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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Stok, Stog(g, Stug, n.2 (adj.). [ME and e.m.E. stoke (14th c.), stock (Shakespeare), stocke (1602), OF estoc.]

A. noun. A thrust, stab. = Stob n.1 Also transf. and fig.1460 Hay Alex. 5955 (see Stob n.1). c1590 Fowler I 69/66.
Was never suche a scrimeur, so able, war, and quik, For to awaird or to eshew the blow, the stogg, and prik
c1590 J. Stewart 93/486.
Be dints and stogs of dochtie Durandal The craig and wreat he claiwe in skelpis small
transf. 1581-1623 James VI Poems I 151/1.
The ophtallmie … Quhiche uith a seithing bloode uithin the sicht Geuis thousande stoggis
fig. c1590 Fowler I 241/39.
Gud death, … frie the wight … Quhase opned breist sic stoggs dois crave off [thé] as may it pearce to mortefie his hairt

b. attrib.(1) 1609 Hilderstoun Silver Mines I 202b.
Ane scrole, ane fork, tua stog irnis, ane croke, … for the fynning furnace
(2) 1600 Reg. Privy C. VI 857.
In the menetyme ane boy struke Maxwell with ane stog strak behind his bak
1648 Justiciary Cases III 773.
The said Robert Hairschaw … gave him ane crewall and deadlie stog straik in the wame
(3) 1513 Doug. vii xi 59 (Sm.).
Wyth round stok suerdis [L. tereti … mucrone] faucht thai in melle, Wyth poyntalis, or wyth stokkis Sabylyne [L. veruque Sabello]
1513 Doug. xii v 205.
With hys styf stok swerd in sik estait Throu baith the sydis at the first dynt hym smait
1531 Bell. Boece II 176.
Thay … had … stok swerdis [L. mucronibus], quhom na armour micht resist
1558-66 Knox I 177.
He stroke him twyse or thrise trowght with a stog sweard

B. adj. 1. Of material: Rough, coarse. Also in the later dial. (Cf. SND, s.v. Stug n.2, adj., v.2). a1700 Bk. Dunvegan I 195.
Silk, plach an ell … Silk, stog, new

2. comb. With tailit, having a docked tail. 1575 Edinb. Test. III 288.
Ane stug tallit gray naig … my stug tallit gray hors
1613 Crim. Trials III 265.
Ane cut-luggit stanet naig, mouse-hewit and stug-taillit
1659 Dumfries Council Min. MS 30 Nov.
A browne little naig … stug taillit [etc.]
1698 Misc. 3 Spald. C. II 111.
Both the saids horses were stug tailed

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"Stok n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/stok_n_2>

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