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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Overthraw, n. Also: ovir-, ower- and -thrawe, -thrau. [f. Overthraw,v.; corresp. to e.m.E. overthrow(e (1513): cf. Ourthraw and Overthrow.] Overthrow; defeat, discomfiture; destruction, ruin; or an instance of these. b. The destruction or demolition of a building.(1) 1535 Stewart 33625.
Rycht hevelie he buir into his hart The grit ouirthraw and thirling of his ring
1558-66 Knox II. 67.
Quhen sche perceivit the overthraw of us, … sche gaif ane gawfe of lauchter
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 88.
1572 Sempill Sat. P. xxx. 110.
I note bot few or nane with sic ouirthraw As only Ruthwen
1582 Declar. Causis 6.
c1590 Fowler II. 140/6. 1598 James VI Basil. Doron 74/4.
These same infirmities urocht the ouirthrau of the papiste kirke in this cuntrey
1599 Acts IV. 188/2.
The grit skayth and overthraw quhilk this realme hes sustenit in tyme bygane be the los of samony battillis
1600-1610 Melvill 128.
With the utter overthraw of the libertie of Chryst's Kirk
1611 Annandale Corr. 15.
Seiking his ouerthraw and the ruine of his house
1622 Crim. Trials III. 513.
The malicious inflicting … of … diseassis vpone dyuerse persones for thair overthraw and distructioun
(b) 1558-66 Knox II. 59.
Swa was not the owerthraw and slawchter of the Frensche sa greit
1567 Facs. Nat. MSS. III. lv.
To the euident dangeir … of our native princes lyff and owerthraw … of the nobilitie and haill state of this commoun weill
1594 Acts IV. 58/2.(2) a1578 Pitsc. II. 269/5.
Thair vas ane ovirthraw givin be the King of Spainȝie … aganes the Turkis navie
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Strages, a discomfitour or ouirthraw
1596 Dalr. I. 248/2.
Quhen Eugenie had won sa wicht a victorie with sa litle ane ouirthrawe of his awne
c1600 Montg. Suppl. xxxiii. 99.
Compelling myne be greitt ouerthrawis The sam obey be thair gritt mycht
b. 1568 Hosack Mary Q. of Scots I. 538.
The horrible crak of the pulder in the owerthraw and raising of the hous
1609 Edgar Hist. Dumfries 153.
At everie tyme of the rysing and swelling of the wattir … the said provost and baillies luikis for the utter overthraw of thair brig

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"Overthraw n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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