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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Licor(o)us, Licorese, n. Also: lycorus, lykor-, li(c)ker(o)us, -os, liccarous, licrus; likeres, lickres; licoris(h, licaris; liquor-, liquere(i)s. [ME. licoriz (Layamon), licoris, -ys, lyc-, e.m.E. licorice, likorice etc., licor-, lykeres etc., liquorice, liquerice, lyqueryce, -esse etc., AF. lycorys, OF. *licorice, e.mod.F. liquerice, late L. liquiritia. Cf. Jus licoris (and Lacrissye, Alacreische).] Liquorice, the preparation made from the juice of liquorice root. Also attrib. with -ruit.(a) 1550 Treas. Acc. IX. 426.
Tua polkes annat sedis, ane polk lycorus
1568 Edinb. Test. I. 153 b.
xiij li. likeros
1586 Ib. XVI. 365 b.
Thrie stane … wecht of likerous at xl s. the stane
1599 Exch. R. XXIII. 318.
15.. Nat. Lib. MS. 22.2.11.
First tak ane vnc of gingibir bread … tuo vnc of licrus cuted small
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 310.
1619 Thanes of Cawdor 251.
I think it wer not a mise to send Donald for licorous … for now is the tyme of lykorous seting
1627 Orkney & Shetl. Test. I. 170.
Thrie pund weght of lickerous
attrib. c1590 J. Stewart 226 § 107.
Me thocht scho [Lechery] souckand vas ane lickerus ruit
(b) 1576 Crim. Trials I. ii. 54.
Thom baid hir tak ane pairt of ginger, clowis, annetsedis, licorese and sum stark aill
1617 Edinb. Test. L. 36 b.
Ane hundreth pund weycht lickres, price thairof auchtene pundis
1631 Ib. LV. 35.
Fourtie pund likeres at iiij s. the pund wecht
(c) 1682 Apothecary's Acc. MS. (Coll. Phys. Lib., Edinb.) 13.
1 half pund licoris best 8s. 6d.
Ib. 13 b.
2 lib. 4 unce licorish at 15 sh.
(d) 1576 Edinb. Test. IV. 155.
Thrie stane of liquereis price of the stane … xxvj s. viij d.
1591 Ib. XXIII. 266 b.
Ane hundretht … of liquores, price of the hundretht vij li. vj s. viij d.
1613 Conv. Burghs II. 396.
Brissell annetseides and liqueres

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"Licorus n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 10 Dec 2022 <>



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