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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
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Tavernar, Taverno(u)r, n. Also: tavernare, -er(e, -eir, tauernneir, tawernar, -er, tavirner, tabernar. [ME and e.m.E. tavernyer (Ayenbite), tauerner (Wyclif), tauarnere (14th c.), taberner, tawyrner (both 15th c.), tavernar (1530), tavernour (1603), AF taverner, OF tavernier, L. tabernārius a shopkeeper.] An innkeeper. Also wine tavernar. Also attrib.In early use as a surname. 1361 Reg. Episc. Morav. 306.
[Ex dono Willelmi Tavernere
1365 Rot. Sc. 897/2.
Adam Taverner mercator de Scotia
1448 Exch. R. v 311.]
Johanni Tavernare, pictori
(1) c1420 Wynt. v 4068.
Clerkkys that tyme forbade he Tavernaris [C. Tabernary[s]] fra theyne to be
1456 Hay II 40/32.
Commoun tavernouris full of sleuthe
a1500 Bk. Chess 54.
a1500 Bk. Chess 1750.
The tavernar … at his belt his keyis suld he beire Of lokkis to kepe his gestis geire
a1570-86 Dunb. in Maitl. F. 63/46.
Be Goddis blud quod the tauernneir [Reidpeth taverneir] Thair is sic wyine in my selleir [etc.]
1520 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 197.
That na maner tavernar tap nor sell ony claret wyne or quhyt wyne … darrar na for vj d. the pynt
1546 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 124.
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II 205.
That … ilk ypothecar, ilk tauernar, baxter, commoun cuke, haif ane bowet or lantern induring the said space burnend foiranent thair buithis and tauernis
1560 Edinb. B. Rec. III 86.
In tymes bipast the iniquitie of wemen taverneris … hes bene ane greit occasioun of huredome within this burgh
1568 Edinb. Test. 212b.
Issobell Fergusson tawernar
1573 Reg. Privy S. VI 368.
That ilk taverner, topstar of wyne … sall pay for everie tun of wyne, sauld and toppit be thame iiii s.
1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 119.
Alexander Thomson, tavernar
1588 Crim. Trials I ii168.
Johnne Lowrie … cummies in his maiesteis will, for geving of meit and drink, as ane commoun tawerner, to Mr. Robert Bruce
14.. Acts (1597) i 136.
1597 St. A. Kirk S. 837.
That … na baxter nor tavernour hald furth juigis of wyne aill nor bread on the Sabboth
1606 Aberd. B. Rec. II 281.
That na tavernar nor hostilar within the samen mak onie flesch reddie during the said tyme of Lentrone
1608 Conv. Burghs II 255.
1611 S. Leith Rec. 9/2.
1668 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 249.
1678 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. II 237.
John Law having charged … against Mary Smith his taverner, and Ferreis, her cautioner, the cautioner suspends, on this reason, that, by the taverner's countbook, written with the charger's hand, there are several sums not allowed to her … and that, at her removing, she left a quantity of wine
c1650-1700 Descr. Zetland 36.
Grutnesse, or Greedynesse, where the Dundee merchants have their booths, as also some tavernors, who … have their residence there for selling of ale, beer & brandy to these merchants
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece (M) I 197.
He commandit all scudlaris, tabernaris [1821 tavernaris], dronkottis, and vther siklik vile pepill … to be banyst
1562–3 Treas. Acc. XI 253.
That na flescheouris, oistlaris, cukis, tabernaris [pr. tabernais] or ony uthir personis sell ony flesche
(2) 14.. Acts I 335/2.
Of wyn tawernaris … at thai menge corrupt wyn witht hal wyn
c1575 Balfour Pract. 581.
Challenge of wine taverneris
attrib. 1690 Cramond Kirk S. III 23 Jan.
Anna Bane a tavernor young woman

b. transf. As a term of abuse. c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 762.
Than peirtlie answerit the squyar, And said; O tratour tauernar [etc.]

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"Tavernar n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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