Jonnet McKnish
(2) 1593 Edinb. Test. XXVI 96b.
Ane broun colt staig gangand with him self in the watter heid
1600 Crim. Trials II 235.
They hant … in all pairtis of this cuntrie, dispersing mony vntrew … rumouris aganis his hienes, practising be all meanis to foster and interteny his Maiesteis subiectis in the lyk wilfull errour and blindnes with thame selffis

b. In examples where one party in the relationship is in a position of superiority over another: Accompanied by (an army, etc.) under one's command; in the care or under the command or instruction of (another person).(1) 1375 Barb. i 409.
The king Eduuard with mekill prid Come to Strevillyne with gret mengȝe For till hald thar ane assemble
1375 Barb. iv 461 (C).
c1515 Asl. MS I 242/18.
The king … with the ost … herijt mony bath gentillmen & vtheris that war with him self
1531 Bell. Boece II 387.
King Edward send to all kingis … that wer alliat with him, to have support aganis the Scottis; promitting, eftir his victory, to devide Scotland amang thaim: and, thairfore … sindry othir infinite pepill come with him … specially thay that had bot small insicht at hame
a1578 Pitsc. I 153/17.
George Douglas Earle of Angus … was maid lewtennent be the quene and consall to pas witht the haill body of the realme in defence of the borderis
(2) a1400 Leg. S. v 396.
John … to a bischope hym [sc. the young man] betaucht, To trete hym wele fore all his maucht … He lefit hym with hym
1566 Inverness Rec. I 136.
Johne Brak … to … pay to George Gray the sowme of xl s. … wyth ane garment of claise to his son quha is lernand wyth the said George at the brebnar craft
1671 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 275, 275 marg.
Anent the ontaking of … militiamen … with any of the French captaines … to imped the militia souldiers to ingadge with the French captaine

c. specif.In the presence of (a person or persons) as a witness. 1536 Lennox Mun. 243.
In vitnes of the quhilk ather of the saidis parteis hes subscriuit this present vrit, before thir vitness, Jhone Smollet … Johne Mungumrye [etc.] … vytht other diuers
1553 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I 209.
The said contrak … subscrivit wyth Schir Jhone Alaine, notair publik

d. With it as object of the preposition: Along with ‘things’ in general, expressing a state of being overwhelmed by a situation, events, etc. Only proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 913.
It is aw upon yow and ye are upon the muckl midin with it

