Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Kne-hede, -heid, n. Also: kney-, knay-, kny-, kneekeney- and -head. [Kne n. 4; Hede n. 5. Only Sc., and also in the later dial. of Shetland (Jakobsen).]

A piece of naturally bent timber used to secure parts of a ship together.? Orig. applied specifically to a knee-piece which joined a ship's beam to its rib, as also appar. in the later Shetland use, and ? hence so-called as the ‘knee’ which formed the ‘head’ or end of the beam (= OSc. Balk). 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 246.
To the rowbarge … for xv kne hedis iij s. ix d.
1561 Ib. XI. 116.
For … ane midschip balk, twa dalis, … and twa kne hedis to the said bote
1588 Dundee Shipping L. 215.
260 gairownis, 60 kny heiddis [pr. knyfeiddris] & crokit tymer
1595 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 71 a.
Of keney hedis xxii gret and small
1605 Edinb. Test. XL. 56 b.
[John Lowry, skipper:] xxvij peices of auld cruikit tymber price of all xxxvij li … , … Item, tua auld schippis balkis … , Item, xiiij peices of auld knayheidis price of thaim xiij li.
1662 Orkney Antiq. Soc. V. 15.
Ane great boat … with thrie oaken balks and sex iron bolts with sex knee heads upon the said balk[s]

b. As used for other purposes. 1604–5 Ayr B. Acc. 226.
For … a kneheid for the tron
1613–4 Ib. 58.
To William Nicholl tymmerman for ane kneyheid to mend the gallowis

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Kne-hede n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Apr 2024 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST: