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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Thin(e, Thyn(e, adv. Also: thynn, theyn(e, thane. [ME þien (Manning), þein (14th c.), thyne (c1440), þeyn (c1450), also (fra) þeine forward (c1400), (fro) thyne furth (c1440), later appar. only Sc., reduced form of ME þeþen(n, ON þeðan.] = Thence adv.

1. = Thence adv. 1, from that place. Also const. furth.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 243.
The byschope bad hym than thine fle In the name of the Trinite
1391 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 379.
Certane lymyt meris betwix his land of Forbes [etc.] … fra the entryng of the burn [etc.] … Sua that theyn furth is the meris betwix
c1475 Wall. ii 318.
A woman … thaim besocht To purches leiff scho mycht thine with him fayr
(2) 1375 Barb. x 641.
Fra thine wp wes grewouser To clymb wp ne be-neth be fer
1388–9 MacRae Early Sc. Texts No. 2.
To the ester wele of Sanct Johnnis vnder the crag and fra thyne evin furth lynit to the hede of the estmest red heuch
c1420 Wynt. ii 857 heading (W).
How the kingis stane out of Irland Wes brocht first fra thin in Scotland
c1420 Wynt. viii 848.
Fra theyne [C. Fra thine, W. frathin]
1466 (1471) Reg. Great S. 215/1.
Estirly to the Harper akirhade and fra thynn to the burn well
a1500 Henr. Orph. 275 (Bann.).
Nocht far frome thyne he [sc. Orpheus] come vnto a flude
1485 Lag Chart. 54.
Quhill it cum to the burn underneith the westhing stane, and fra thinfurth the auld gang of the burn ay upwert
1498–9 Acta Conc. II 330.
Fra the north watter of Esk north in al partis fra thyne north
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Matth. xiv 13.
Jesus … went fra thyn [W., P. fro thennus] in a boot into a desert place beside
1528 Liber Aberbr. II 483.
And frathynfurth euyn west the loyn to ane othir well
1544 Acts II 451/2.
And frathyne send him agane to [etc.]
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1770.
Thay wer constranit … Frome thyne depart

b. Following an expression of distance: Distant; away. a1400 Leg. S. xxx 400.
Scho … cled hyre rycht as man scho ware & … of monkis til ane abbay Auchten myle thine held hir way

c. In poetic hyperbole, in the formula fra thine to (a distant place), as an expression of great distance. ?1438 Alex. ii 147.
For all the gould fra thine to France I wald nocht let to tak vengeance
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1313.
It makis me blythar to be than all thi braid landis, Or all the renttis fra thyne vnto Ronsiwall
1567 G. Ball. 61.
Christ … That sauit me, Nane culd me saif, from thyne till Ynde Bot onlie he

d. From a state, condition, course of action or behaviour. a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 11.
The vicis of ydilnes … foly [etc.] … gerris men ofte sic thing begyne That thai ma nocht fra thyne be brocht, Fra thai thare-in beset thare thocht

2. = Thence adv. 2, from that time. Also const. furth(wartis.(1) 1375 Barb. iii 353.
The king wmbethocht him off a thing That he fra thine on fute wald ga … And wald na hors-men with him haiff
a1400 Leg. S. xviii 886.
In this wastrone fra thine haf I Dwelt … Sene I come of the sad cite
c1420 Wynt. ii 632.
That tyme … Cycrope … In to Grece sone comyn was, Duelland fra thine in Athenas
c1420 Wynt. vii 1421.
That lordschype till hald ay Fra thine in herytabill fe
a1500 Seven S. 697.
He fed the child fra thin with beif
1612 Conv. Burghs II 375.
This impost to … begin the first day of September nixt … and fra thyn to stand and continow ey and quhill the said soum … be thankfullie payit
(2) 1375 Barb. xvii 722.
Fra thine furth durst nane tak on hand With schippis to preys thaim to the wall
1409 Exch. R. IV ccxi.
That this band … sal expire fra thyne [pr. thyme] furth
c1420 Ratis R. 956.
Fra thyne-furth lat hire-self hir leid
14.. Acts I 5/2.
Gif ony mysdoar … eschapis of the gallowys he sal be quyt as of that deid fra thin furth
1456 Peebles B. Rec. I 116.
Fra thin furth the said chaplan … sal be balye tyl hym self
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 106/19.
Quhai for hir saek … Preiffis maest mychttelye in the feld … fra thyne furth hir luff sall weld
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Heb. x 13.
Bot this man … for euirmare sittis in the rychthalf of God the fader, Fra thinfurth [P. fro thennus forth] abidand
1558-66 Knox I 378.
The said Congregation … shall in no wayis from thynefurth use ony force or violence, in casting down of kirkis
1602 Reg. Privy C. VI 826.
And sall frae thynefurth afauldlie and trewlie joyne and concur togidder … to the persute … of all … chargit … to compeir to answer to complaintis
(b) 1396 Sc. Ant. XIV 218.
Fra thene furth the forsaid landis … sal remayn with the forsaid Scher Lone
(c) 1637 Aberd. B. Rec. III 110.
The quhilkis soumes … to be employit be thame fra thanefurth wpoun the commoune effairis of the toune
(3) 14.. Acts I 11/2.
For that wrang he sal pay … viii ky to the mendis and fra thin furthwartis wythdraw hym fra suilk felony

3. = Thence adv. 3, thus. 1438–9 Misc. Spald. C. V 391.
In the cas quhar the hyding off suthfastnes ma gaur scathe, schame or prejudice til ane innocent man, fra theyne it is that we the forsaide certifiis and bers witness … that we … bystude, saw [etc.]

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"Thin adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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