9. a. Having (an object) in one's possession, bringing, carrying, wearing. b. With one's life as the thing possessed. c. In the ownership or possession of (lands, etc.). d. Of an object, etc.: In the possession or care of (a person). Also followed by reflex. pron. e. Of a thing: Containing, having inside itself or as part of itself. f. With child, etc., pregnant.a. 1375 Barb. viii 48.
Thai saw in battaillyng cum arayit The waward with baner displayit
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 907.
All reddy samyne to ryde, With schelde and with spere
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 228.
Runsyis rynis away with cairt and quheilis … For rerd of thé and rattling of thy butis
1562 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 6.
All … blasphemaris of Goddis name to be putt in cukstulis, with ane crown of paper on thair heid, with ane circumscriptioun of their falt abowt the samin
1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 276.
She was conweytt be Bothwell and all his friends with sperris to Edynbrough castell
1595 Reg. Great S. 116/2.
Unum equestrem with jak knaipiska, speir and suord et ceteris necessariis
b. 1600-1610 Melvill 129.
Jhone Dury … was callit befor the king … at Dalkeithe; whar narowlie eschaping the duc his cookes (wha cam out of his kitching with speittes and grait knyves) with his lyff … he [etc.]
c. 1406 (1427) Reg. Great S. 17/2.
The said Jon … gyfand to me … out of tha landis yerly half a marc, quhyl we remane wyth the said landis
1482–3 Acta Aud. in Acta Conc. II cxiv.
The said Thomas sall remain with the said land and tenement
d. (1) 1402 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 9.
In the witnes of the qvhilk thing to the part of this indentour with the saide Katerine remanande the comovne seel of the chapter of the abbay … is to put
c1420 Wynt. i 732.
Thai wyll wyth thame that appyll bere To be thare mete in thare trawaylle
1513 Doug. i ix 131.
He bad hym bryng with hym the ceptre wand
1530–1 Treas. Acc. V 412.
For ij dosane of speris send to Striveling with Johne Bayn for the listis iiij li.
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 339.
He sall returne vpon his fute And leif with me his armour bricht
1558-66 Knox I 373.
So that with us thair did nocht remane the valour of a bawbie
1590 Crim. Trials I ii 197.
[She] tuik with her … rattoun poysoun to Ardmoir
1683 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XXXVIII 164.
The goods sent with Eduart Hodge which as yeit is never come to my hande
(2) 1583 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 269.
Thai sall … cheise the lyttis to the said maiestrats and office-men … to the provest twa lyttis with himself; to the four baillies [etc.]
1682 Dumfr. & Galloway Soc. XXXVIII 166.
To have bought some other goods to have brought over with my self in May
e. c1420 Wynt. ii 782.
Thare schyppys he fand thretty Wytht off Spaynalys a cumpany
1488 Treas. Acc. I 80.
A poik of canwes with demyis contenand aucht hundreth ane les
1515 Reg. Privy S. I 409/1.
Bringing his schip with merchandise to be sauld in the samyn [realme]
1535 Aberd. B. Rec. XV 638 (Jam. s.v. Malare).
It is nocht the vs nor consuetude within this burgh to ane malar to byg & reperall ony thing that is yerdfest or nalit fest with the hous
1562 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 6 (see a above). a1578 Pitsc. I 202/11.
They mist him, and gat pairt of his cofferis witht money and clething
1689 Acts XII 48/2.
He … saw … a hackney coach with two flamboes & 6 footmen
f. 1375 Barb. xvii 820.
Women with child and childer small
c1420 Wynt. i 1042.
Thai merys … baggyd gret wytht foyle
a1500 Henr. Annunc. 23, 24.
Mary … Wox in hir chaumer chaist with child, With Crist our Kyng that cround is
1491 Acta Aud. 148/1.
xxxij ȝowis with lamb
1504 Exch. R. XII 673.
iij ky with cauff
1597 Crim. Trials II 26.
[She] declarit to Gothirayis wyff, than being with barne, that it was a man chyld scho was with
1676 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 12 Jan.
Thrie kyn … on hes a follouer and two of them ar with calfe
1696 Cramond Kirk S. IV 24 April.
She had noe certain ground to thinke Jonet Linn was withchilde, for she never stayed in her company, only she looked to be witchilde

10. Introducing a characteristic, quality or attribute of a. An object. b. A landscape or view. Also ellipt. c. (Part of) a person or creature.a. 1375 Barb. xvii 616.
Gret fagaldis … thai maid Gyrdyt with irne bandis braid
1548 Aberd. B. Rec. I 260.
ij spaddis vith heidis, iij but heidis
1622 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 54.
A lite camp bed of aik with my father and motheris armes thairon
1661 Lamont Diary 139.
A new chemlay … of the newest fashion with long barrs of iyron before, with a high backe, all of iyron behinde
1683 Inv. in Donibristle Mun. (Earl of Moray's MSS) 8 (9-10 May).
Ane laigh green chair with armes
b. c1450-2 Howlat 5 (A).
With alkyn herbes … The feldis flurist
c1450-2 Howlat 18 (A).
The land lowne was and le with lyking and luf
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 28.
Doune throu a ryce a ryvir ran wyth stremys
ellipt. 1456 Hay II 128/24.
That tyme of faire suete glorious and fresche anournement that all the erde is enournyt with
c. 1375 Barb. i 386.
Off lymmys he wes weill maid With banys gret & schuldrys braid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 106/5.
My ladye with the mekle lippis
1513 Doug. vii vii 93 (Sm.).
Hir figoure sa grisly gret aboundis, Wyth glowand ene birnand of flawmis blak
1513 Doug. ix Prol. marg. (Ruddim.).
Vertue … has euer this rewill with hyr: do as thou wald be done to
a1568 Bann. MS 229a/35.
All fische with fyn

d. In an adverbial phrase describing how something is done or expressed, the emotions felt, etc. 1375 Barb. i 408.
The king Eduuard with mekill prid Come to Strevillyne with gret mengȝe
a1400 Leg. S. xxvii 930.
A dede cors [they] … lad … done befor his feite With lamentacion and greite
?1438 Alex. ii 2259.
Scho spekis baith with hart and will
c1420 Wynt. iv 1329.
Than Pyrrus flede Wytht mekyll schame attoure the se
c1409-1436 Kingis Q. § 174.
Bethinking me with sighing hert and sore, that [etc.]
c1475 Wall. x 364.
With gret inwy to Wallace fast he raid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 19.
For mirth of May, wyth skippis and wyth happis, The birdis sang upon the tender croppis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 277, 278.
I … with a bek gang about and bler his ald e And with a kyind contynance kys his crynd chekis
1513 Doug. xi xvii 54.
The moderis … Fra tyme Camylla kyllyt haue thai sene … With all debait stude on the wallys hee
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 318.
I sperit his name with reuerence
1558-66 Knox II 383.
Call to mynd by what meanes God exalted you; quhilk was neather by bearing with impietie, neather yitt by manteanyng of pestilent Papistis
(b) 1389 Wemyss Chart. 23.
The forsayde Doncane … frely and wyd gude wyl, has gyfyn and grawntyt [etc.]
(c) 1682 Murray Lyon Hist. Lodge Edinb. 29.
The dickin and mastares woth on consant dou impose … the sum of twall shiling Scotes

11. a. As part of a list or description: In addition to, along with. Also const. togiddir with. b. Expressing the rights, profits, etc. relating to the ownership of land, etc. c. With the mare (better), added to a quantity, etc. to indicate that the actual amount is more than that stated. See Mar(e n.3 4 for further examples.a. (1) 1375 Barb. vi 209.
The constable his way is gane & [nyne & fourty] with him tane Swa that he with thaim maid fyfty
c1420 Wynt. v 2252.
Thre ȝhere and monethis twa, And ful ellewyn dayis withe thai
a1500 Henr. Fab. 913.
All beistis in the eird … Befoir thair lord the lyoun thay appeird … The mertrik, with the cunning and the con [etc.]
c1475 Wall. iii 346.
God of battaill furius and wild, Mars, and Juno ay dois thair besynes … And Venus als the goddes of luff Wytht ald Saturn, his coursis till appruff
1513 Doug. v vii 69.
He hes … Twa kempys burdonys brocht … With al thar harnes and braseris
1530 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 43.
Girs furnest to the cart hors witht the abbotis medo
1560 Carte Northberwic 78.
Ane honest stand bed wytht scheittis and blankattis, bowstar and coveryng
1563–4 Inverness Rec. I 114.
That ewerie houshaldar … wyth thair famelie be inrollit in ane buike
1566 Inverness Rec. I 136 (see 8 b above). 1580–1 Reg. Privy C. III 364.
[He] hes maist wranguslie … spuilyeit … the haill graith and furnesing of the mylne of the said castell, with the brandirs, rackis, and spetis pertening thairto
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 308 (T).
The feveris, the totteris, with the spenȝie fleis
c1615 Chron. Kings 31.
The Brittonis … defeitt Dongardus … and slew fourteine thoussand Scottis with him selff
(b) 1552 Coll. St. Salvator 160.
Nyn siluer challeis … ane … wath ane patyn
1552 Coll. St. Salvator 160.
Thre siluer how pecis with ane flas peice of siluer beying in the prowest kepe and ane other siclik flas peice … and ane wath how peice that M. Peter had in kepe
(2) 1551 Reg. Cupar A. II 70.
Paying heirfor ȝeirlie … threttene pundys vsuall money of this realme … togydder wytht fowr bollys aitis
(b) 1557 Reg. Dunferm. 400.
To pay … ȝeirlie … twelf caponis to giddir wutht hariage careage … and tua ȝeiris mele at the intre of ylk air
b. c1379 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 1.
I sall gif hym my charter vndir my seyll wyth al clavse & al fredome pertenand to blancheferme of a peny
1400 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 7.
Wyth al profitis fredomys & esmentis … in playnis … in wateris … in pasturis with haukyn & huntyn with fyssyn & foulyn with pet & turf [etc.]
1418 Liber Melros 502.
All the fermys with all other profytis at langis or may lang in tyme to cvm till the said landis
1479 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 2.
The said Dauid resignit in the said balyeis hand erd and stane fra the yet est of the said land wytht fre ischay and entra to the halfyard
1587 Acts III 454/2.
Hes … speciale assignatioun of haill kirkis with fruitis thairof
(b) 1395 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 4.
Robert sal resyng vp al his rychtis of the landis of Cultyr … wyt al the fredomys that to the forsayd landis partenys
c. 1494 Acta Aud. 205/2.
That Alexander Abercrummy [etc.] … tuk fra him out of his maling of Kynnard vxx of ȝowis with the may
1501–2 Reg. Privy S. I 112/2.
The slauchter … committit apon suddante half a ȝere, with the mare, befor the date hereof
1515 Reg. Privy S. I 410/1.
The slauchter of … David Blare committit thre ȝeris syne with the mare
1600-1610 Melvill 56.
A man lernit and of verie guid accompt at that tyme, haid fear houss and yeards wherin an erle micht haiff dwelt, and a thowsand mark of rent, with the better

