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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Loseng(e, Lozang(e, n. Also: losinge, losangs, lozinge. [e.m.E. and ME. losenge (Chaucer), -ang(e, -ynge, lozingge, etc., e.m.E. lozeng(e, -ange, loosing (c 1623), OF. losange, 16th c. F. losange, lozange, -enge, a lozenge- or diamond-shape, a window-pane or other article so shaped.In Loutfut, after the French, instead of the usual Sc. Losin(g, Losan(e. In the 17th c. examples, after e.m.E.]

A lozenge- or diamond-shaped figure, chiefly as a heraldic bearing or, latterly, as a funeral device. b. Attrib. in lozange-arms, funeral hatchments. 1494 Loutfut MS. 12 b.
And will ȝe ken quhat is losenge luk in this buk the armes of Tolleuall
Ib. 37 b.
Suppos the play of the ches sum tymes schawis in carre & sum tyme in loseng & entirfaultis
Ib. 39 a.
Macles ar lik as losenges saiffand at thai ar void within and fillit with othir colour than it is of
Ib. 153 b.
Losingis, losengis
1637 Balfour Heraldic Tracts 129.
Wnder a fair pale of blacke weluet adorned with lozinges, ciphers, gumpheons and tears, belonging to the defuncte
b. 1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 350.
For 6 ellis of black bais to goe about the losangs armes … To the tayllor for shewing the fries to the losangs armes and making the knots of ribans … For blocking the two fraimis of the losangs armes
1695 Ib. II. 234.
Lozang armes
1699 Wemyss of Bogie MSS.
Ane lozange armes impaild with supporters cresst and motto

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"Loseng n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Dec 2022 <>



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