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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Inglis, Inglis(c)h, adj. and n.1 Also: inglise, inglys, -es, -ese, -eis, ingillis, ynglis, -ys; ingli(s)che, -eisch(e, -ishe, -eshe, ynglish. [North ME. inglis (a 1300), ME. (14th c.) and (rare) e.m.E. inglish, ynglysh. The regular Sc. form: cf. Englis adj. and Englis n., Englis(c)h adj.]

A. adj. 1. Of or belonging to England or its inhabitants. In various contexts.(1) 1375 Barb. i. 193.
Schyrreffys … maid he [Edward I] … of Inglis nation
14.. Acts I. 350/2.
Na … persoun … sal intercomoun with ony Inglis man or woman outher in Scotland or Ingland
1448 Acts I. 352/1.
Anentis bailis birning … for cuming of ane Inglis oist in Scotland
Brus v. 485 h.
Heire the Inglis knycht feys a tratour
1474 Treas. Acc. I. 52.
Gevin for the Inglis pursyfantis expensis
1489 Ib. 119.
To Gentil Johne, the Inglis fule
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 276.
Sa Inglis tykis in Scotland wes abone
1558-66 Knox II. 84.
The Inglis army be land depairtit
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 33.
Not content onelie to manteine Scottis bot als thai ressave Inglis tratouris
1596 Dalr. I. 82/14.
As the Inglise historiographers beiris at large
1658 Bk. O. Edinb. C. IV. 119.
For alledgit murder of ane Ingleis sojor
(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 606.
This Cuthbert … saw the folk … Be worthyn Ynglis, rych and pure
Ib. vi. 459 (C).
A full gret cheuelry Both of Ynglis and Scottis men
c1475 Wall. iv. 556.
Ynglis archaris … Amang the Scottis bykkerit with all thair mycht
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 270/10.
Norhame … with mony … castellis on the Ynglis bordour
(c) a1578 Pitsc. I. 75/14.
His men … ruschit … wpoun the Inglisch wangaird
1603 Moysie 35.
These that trafficked with Ingleische nobilety
1616 Haddington Corr. 131.
The Ingleische commissiouneris ar to be present
1679 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 381.
Many of the Inglish nobility and gentry are to come to this place shortly
(2) 1503 Treas. Acc. II. 388.
To Johne Coupar, messingeir, passand with the Inglis chareotis
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 266.
Scottis lordis could nocht obey Inglis lawis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 10/12.
Pinkie Feild … Quhair money nobillis was slaine … And nocht be the vertew of Inglis ordinance
1596 Dalr. II. 143/5.
He commitis to my lord Hume … the kure of the Scotis bordouris, to hald aff the Inglis braids
(b) a1578 Pitsc. II. 170/28.
The Inglisch schipis
1596 Dalr. I. 82/3.
The dignitie of the Inglishe name
1651 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 120.
In respect the Inglish schipes haid chaist in ane barque … on the sandis
(3) 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 57.
I most … praefer the rude Scottis wyt of capitane Cocburne to your Inglis solomonical sapience
Ib. 58.
To purge [the history of Scotland] of sum Inglis lyis and Scottis vanitie
(4) 1488 Acta Aud. 117/1.
Fifty quarteris of … malt of Inglis met
1639 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 150.
For twa pund of pulder, Inglis weycht
(5) 1389 Slater Early Texts No. 17.
ix hunder punde of Inglis gold
1511 Treas. Acc. IV. 314.
iij gret dussone Ynglis pewdar weschele
1538 Ib. VI. 437.
For vj Inglis bollis [= bows] … to the Kingis grace to gif away
1565 Prot. Bk. T. Johnsoun 97.
6 sawsaris [etc.] … all of Inglis pewder
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 251.
Ane Inglis demy culvering
1597 Acts IV. 136/2.
To restrane the hambringing … of all Ingillis claytht or vther Ingillis wairis
1603 Treas. Acc. MS. 281.
Tua pair lang heidit Inglis gluiffis
1622-6 Bisset II. 209/27.
Sex barrellis of Inglis drinking beir makis ane tun
1664 Edinb. Test. LXXI. 253.
Of Inglis fleis wooll ane stone
(b) 1606–7 Misc. Spald. C. V. 80.
The statute concerning the Inglische beir
1617–18 M. Works Acc. XIV. 3.
For sex Inglische scheullis & spaidis
(6) 1398 Acts I. 212/2.
Touchande the paying of custume of Inglis clath brocht in the lande
1456 Misc. Bann. C. III. 93.
A goun of Inglys broun
Ib. 94.
1474 Treas. Acc. I. 22.
iiij … elne of blew Inglis carsaye for a govne to the King
1495 Ib. 226; etc.
j ell of Inglis grene
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 200.
Franche clayth, Inglis clayth, Flanderis clayth
a 1568 Sempill Sat. P. xlviii. 3.
Baith Pareis blak, and Inglis broun
1584 Edinb. Test. XIV. 107.
Of Scottis & Inglis tartane fiftie fywe eln
1586 Reg. Privy C. IV. 79.
In Inglis dissounis of claith … of the … best chape that thay could by it in England
1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI. 172 b.
Alsmeikel fyne blak Inglis stemyng to be hir ane goun
1618–19 Misc. Spald. C. V. 143.
For four elnis … reid Inglis flanning
1637 Aberd. B. Rec. III. 117.
New coittis of reid Inglis cloath
(b) 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 352.
Such as Inglish cloth, … timber, scheip skinnes
1652 Thanes of Cawdor 311.
Tua ellis Inglisch cleath
(7) 1431 Acts II. 20/1.
[Salmon to be sold out of the country] bot for Inglis mone alanerly
1451 Ib. 40/1.
Ane new penny … haldande the sammyn wecht of the half Inglis nobil
1456 Ib. 46/1.
The Henry Inglis noble of pais
1468 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. viii. 143.
The ald Ynglis groit for xiij penneis, the Schoyttis crownyt groit for xij penneis
1483 Acta Aud. 112*/1.
A box with tuentj five Inglis noblez
1489 Chart. (Reg. H.) No. 549.
The Inglis penny iij d.
1503 Treas. Acc. II. 215.
Giffin for ilk elne vij li. Inglis; summa in Inglis monee xxxv li., and in Scottis monee [£122, 10s.]
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2006.
I haue na geir except ane Inglis grot
1596 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 66.
Ignorant men that comptis sterling monie efter the abufe name of inglis payment
(b) 1560 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 116.
The Ingliche layit money
1649 Scots Lore I. 274. 1703 Foulis Acc. Bk. 315.
4 croun Inglish pieces
(8) comb. 1662 Conv. Burghs III. 556.
No Inglischman is allowed any wther schippis but Inglisch built