12. In the general culture of, in the estimation, opinion or understanding of (a person or group); in the circle or community of. b. With non-material object: In accordance with (an opinion, etc.). 1375 Barb. vii 89.
In Ingland with the king He had rycht gret price & lowing
c1420 Ratis R. 613.
Thar is na creatur levand Sa weill louit … With Hyme that maid ws al to bee, As is that madyne Cheritee
a1500 Rauf C. 532, 533.
‘I am knawin with the Quene,’ said Schir Rolland, ‘And with mony byrdis in hir bowre’
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 654.
To the court he come and tald this thing Vnto ane man was inward with the king
a1497, 15.. Gray MS vi 7.
With na kynrike thou beis kend Fra that thi cors be cled in clay
1535 Stewart 52801.
Quhen this mischance wes knawin with thame and kend
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9000.
Lodwik sa stude in greit kindnes With that ladie
1585 Misc. Bann. C. I 113.
I, … did sute at thair hands to bring him to thair favour, and my intercessioun avalit sa with thame that he was acceptit and admitted to his repentance
1596 Dalr. I 40/15.
Phinkis, of quhilkes in Ingland ar in gret numbir, with ws ar fewar
1622-6 Bisset II 234/23, 26.
The said vicount [sc. of Lyons] is haldin to keip vessellis in peax withtin his said ground to his poware, and that is his richt with the mynd of many sen the lordis of Brytan hes conquest the said vicount, and this be the twa nobilnes of the prince, and sen the said nobilnes wes haill with theme, hes willed that the Spanȝeardis and utheris then mak harbrie in his ground without [etc.]
?c1675 J. Gordon Hist. II 37.
He thinkes it uswall with them to perverte scripture, and miscyte actes of parliament
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. i xxi 2 (1678) 219.
The invading a person in his own house, with us is called hame-sucken
b. 1569–70 St. A. Kirk S. 331.
Beterage desyrit aggreance wytht avis of freindis and in spetial of hir brother
a1585 Maitl. Q. 114/41.
Maistres … Gif it be with ȝour lyking

13. a. Following nouns and, chiefly, verbs describing a shared experience, as, communication, interaction, association, etc., introducing the person, etc. with whom the activity is shared. See Join v. 4, 5, Part v. 3 a and Scat(t v. 3 a for further examples. b. specif.Introducing a participant in a shared marital or sexual relationship. See also Mary v. 4 and Mell v.1 6. c. To (be)get, have a child with (a woman).Quot. Henr. in a (2) may belong in 14 below.a. (1) 1375 Barb. xiv 9.
He send and had tretyng With [Irschery] off Irland
1400 Facs. Nat. MSS II liii.
Qwhare that I may haue spekyng with quhilk of thaim that yhe will send
1586 Cal. Sc. P. VIII 474.
Captain Hakerstoun's leat conference vithe thearle of Leicester
1586–7 Cal. Sc. P. IX 265.
To rander ȝowir lordship … thanks for the … cwrtesie it plesit ȝowir lordship to bestow on me at my first and last ranconter wit ȝowir honour
1614 Crim. Trials III 305.
Denyes that euer he hade conferrence or speatche with Robert anent the rebellioun
1661 Black Sc. Witches 46.
Shoe had never hir heart with God since
(2) 1375 Barb. v 544.
He gat witting tharoff … Throw wemen that he wyth wald play
c1420 Wynt. ii 1098.
The Gabaonytys Wes frendyt wytht the Israelytis
a1500 Henr. Bludy Serk 106.
The lady was wowd, bot scho said nay With men that wald hir wed
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 199/15.
Sum with his fallow rownis
1523–4 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 71.
Matho Huntar … in his depositioun concordis in all wytht Jhone Deiphop
1531 Bell. Boece II 387 (see 8 b above). 1549 Compl. 3/20.
Ȝe daly of ȝour gudnes induris as grit pane, as the queen Ysicrata indurit vitht hyr lorde Metredates
1562-3 Winȝet II 13/11.
Thai may be cuirit fra al infirmitie, and without al scrupulositie accumpaniit with the kirk of God
1570 Sat. P. xxi 76 (see 16 below). 1569-73 Bann. Memor. 132.
We ar joynd … in leig and amitie with France
a1578 Pitsc. II 130/32.
The bischope of Caitnes, the bischope of Murray [etc.] … witht money wther leirnitt men conwenitt at Sanctandrois
1584 Gowrie P. 26.
They advised his lordship to employ his creditt with some of his spetiall frendes in courte
1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 194.
I will neither borrow nor lend with it [sc. this world]
1645 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 44.
[Commissioners] to goe out and meit with the said Marques of Montroise
c1650 Red Bk. Grandtully II 144.
He understands the busines … , and wil be frie with yow: wherfor use his advyce
1655 Sc. N. & Q. 2 Ser. VI 43.
I desire you to cum and speack with me
1706 Stirlings of Keir 523 (see 8 a above).b. 1472–3 Swintons App. l.
Schir John vas bundyn in to me for the mariag of Thomas my sone wytht Margret his dochtir
a1500 Henr. Age & Yowth 37.
Of marriege to mell with mowis meit
1483 Acta Aud. 114*/1.
The said Archbalde was deliuerit to him to be mariit with his dochter
1533 Gau 63/23.
Quhen Dauid haid committit adultrie witht Bersibea Vrias vyff
1533 Gau 16/6.
Thay sine aganis this command [sc. adultery] that lys wit thair kine and bluid in greis
1556 St. A. Baxter Bks. 7.
Nor contrat maregis bot vyth newburris barnis of this cite of Santandrois
1678 Mackenzie Laws & C. II (1699) 236.
The said A. B. being married with his lawful spouse, … most shamefully, but fear of God … has given the use of his body to … his wifes sister
c. 14.. Acts I 28/2.
Gif ony man … gettis with hyr [sc. his wife] a knayff chylde or a maydyn
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun 28.
This Williame had bot tua sonnis wyth his wyf, and sevin dochteris
1590 Edinb. Test. XXI 193.
His eldest sonne begottin with his last wyff
1593 Misc. Maitl. C. I 56.
The barne gottin be him with the said Margaret Steyne to be baptiseit
1619 Colquhoun Chart. 241.
Ȝouir cowsen … has ane sone withe his ladie

14. a. Following verbs, etc. expressing an action or state of affairs, introducing the object of the action, etc.: Concerning, with respect to. Also ellipt.See Part v. 3 b and Scat(t v. 3 b for further examples. b. Following verbs, etc. expressing interference, introducing the object of the interference. See Intromit v. 1 and related nouns and Mell v.1 5 b for further examples.a. 1375 Barb. viii 122.
Thaim thocht … That thai suld les thar fayis dreid Sen thar purpos sa with thaim ȝeid
1375 Barb. xv 388.
Quhen thai saw he wes sa quhoyne Thocht thai suld with thaim sone haf don And assemblit full hardely
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 409.
Thir wismen, thai wait that all wiffis evill Ar kend with ther conditionis and knawin with the samin
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II 333.
I am to be chargit with the four grete goldin candilstikks
1563 St. A. Kirk S. 162.
Sche sperit at Barbara gyf the father wald grant wyth the barn
a1578 Pitsc. I 391/13.
Quhene the secretar [etc.] … hard thir wordis that the king was not contentit witht the inputing of the said Schir James in the castell they war sair affrayit to mell witht ane great man and [etc.]
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 182/6.
Except sum … suddaine rebellion uaire bleasid up, then indeid it is a laufull policie to beare uith that present fyrie confusion be faire generall speichis (keiping you als farre as ye can fra direct promeisis)
a1605 Montg. Misc. P. xviii 50.
Fra once hir company he vsit, He greu so goked with that gled
1608 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 129.
I hawe beine wrgit … to submitt with the McFarlanes my brothers slauchter, and all wther slauchteris, muirtheris, hairschippis, theiftis, reiffis and oppressiounis [etc.] … committit be thame against me
1660 Bk. Carlaverock II 147.
To … give him comission, who is frie with complying, mideling, or having office vnder the Inglish
1666 Laing MSS 349.
The leter Will Bruce broght from the king, Will Bruce tells me hee was forbid to aquent Lorn with it
1685-8 Renwick Serm. 62.
Quit with all things that include you with enemies, for God will be about with enemies, He will be even hands with them in that day when He appears to take vengeance on the enemies who have been these horns
(b) 1624 J. M. Beale Fife Schools 127.
You had as littell entres wi that business as he
(c) c1637 Innes Sketches 520.
I haue … four or fayf houndir of my auin planting, that is pratti treis, and deid dereckly weith them as ye set doune in your lettir
ellipt. c1460 Vert. Mess (STS) 39.
Sanct Louk sais that quhat persone hapnis to deces the day that thai here mes, thai sal be reput and done with … as thai had tane al the sacramentis of haly kirk that day
1530 Aberd. B. Rec. I xxxvi.
Quhilk writins and credence we haue considerit and avisit with
1595 Misc. Maitl. C. I 72.
The said brethrene recommendis the said Johnne to the said Schir Matthow, baillie foirsaid, to be tane ordour with
b. a1578 Pitsc. I 391/14 (see a above). 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 217.
He is homely with you, who cometh at His own hand to your house and intromitteth, as a friend, with anything that is yours

