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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Heriald, Hereald, Herȝeald, n. Also: herriald, hereauld, hereall, heriall, hareauld, hyrald; hereȝhald, herȝiald, hereȝiald; heriold and Hearill. [Later varr. of Hereȝeld(e.]

1. The feudal casualty of hereyeld or the right of claiming it. = Hereȝeld(e 1 and 2. 1529 Rep. Milne Home MSS. 36.
Gif ony deis in Crammecruk … at ar tennandis, the corse present and heriald to be partit betuix me … and the said Alexander
1561 Reg. Privy S. MS. XXX. 84 b.
To sett thame to tennentis … with court plent, heriold, blowdweit and mercheit
1586 Edinb. Test. XV. 215 b.
Ane broun naig … tane to the hereald
1608 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. II. 110.
For the allegit nocht delyuering to him of ane heriall
16.. Cant Hist. Perth 33.
Our said burgh of Perth … with courts of plea, hereȝhalds, blood weits [etc.]
1675 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV. 361.
[All who have given their landlords their] caulpes or herȝialds
1698 Misc. 3 Spald. C. II. 97.
He receives the culps [sic in pr.] hereȝialdis

b. Attrib. with hors, naig. = sense 2 below. 1540 Lynd. Sat. 3904 (Ch.).
Howbeit the barrouns thairto will be laith, From thine furth thay sall want thair hyrald hors
1568 Lyndsay Pref. 9.
Quhat hes he alswa written aganis this heriald hors, deuysit for mony pure mannis hurt?
1579 Edinb. Test. VII. 315.
The said vmquhile Dauid Auld had … pertening to him … tua hors by the hereauld hors
1591 Ib. XXIII. 105.
Thrie hors by the hareauld hors
1597 Fam. Rose 285.
He leiffis to Allexander Ros ane hereall naig
1669 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 43 (3 Aug.).
And that ther came ane naig to Lochartur quhich was called the herriald naig

2. A particular animal taken, or set aside to be given, as hereyeld. 1582 Laing Chart. 258.
The haill queik gudis to be equaly devidit thame, by the herȝealdis
1597 Edinb. Test. XXX. 133 b.
Ane meir by the hereauld
1677 Thanes of Cawdor 334.
That ane exact list be made of my stood mears and herialds and ther followeris

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"Heriald n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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