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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. IX).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Sok, n.1 Also: soc, sock(e. [ME and e.m.E. sok (1228), soke (c1290), soc (c1460), OE sōcn, ON sókn, med. L. soca.]

1. A right of local jurisdiction.Chiefly coupled with Sak n.1, q.v. for further examples. ‘It looks as though this jingle, together with pit and gallows, expressed the jurisdiction which a king’s thane was expected to possess' (Regesta II 50).[1094 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXXVII 119. c1120 Early Chart. 55.
Cum sacca et socna et toll et team et infangethef
1136–1148 Regesta I 142.
Cum theloneo et saca et soco
1195 Lindores Chart. 1. 1238 Reg. Episc. Morav. 35. 1322 Facs. Nat. MSS II 18. 1384 Cart. Levenax 7. 14.. Acts I 234/1.]
Cum soko et sako
1178–c1190 Yester Wr. 2.
Sciant presentes et futuri me dedisse … Hugoni Giffard Fintre … Cum socke et sacke et tol et tem et infangenthef
1230 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II 267.
c1320 Reg. Great S. (1814) 9/1.
1451 Reg. Episc. Morav. 224.
Antiquis consuetudinibus cum furca et fossa sok sak tholl theme infangtheif outfangtheif
1548 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II 123.
[With all baronial rights,] furca, fossa, sok, sak, thole, theme, infangthief, outfangthief
1564 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II 91.
Cum furca, fossa, sok, sak [etc.]
c1575 Balfour Pract. 503.
Criminal actiounis … pertenis … speciallie to thame quha has and haldis thair landis with sok and sak, pit and gallows thole, theme, infang-theif, and outfang-theif
1591 McKay Kilmarnock 301. 1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Sok.
He quha is infeft with sok (quhilk now we call soyt) … hes power and libertie to hald courtes within his awin barronnie
1606 Acts IV 295/2.
Fork sok sak thole theme … wrak wair waith and all vtheris liberteis
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. ii 176b.
1641 Stirling Chart. 165. 1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 109.
Sok … He that is infeft with sock can hold courts within his owne lands and baronie

2. ? The service due on land held by sokage. 1656 Rothesay B. Rec. 266.
Teyndis and utheris deuties and rentis dew to him … be him to me for my releiff within the Yle of Bute except sock adebtit be Sir James … and consents heirby to his ressait of all within the Yle of Bute assignit to me except what is dew be the said Sir James

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"Sok n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2022 <>



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