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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hafe, Haif(f, v. Also: haife, hayf(f, haef, heaf. Pres.p.: haif(f)and, -ing, hayf(f)-, haeffand, heaffing. [Northern ME. hafe (a 1300), var. of Have v., with f for v.] Infin. and pres. tenses of ‘to have’. (Chiefly in uninflected forms of the pres. indic.) a. With noun or pronoun object. b. As auxiliary verb. c. With various complements.a. (1) a1400 Leg. S. i. 22.
This Petir … A stannand lufe to Criste can hafe
Ib. xvii. 538.
That I suld ony barnys hafe
14.. Acts I. 32/2.
Na man ma hafe ma servandis
Ib. 44/2.
The ayre … sall hafe … a girdill, a mortar [etc.]
1425 Ib. II. 11/1.
Bot gif that man hafe a letter
c1500 Harl. MS. 4700 fol. 173.
Gyf he hafys qwhar of
1596 Dalr. II. 320/6.
We hafe a true gyd
(b) 14.. Acts II. 6/1.
Quhare … men may … haif vsage of archery
1449 Ib. 35/1.
No man need til haife assouerans
1456 Peebles B. Rec. 113.
Sym Conno ..drauis his land in borch qwyl he hayf an of his awn
c1475 Wall. xi. 328.
To Scotland fur; the Fyrth off Tay thai haiff
1517 Acta Conc. MS. XXIX. 21.
The landis … he was wynt to hayf of befor
1536 Douglas Corr. 144.
At ewere man swld hayff hys awn teynd
1562 Peebles B. Rec. 282.
That the said communite haif sic securite
a1568 Bann. MS. 213/47.
Se thow haif no dreid
a1605 Montg. Ch. & Slae 148.
Ȝit I wald haif it faine
c1590 Fowler I. 45/239.
I saw … Scylla haif for bones … a … rock
1615 Misc. Spald. C. V. 218.
The old actis … sall be anullit and haif no fayth
1639 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 109.
We must haif recourse to the nixt remedie
(c) 1536 Glasgow Prot. IV. 89.
He suld haef fredom to anele his land in that caes alanerlye
(2) 1491 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 65.
Ony vthir haiffand power of thame
1519 Peebles B. Rec. 49.
This forsaid gold … haifand the cowrs forsaid
1531 Glasgow Prot. IV. 32.
Nycholl … , haeffand Jhon Hawston bed
1574 Misc. Spald. C. II. 41.
Gilbert … haifand in company with him William
a1578 Pitsc. II. 163/13.
They nocht haiffand goode men of weir
1622-6 Bisset I. 45/5.
Ane [horseman] … , haifind … his wapynnis
(b) c 1545 Reg. Morton I. 6.
Ane of the saidis kistis … haiffing ane clovyne lyd aboue
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4714.
Ane … housband man … , Haiffeing small bairnis
1570 Leslie 138.
The saide erle hayffing commissione [etc.]
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 99/7.
Ane glorious … kirk, not haifing ony spot
1600-1610 Melvill 69.
We haiffing but twa eares
1622 Crim. Trials III. 525.
The pannell, haifing skill in chirurgerie
16.. Hist. Kennedy 37.
The Laird … heaffing mony bassis … with him
b. (a) 14.. Acts I. 25/2.
And he … hafe nocht assignyt his landis
1433 Stirling Chart. 212.
I hafe set to my sele
1451 Reg. Episc. Brechin II. 315.
We hafe gravntit trone to be erekkit in thair cite
1468 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 24.
We hafe passit togidder with men of law
(b) 1431 Buccleuch Mun. II. 29.
Ays hayfis beyin doyn ... in tym gayn by
1436 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 5.
As thai haif bocht at
c1475 Wall. ix. 509.
Tyll a wall thai haiff thar bakkis set
Ib. xi. 1376
Fra worthi Bruce had rasauit his croun I thocht haiff maid Ingland at his bandoun
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 295/4.
As ȝe haif hard
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Twa Mar. W. 153.
How haif ȝe farne?
1510 Lennox. Mun. 189.
We hayf affixt to oure seyll
1544 Bk. Carlaverock II. 29.
I hayff leyn laing heyr
1570 Leslie 209.
As thocht he wald haif sayled in France
1588 King Cath. Tr. 200.
Willame … , haiffand conquesit Ingland
1614 Crim. Trials III. 266.
Haifing persauet the said Alexander … to haif laid doun the said wallet
1623 Kinghorn Kirk-S. 23.
Dauid … comperit to haif anserit some alleagance
c. (a) 1428 Wemyss Chart. 54.
Wilyame … sal hafe Eufame … in lachfull matrimonye, til his spousit wyfe
1432 Highland P. II. 178.
Gif ony of thir partyis hafe ony clause … unclere
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 117.
For a carte to hafe thaim to Lythgow
1491 Ib. 182. c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii. 182.
Is thair ony ȝe wald haif alterat Of the assyis?
(b) 1424 Acts II. 5.
That na strangearis … haif away the merchandice
c1475 Wall. ix. 1628.
He … to the hous can caw … And bad him haiff in
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 493.
To ane crayar to haif the watter on burd
1516 Misc. Spald. C. V. 396.
The said dwymis men, haiffand God befoir ein
1551 Sources and Lit. Scots Law (Stair S.) 299.
Quhat wyll ȝe haiff me doand, tell me and it salbe done
1562-3 Winȝet I. 76/13.
Will ȝe haif ws … euir in the state of damnatioun
1572 Sat. P. xxxviii. 86.
Persayfand thame haifand thamselfes into parrell
1602 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 308.
That thai haif thame [weights] of ane peice

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"Hafe v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 Apr 2024 <>



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