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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gyd(e, Gid(e, v. Also: gyid(e, gyidd-, guyd(e, guide. [ME. gyde, gide (c 1374), guide (1390), OF. guider.]

1. tr. To act as guide to; to go with or before in order to show the way.(a) ?1438 Alex. i. 2203.
Richt weill him gydit Arresté, And led him out throw ane vaillie
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 131.
Quha sall me gyde? quha sall me now conuoy?
Id. Orph. 307.
Thai gydit him to hidowis hellis hous
c1475 Wall. i. 257.
Throw a dyrk garth scho gydyt him furth fast
1513 Doug. ii. xi. 39.
I tary na langar; I follow, and quhidder ȝe gyde me sal I wend
1535 Stewart 61071.
Syne till ane dur thain on the baksyde Richt quyetlie this tratour did thame gyde
a1578 Pitsc. I. 275/4.
He had na experience … of the way, nor had na gyddis to gyd him
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xcv. 6.
Thai planelie throw the cuntrey rydis; I trow the mekle deill thame gydis
(b) c1475 Wall. x. 621.
He maid Crawfurd the erll Malcom to gid [: thai ryd]
1494 Treas. Acc. I. 248.
For the drawyne of viij treis … to the bote and to a towar to gid thame
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 155.
The Kingis thre he giddit be ane sterne
1533 Boece iv. xv. 150 b.
Romanys … causit certane hirdis … pas with thame in botis, promitting thame grete rewardis to gide thame throw the firth
1533 Gau 36/16.
To gid ws out of blindnes … of this wardil to the … kingdome of heuine
(c) 1622-6 Bisset II. 231/19.
Admiralls in tyme of wear may rig to schips for to convoy and gyid merchandis … for saiftie

b. To direct in a certain course. 1456 Hay II. 141/6.
Sic wynis … gydis it [sc. food] better throu the wayis of the naturale conditis
a1500 Henr. Test. Cress. 205.
As king royall he raid vpon his chair The quhilk Phaeton gydit sum tyme vnricht
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4808.
I thynk sic pastouris ar nocht for to pryse, Quhilk can nocht gyde thare scheip about the myir
1562-3 Winȝet I. 3/10.
Ane schip … gydit thir mony ȝeris be sleuthfull marinaris and sleipand sterismen
1571 Sat. P. xxvii. 18.
We haue thé chosin to the cheifest charge, Ouir tossit galay to gowerne and to gyde

2. To direct, control, manage, or keep in order.Very common throughout the 16th century, especially in poetry.(a) 1490 Irland Mir. I. 11/22.
Constantyne was gydit be the gret and haly Siluester
Ib. 64/17.
Thar appetit … was in all maner reulit and gydit be resoune
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 294/17.
A man … quhilk in his ȝouthheid had bene folich and evill gydit
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xlvii. 87.
This fals dissavand warldis blis So gydis man in flouris grene
Ib. lxvi. 46.
I knaw nocht how the kirk is gydit, Bot beneficis ar nocht leill devydit
1529 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. I. 94.
The said John … to brouk ane ryg of croft land gydit and telit be the said Mareoun
1562-3 Winȝet I. 29/5.
The apostolis and the hail kirk of God, gydit … be the Haly Gaist
a1578 Pitsc. I. 51/7.
The Earle of Douglas, be quhais moyen and conwoy the haill realme and court was gydit
1625 Edinb. Test. LIII. 56.
The said fatherles childreine orderit, taucht, & gydit … in suche maner & forme as salbe … appointit
c1650 Spalding I. 376.
The Erllis … and sum otheris, who tuke vpone thame to reull and gyd all
(b) 1490 Irland Mir. I. 111/19.
Thou has … gevin him … counsalouris to help him, to gid him, to counsel him
1517 Reg. Privy S. I. 454/2.
To kepe, governe and gide the said castell & all housis & biggingis belanging [thairto]
1533 Boece I. iii. 38 b.
This Symon Brek be mervellus equite gidit the realme
1533 Gau 89/13.
Lat vs aluterlie be gidit be thé
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3691.
Thai seum dois ȝow dissaue, … And all ȝour rowmes thai gide euin as thai pleis
1562 Edinb. Hammermen 252.
Our craft wes neuer war giddit nor quhen yov had the charg ower tham
(c) 1456 Hay I. 249/27.
Prayand Him to guyde it as lord and syre of all bataillis and dedis honourable
1567 Sat. P. vii. 224.
Than lat thame all concur … Thair realme and Quene with gude consall to guyde
a1578 Pitsc. I. 9/10.
How James the fourt … guyddit the same in veilfair and paice
1587-99 Hume 72/139.
The custome and the law, Quhairby our natiue soil was guide aright
1659 Hay Diary 4.
The generall counsall of officers did guyd all now

3. refl. To conduct (oneself). a1500 Colk. Sow Proh. 37.
Gyd ȝow so that first ȝour God plesit be
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 65.
Be naturall gift nane to the end may bring Gude purpois tane, bot [he] him gid with grace
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xx. 8.
He rewlis weill, that weill him self can gyd
c1530-40 Stewart Maitl. F. clv. 45.
For quha him selfe can not gyde nor avance Quhy sould ane province do on him depend?
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 250.
Quho gydis thame weil gettis of thy grace gret gude
1576 Edinb. Test. V. 61.
Gif he beris himself & gydis him wele

4. intr. To conduct oneself, behave, act. a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 265.
He giddit sua, That na offence he did to freind nor faa
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xix. 28.
Than twa and twa sayis thame betwene, That evill he gydis, ȝone man, trewlie
1551 Prot. Bk. W. Corbet 19.
Geiff scho gyiddis weill and dois his consail
a1568 Scott i. 99.
Thai gyde nocht ill that governis weill thame sell
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xix. 37.
God … gif the grace to gyde sa prudentlie That [etc.]

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"Gyd v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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