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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Top-annual, -annuell, n. [Top n.1 and Annual n. or adj.] An annual rent payable out of the rent of a building as distinct from the land it stands on (cf. Ground-annual(l n., Grund-annuall n.). — 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Annuell.
Top annuell is ane certaine dewtie given and disponed furth of onie bigged tenement, or land, of the quhilk tenement the propertie remains with the disponer & he is onelie oblished to pay the said annuell
1681 Stair Inst. ii v § 7.
Ground-annual is a distinct several annualrent, constitute upon the ground, before the house was built; and the top-annualrent is out of the house
1691 Retours I Inq. Spec. Fife (1315).
Cum lie ground et top annuals

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"Top-annual n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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