2. Designating the English language (comprehending that of both Scotland and England: see B 1), and writings in this language (but perh., in some instances, from England).(1) 1375 Barb. iv. 253.
As is in Ynglis toung to say
c1420 Wynt. i. Prol. 30.
Thare matere … to drawe Off Latyne in tyll Ynglys sawe
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 4/5.
Thocht some personis appruf nocht the translacoun of haly writ in Ynglis toung
(b) ?1438 Alex. ii. 21.
For to translait in Inglis leid Ane romains
1490 Irland Mir. fol. 111 b.
I knaw that Gower, Chauceir, … has writtin in Inglis tong richt wisly
1540 Lynd. Sat. 1146 (B).
This is the new testment In Inglis tung, and prentit in Ingland
1551–2 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 154.
Divers prentaris … prentis bukes … alsweill in Latine as in Inglis toung
1576 Ib. 282.
The samin bibillis in the vulgare Inglis toung
1596 Dalr. I. 85/20.
For the Ingles men, evin as the mair politick Scottis, vses that ald Saxone toung, … quhilke now is called the Ingles toung
1612 Stirling B. Rec. I. 132.
For teaching of bairnes in reding of the Ingles toung
(c) c 1560 Sc. Hist. Rev. XXI. 142.
And that na prayeris be usit in the kirk [of Coupar] but in the Inglishe toung
1616 J. Strong Second. Educ. Scotl. 106.
That the vulgar Inglishe toung be universallie plantit, and the Irishe language … be abolisheit
1726 Dunkeld Presb. II. 102.
In regaird the Inglish language is gaining ground [sc. over the ‘Irish’]
(2) 1490 Irland Mir. fol. 357 b.
I … knew nocht the … colouris that men vsis in this Inglis metir
1530 Lynd. Test. Pap. 24.
In our Inglis rethorick the rose
1573 Ann. Sc. Printing 260.
Set furth in Inglis meter be M. Johne Dauidsone
(3) 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 272.
Me lyst with nane Inglis bukis flyte
15.. Lord Fergus Gaist 17.
I haif red mony quars … Baithe Inglis and Latene
1568 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 202.
Ane buke callit the Inglis bybill imprentit of before at Geneva
1567 G. Ball. 197.
Preistis … , sing in to ȝour mother tung Inglis psalmes
1580 Hay Cath. Tr. (S.T.S.) 37/11.
Some Inglishe buikes, quhilks skairslie thay wnderstude thame selwes
1628 Edinb. Test. LIV. 266.
Certane Ingillis, Lateine & Dutche buikis
(b) 1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 54.
For hadder to burne Inglische buiks
1622 Edinb. Test. LI. 247.
Tua thowsand … bund of steikit ingleisch buikis, … consisting partlie of New Testamentes [etc.]

b. quasi-adj., properly attrib. uses of B 1.(1) 1582 Glasgow Prot. VIII. 71.
[The school called the] Inglis Schole
1612 Stirling B. Rec. I. 132.
Halding of Ingles or writting scholes
1617 Ellon Presb. 99.
[He had begun to teach an] Inglis scole [at Drumquhendall]
1639 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 397.
That nae mae Inglisch scoolles be keipit … bot four only, with ane wrytting schooll
1658 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 176.(2) 1559 Peebles B. Rec. I. 257.
[The schoolmaster to] separat the Ynglis redaris to the tolbuth fra the Latinists
1620 Stirling B. Rec. I. 155.
To be a doctour … for teaching of the Ingleshe reding and writting
1625 Ellon Par. Rec. 69. 1629 S. Leith Rec. 18.
No doctor ather for the Latine or Inglish bairnes
(3) 1596 Dalr. I. 86/5.
Of the Iles of Orchnay, sum ar Inglese, sum of the language of Norway
1579 Dickson & Edmond 300.
xii Inglis grammeris

c. Designating the national vernacular of England only. Cf. B. 1 b. 1562-3 Winȝet I. 74.
‘By’ in Scottis and in Inglis toung is nocht ane
1596 Dalr. II. 183/8.
Quhen Scotis and Inglis language ar neir nychtbouris, sounding almaist baith alyk

3. absol. as noun. = English people, Englishmen.The usual word is inglismen: see Inglisman n. c1420 Wynt. viii. 4156.
Sum that war cleyn Inglis men Sum Scottis Inglis sworne then
Ib. 5291.
That Inglis suld the Scottis prys, And thai thaim on the samyn wys
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 101.
Payit to the Inglis that tha laid doun for losing of [a boat]
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 193/29.
Mony ȝeris before or Inglis or Brettonis come in that ile
1596 Dalr. II. 145 marg.
Baith drau to Floudoun hil, Inglis and Scotis

b. Cf. B 2. 1654 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 282.
Moneyis belonging to the Inglisch
1657 Melrose Reg. Rec. I. 152.
For all bygone sesse … since the Inglisch entred Scotland
1679 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 382.
The tyme of the usurpation of the Inglish

B. n. 1. The English language; the vernacular language of Lowland Scotland and of England. Cf. A 2.(a) c1420 Wynt. i. 1376.
Of langagis in Bretayne sere, … Of Brettys fyrst, and Inglis syne, Peycht, and Scot, and syne Latyne
c1475 Wall. ix. 297.
[Longueville was] Lik to the Scottis be mekill gouernance, Saiff off his tong, for Inglis had he nane
1490 Irland Mir fol. 358 a.
Considirand that mony errouris ... ar writtin in this tounge and in inglis, at a part of the pepil of thi realme ar infekit with it
c 1491 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I. 57.
This letter in Northin of the King of Norway … , put this in Inglis
1494 Loutfut MS. 128 b.
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. iii.
Ane pair of Lowthiane hippis Sall fairar Inglis mak … Than thow can blabbar with thy Carrik lippis
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 153/3.
The diuisioun of all the warld … schortly drawyn in Ynglis
1542–3 Acts II. 415/1.
To haif the haly write … in the vulgar toung in Inglis or Scottis
1562-3 Winȝet I. 101/9.
Ȝoung childring of na eruditioun except the reiding of Inglis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 198/18.
This hieland man that cuild nocht speik guid Inglis bot evirie word was ane mow that he spak
1598 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 225.
He quha can reid … Inglis with sum writ
1622-6 Bisset I. 10/8.
Translated out of Frenche into Inglis, be Edwarde Gramestoun, gentillman of Ingland
(b) c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 259 (Ch. & M.).
Chaucer, … Was thou noucht of oure Inglisch [B. Inglis] all the lycht?
1567 Dickson & Edmond Ann. Sc. Printing 201.
To imprent … actis, workis [etc.] … alsweile in Latine as in Inglische
a1578 Pitsc. I. 233/21.
Dyuerse langagis, that is to say, Latine, Frinche, … Inglische and Earische
c 1620 Sutherland Corr. 345.
Plant schooles in ewerie corner of the countrey [sc. Sutherland] to instruct the youth to speake Inglishe
1670 Dunkeld Presb. II. 52.
Ane highland woman without any Inglish
1727 Ib. 400.
When he preached in Inglish, he lectured … in Irish

b. The language of England, as distinguished from that of Scotland. Cf. A 2 c. 1513 Doug. i. Prol. 117.
Nor ȝit sa cleyn all sudron I refus, … So me behufyt quhilum … Sum bastard Latyn, Franch, or Inglys [R. Ynglis] oys Quhar scant was Scottis

2. In the plur. Inglisis, Inglis(c)hes, the English (troops of the Commonwealth). Cf. A 3 b. 1651–2 Peebles B. Rec. II. 193.
For aill and bread furnishit … to the Inglishes
1660 Dundee B. Laws 445.
The storme … of our forsaid bruch by the Inglisis … in anno [1651]
1660 Aberd. Council Lett. IV. 43.
Before the Inglishes entered the samen [kingdome]
1666 Glasgow Chart. II. 104.
That Glasgowes interuptiones are bot lait, viz. in the tyme of the Inglishes
1668 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 225.
[Promised by them to him in 1654] for his service to the Inglishes
1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreæ 225.

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"Inglis adj., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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