15. Following verbs of mixing or combining (substances) or connecting (material or non-material things) in some way.See Join v. 1, 2, Ming v., Mix v., Mixit p.p. and ppl. adj., Mixt v., Mixt p.p. and ppl. adj. for further examples. 1639 Rec. Kirk Scotl. 245.
A service booke … and if I be not mistane, the booke of cannons was joyned with it

16. For, in favour of, on the side of (a person or thing). b. To bewithe wrang, to be in the wrong. a1400 Leg. S. xviii 813.
God is vith thé, A-beoufe al wemen blist thou be
1438 Lennox Mun. 69.
It is acordyt, because off mar hartfull continuacion off frendchyp, that aythyr off thaim sall be wyth othyr in assistans, all caus, help and suple, lachfull and honest
1456 Hay II 99/22.
Be nocht irefull na injurious aganis thame, thouch thai speke quhilum with thé and othir quhilis aganis thé
1478 Acta Aud. 66/2.
Ilk baroun & freehaldare that … geve voce with the said dome
c1515 Asl. MS I 242/8.
Ane letter wnder Schir James of Douglas sele & the sele of the Erll of Ormond & Schir James Hammiltonnis declynand fra the king sayand that thai held nocht of him nor wald nocht hald with him
c1515 Asl. MS I 242/22 (see 8 b above). 1570 Sat. P. xxi 73.
Argyle and Boyde befoir war with ȝow, And promysit to byde And now thay tak on hand to gre ȝow With all the tother syde
1622-6 Bisset II 234/26 (see 12 above).b. 1662 Rothesay B. Rec. 72.
James Stewart and Robert McGilcheren being convenet befoir the saids judges and counsell for breaking the kinges peax and making mutinie efter tryall … but James Stewart being found maist withe wrang be hurting of the said Robert is unlawit in the soume of fyve punds money and Robert McGilcheren for his wrang in the soume of thrie punds money

III. Denoting instrumentality, causation or agency.

17. Indicating a person, animal, etc. as the agent of an action: By. Chiefly with passive verb. Also with the agent in transf. use. 1375 Barb. x 158.
Sa hard the contre stad … Gouernyt … with Inglis-men
a1400 Leg. S. xxviii 135.
Deuotely can scho pray … 'Tyne nocht my sawle with fellon men, Bot erare sic grace thu me lene That I ourcume may my fellon fa!'
c1420 Wynt. i 539 (see 18 below). c1420 Wynt. iv 750 (see Set v. 59 b). c1420 Wynt. v 4778.
This kerlyng gert this pape be drawyn A quhill wyth hors
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V ii 663 (5 Sept.).
This burgh sal be wachit ilke nyght with thretty men at the leeste
1456 Hay I 171/23.
Gude men that ar lufit with God
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2468.
With the volff weryit beis all my scheip
a1500 Lanc. 55.
Enweronyt and iclosit One sich o wys, that none within supposit Fore to be sen with ony vicht thare owt
1491–2 Acta Aud. 163/2.
For the wrangwis pastoring & etting of the girs … with his catell
c1515 Asl. MS I 167/12.
In the quhilk ryver [sc. the Ganges] is ane ile inhabit with ic thousand men
c1515 Asl. MS I 248/12.
The banis of Sanct Androwe … war resauit … with the king of Pictis
1513 Treas. Acc. IV 517.
The first culvering moiyane, drawin with viij oxin
1527 Acta Conc. MS XXXVIII 62.
Affix this table on the conselhous dur to be seyn with eviry man at cummis tharto
1531–2 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 104.
The quhilkis stabillis … beand mete with William Mayne wrycht … contenand x rudis
1576 Edinb. Test. IV 189.
His sone … to be sustenit with hir in meit & claith
1596 Dalr. I 3/27.
The Irische toung … is maist ancient, and with strange natiouns neuir corrupted
1690 Elgin Rec. I 349.
That … all strangeris … remow … wnder the payne of putting them furth of the toune with the martiall
a1700 Mare of Colinton 203.
[The mare was] With messan-dogs … chas'd and wounded
transf. 1513 Doug. iii ii 76.
The land … Inhabyt with a hundreth citeis gret

