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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1971 (DOST Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Ma, v. Also: may, mai. Inflected mais, mays, mayis. [North. and north midl. ME. ma (a 1300), inflected mas(e, mace (a 1300–c 1485), reduced f. Mak, Make v.Only in verse (as appar. also in ME.) and chiefly early.]

To make, in various uses of Mak v.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 33.
Off thaim I thynk this buk to ma
Ib. iv. 561, x. 360. a1400 Leg. S. xxix. 143.
Licht & merknes I can ma
Ib. ii. 1140, xix. 523, xxxix. 339. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1163. c1420 Wynt. iv. 89.
The Capytole he fyrst gert ma
Ib. V. 410.(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 570 (E).
Certane day to mai [C. may] The fyr
(c) 1375 Barb. xi. 368.
Ane vax-cayme that beis mais [:vas (= was)]
?1438 Alex. ii. 2186. c1420 Ratis R. (S.T.S.) 176/1.
In waist natur na-thinge mais [: hais (= has)]
(2) 1375 Barb. v. 9.
Quhen … the treis begouth to ma Burgeonys
Ib. vi. 234.
He … strikand, rowm about him mais [:rais p.t. (= rose)]
Ib. xiii. 603.
Wattir for to ma
a1400 Leg. S. iii. 282.
The fend … a tempeste son cane may
Ib. xxi. 226. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1338. a1500 K. Hart 372.
Now I traist gret melody to ma
(3) 1375 Barb. ii. 330; 1535 Stewart 7065.
Multitud mais na victory
?1438 Alex. ii. 2367.
Quhilk of thir tua maist ioy ȝow mais [:fais (= face)]
Ib. 3137.
Mais freinship with gude hart and will!
c1420 Wynt. viii. 5430.
How man may his awyne fortowne ma
c1420 Ratis R. 189.
The taist … mais defferens and departing Betuex suetnes and vthir thinge
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2498.
The erd remanis and na profit ws mais
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 16. a1500 K. Hart 655.(4) a1400 Leg. S. x. 337.
Yrtacus … A congregacioun has gert ma
?1438 Alex. ii. 380.(5) c1420 Wynt. v. 3891.
Yhoure purpure may noucht preystys ma
Ib. 4062. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 841.(6) 1375 Barb. xvi. 594.
The king aucht weill to ma Of ȝow
?1438 Alex. ii. 5680. c1460 Consail Vys Man 100. a1500 Prestis of Peblis 1281.(7) 1375 Barb. xi. 340.
He said the rerward he wald ma
a1400 Leg. S. xxxii. 50.
Crystofer & Theodera To this a verra prowe ma may
?1438 Alex. ii. 7722.
Quhen luffaris … haue laser thame allane … bot ane quhyle mais ane day
(8) 1375 Barb. xii. 250.
Thai … Mais thaim to fycht
c1420 Wynt. iii. 608.
He slew … all tha That he couth trow that wald thaim ma For tyll succede tyll hym as kyng
Ib. v. 3797.
Thow mays [W. mayis] thé agayne God to wede
(9) 1375 Barb. i. 510.
Rycht mays oft the feble wycht
Ib. xix. 434. a1400 Leg. S. i. 642, xviii. 84, etc. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1667.
[Winter] the waleis mais All wete
c1420 Wynt. v. 594.
He … bade wyth barne thai suld hym ma
Ib. i. 1042, 1730, vi. 1754.(10) 1375 Barb. i. 226.
Fredome mays man to haiff liking
c1420 Wynt. Prol. 75. Ib. iv. 1986.
Quhen wantones mays thame to rys
(11) a1400 Leg. S. xix. 61. ?1438 Alex. i. 294.
My steid, that now sic steiring mais [: pais (= pace)]
Ib. ii. 1449.(12) 1375 Barb. ii. 6.
That he ma till his men gud cher
Ib. 469, etc. Ib. xi. 482.
The King bad thame thai suld ma Na contynans that it war swa
a1400 Leg. S. ii. 475.
For-thi suld thu [sc. Rome] gret joy may Of sic hirdis
Ib. xxxi. 240, etc. ?1438 Alex. i. 3034, etc. a1500 Henr. Fab. 510. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 796. c1475 Wall. x. 598.
On kneis he fell, far contenans can him ma
a1568 Bann. MS. 77 a/46.
Thocht thow grit murnyng may
Ib. 225 b/11. Ib. 227 a/3.
I may no mirthis ma
(13) 1375 Barb. i. 249.
Than mays clerkis questioun … That [etc.]
a1400 Leg. S. i. 697, ii. 422, xxi. 164, xxxvi. 352. c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2977. c1420 Wynt. iv. 371.
Bot throuch thame quhen that he is swa Trawalyd that he mon ansure ma The ansuere that he to thame mayis Offt dowbyll wnderstandyn hayis
Ib. i. 1664.
c1475 Wall. i. 105. a1568 Scott xiii. 33.
Sum anss[we]r ma
(14) a1400 Leg. S. xxxviii. 570.
In honeste sic band to ma
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 2048. ?1438 Alex. ii. 160, etc.(15) 1375 Barb. xvi. 303.
The Kingis … thair manrent till him can ma
Ib. xix. 232. a1400 Leg. S. x. 512, xlviii. 244. ?1438 Alex. ii. 9545.
Na sheild helping micht ma
c1420 Wynt. v. 2764. c1460 Regim. Princ. 21. a1500 Lanc. 953. c1530-40 Stewart Bann MS. 36 a/86.(16) 1375 Barb. vi. 397.
He … fand [E. send] a few a trayn to ma
Ib. vii. 63.
That he arest rycht thair vald ma
Ib. 385, x. 163, xiii. 75, xviii. 316, xx. 154, etc. a1400 Leg. S. ii. 495.
Haly kirk … Of his [Paul's] conuersione mais feste
Ib. iii. 272, xxi. 473, xxxiii. 797, 916, etc. ?1438 Alex. i. 430, 1110, etc. c1420 Wynt. i. 768 (see Mak v. 33 a). c1420 Wynt. v. 3786.
Wyth-in the kyrk he durst noucht ga Bot wythoute hys bad to ma He set hym
Ib. 4940.
Hys schryfft to ma
Ib. vi. 2151, etc. c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 2536, etc. c1460 Regim. Princ. 21.
As thai caus ma
c1475 Wall. vi. 890.
Frendschipe to thaim na liknes wald he ma
Ib. 220, etc. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlix. 43.
The murtherer ay mvrthour mais [: slais, hais (= has)]
(17) a1400 Leg. S. xviii. 506.
Qvhene scho was coniuryt sa, Sik spek furth cane scho ma

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"Ma v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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