18. By means of, using (an object, etc.) as an instrument or means of doing something. Also ellipt.See Held(e v.2 1 and Man(n)ace v.1 2 c for further examples. b. With one's (awne, propir), the kingis hand(is, signed or written by oneself, the king. Also with my hand on the pen led be … , signed under the manual guidance of another. 1375 Barb. ii 35.
Brus … with a knyff Rycht in that sted hym [sc. Comyn] reft the lyff
1394 Liber Aberbr. II 43.
Quhillys the quer be thekyt and alurryt al abowyt with stane and quhen it is alurryt about with stane he sal dycht it abowt wytht lede suffyciandly
?1438 Alex. i 2437 (see Frusch v. 2 b). c1420 Wynt. i 538.
That … plas of paradys The quhilk is cerklyd wytht-out Wytht wallys of fyre beltyde abowt, And kepyde swa wytht cherubyn That lyvand man may nane get in
14.. Burgh Laws c. 39 (A).
All thir mesouris … sal be selyt with the standart of the burgh
1460 Hay Alex. 61.
Sum with mattokis begaine for to myne
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1682.
Phebus with his goldin bemis gent, Hes purfellit and payntit plesandly
a1500 Bk. Chess 561.
With his left hand the ladye couth he tak
1513 Doug. xi ii 71.
Now bludyand hys awyn breist with hys fystis
c1550 Lynd. Test. Meldrum 56.
Anoyt my corps with balme delicious, With cynamome, and spycis precious
1568–9 St. A. Kirk S. 315.
James Thomsoun … being somound wytht my lord superintendentis lettres
a1605 Montg. Sonn. xiii 2 (see 19 below). 1623 Perth Kirk S. MS 14 May.
The cure scho wseit wes onlye be wasching him with south running watter, smeiring him ower with swynis seame
ellipt. 1502 Halyb. 276.
Gyffyn the man … in Inglis grottis and other mony, and to by his brekis with, and spendyn in the Feir 9 s.
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 185.
Ane irne ladyll to melt leid with
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II 351.
For ane patill to patil the kirk with, vj s.
1625 Edinb. Test. LIII 185b.
Certane bolbies to kennill fyre with
b. 1458 Melville Chart. 41.
Virtin vit miyn naun hand
1473–4 Treas. Acc. I 65.
A precept subscriuit with the kingis hand
1480 Douglas Chart. 114.
Ioin of Auchlek of that ilk knycht vytht my auan hand
1482 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 35.
For the mair sickirnes … has … maid thair seilis be affixt to thir present indenture … and mairatour subscriuit wytht thair propir handis
1533 Boyd Fam. P. No. 9 (3 Jan.).
I Mungo Eklis of that ilk wytht my hand
1552 Conv. Burghs I 4.
Andro Douglas wyt my hand on the pen led be the notar undirwrittin
1620 Grant Chart. 217.
Befoir thir witnessis … A. Forbes, with my hand

19. By means of an action or activity, by the use of something non-material. See also Gluther v. for further examples.Some examples, esp. quot. Winȝet, may belong in sense 20. 1375 Barb. i 521.
Wes nocht all Troy with tresoune tane?
1398–9 Liber Melros 490.
I hafe purchacide with speciale request the seales of [etc.]
?1438 Alex. ii 6531.
Marciane … halsit thame full courtasly With ‘Venus’ and with ‘Diany’
c1420 Wynt. vii 99.
Hys lord mycht, wyth the lawe, Hym, as he wald, bathe hang and drawe
c1420 Liber Calchou 450.
Qwen it [sc. an illness] may be wel helpit with latyng of blud
1456 Hay I 110/29.
Ourcum malice with vertu of pacience
1492 Misc. Bann. C. II 128.
Secundus comparith the woman vnto a kokkatrys that invennomyt men with the sicht
1513 Doug. x vi 120.
Numytor furth of hys brotheris corps Ruggis the trunschon, and with all hys fors It swakkis at Ene
1562-3 Winȝet II 13/9.
With litle craft and diligence of a guid medicinar, thai may be cuirit fra al infirmitie
1596 Dalr. II 356/13 (see Ladin v. 4). a1605 Montg. Sonn. xiii 14.
As bright Apollo staineth euiry star With goldin rayis … Thou stanis my versis with thy staitly style
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 23b.
Except he [sc. a bondman] receaved his libertie, and was made frie with licence, gude will, and speciall command of the King

20. a. As a result of, in consequence or because of.There is some ambiguity with senses 18 and 19. 1375 Barb. xii 584.
Mony fell doune all dede, The greys woux with the blud all reid
14.. Burgh Laws c. 83 (B).
Gyf he be tane on the nycht wyth clamour he sal be haldyn [etc.]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 40/12.
He clappit fast, he kist, he chukkit As with the glaikkis he wer ourgane
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 193/14.
He that … is forfairn with the fleis of Spenȝie: He wirkis sorrow to him sell
1513 Doug. xiii Prol. 140.
Quhy schrynkis thou with my schort Cristyn wark?
1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. (SHS) 18.
My lord folloit in court Symond Brown & Jhon Veir for the fylin of his grund vith [MS vitht] violent blud
a1651 Calderwood I 77.
[He] was so troubled with his fearefull citatioun of him before God's tribunall, that he was distracted of his witt … and died within few dayes after … with a phrenesie
1684-9 Glamis Bk. Record 39.
These houses … were … consumed with fire, for in the loft they keeped hay where the fire was first keneled

b. With diminished force: On the occurrence or utterance of, concomitant with, at the same time as. See also Red(e)hand n. for further examples. 1375 Barb. v 604.
With thai wordis for-owtyn hone He tite the bow out off his hand
a1400 Leg. S. ix 89.
‘Wikit spryt, trawale hym no mare!’ & with that wourd, in that place thare, The seke wes heylit of his care
1456 Hay I 145/12.
Wage is gevin anerly for service gudely maid, or tobe maid gif it mycht be. And sen it may nocht be, the payment cessis with the impossibilitee of the service

c. Expressing the outcome or result of an event, etc. 1513 Doug. iii vi 150.
Gif with verite Phebus inspiris hys sprete [L. animum si veris implet Apollo]
1549 Compl. 38/28.
The depe … cauernis … ansuert vitht ane hie not, of that samyn sound as thay beystis hed blauen

21. With a natural phenomenon as the agent. a1400 Leg. S. xii 65.
The quene, To solace hyr, went to the se & that cofyne nere-by cane se With wawis castine to the land
c1420 Wynt. iv 356.
Quhare Jupitere wyth rayne hym wete God Phebus quhyle wytht sone hym het
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1709.
Syne cummis ver … Quhen columbie vp keikis throw the clay, Quhilk fleit wes befoir with froistes fell
1513 Doug. i vi 125.
We ar … now by fortoune to cost of Lybia Drevyn with tempest
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus i 38 (see Set v. 60). 1550 Knox III 62.
It is lyke that ye lack sum licour to refresche your tungis, being cruciat with drought and heat intollerabill
1613 Denmylne MSS in Highland P. III 127.
My tennentis … murthoured and sick of thame as eschaipit the sworde … wer killit with colde

22. With verbs of furnishing, adorning, scattering, providing, etc. Also ellipt.See Besprent p.t. and p.p. and Set v. 55, 56, 57, 58 for further examples. 1375 Barb. iv 456, 457.
James off Douglas And hys menȝe … War relewyt with armyng And with wittaill and clething
1488 Treas. Acc. I 82.
The grete cors of the chapell sett with precious stanis
1508 Reg. Privy S. I 270/1.
With power to him and thaim to occupy the sade landis with thare awn gudis, or to set thaim to tenentis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 40/9.
His bony berd wes kemd and croppit Bot all with kaill it wes bedroppit
1549 Compl. 88/35.
He furnest the empriour vitht sex thousand fut men, and tua hundretht lycht horse
a1578 Pitsc. I 273/17.
No man could say suirlie that it was hie because … he caussit ten to be clad in his leifray, clad witht his cott airmour
1610–11 Misc. Spald. C. V 85.
Propynit Mr. Robert Bruce … with succouris, sueitt meats, and spycerie
1680 Fountainhall Decis. I 101.
Sir William Sharp Keeper of the Signet demurring to sign a caption … against the Lady Cardross for exhibition of papers in her hands, because she was cloathed with a husband
ellipt. 1489 Treas. Acc. I 136.
For thre elne … of sattin to lyne the saim gowne with

B. conj.As long as, while, when. 1375 Barb. xvii 455 (C).
It wes nocht eyth till ta The toune with [E. quhill] sic defens wes maid [By thaim] that it in stering had

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