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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gressum, Gressom(e, n. Also: gresswm, -ume, gresum; gres(s)oum(e, -owm(e, greissome; gressam, gressim, gresem; gressone. [Metathetic variant of Gersum. See also Grissum.] = Grassum.(a) 1288 Exch. R. I. 35.]
[Item, per quandam gressumam receptam de firmario terre de Quylte, xl s.
1450 Reg. Great S. 84/1.
Full powar … tenandis to charge, gressummys alswa to raise and to ressave
1477 Reg. Cupar A. I. 206.
Saxtene merkis of gresswm to be pait within thre ȝeris
1502 Orkney Rentals i. 9.
Brek in Kirbuster … The gresum therof ilk iij yeir xx s.
1547 Reg. Cupar A. II. 236.
Als mony eittin scheip as ples my lord to send vp ȝerely for thair gressum
1557 Acts II. 502/1.
Without payment of ony gressume, enteres siluer, hereȝeld, corspressand, or ony vther maner of dewtie
1571 Ib. III. 43/20.
[They] sall bruik their takkes, steadings, rowmes … without anie gressume
1594 Misc. Spald. C. V. 60.
To warne the fewaris to pay thair gressums for thair new landis
(b) 1475 Reg. Cupar A. I. 200.
At Witsonday … the said tenandis enteris to payment to the ekyng of the male as for a gressome
1491 Acta Aud. 151/2.
For auerage, cariage and gressommez and vtheris dewiteis extending to xx li.
1550 Rec. Earld. Orkney 104.
All maner of dewiteis, taikis, roumeis, gressoneis and byroune malis of the samin
1602 Bk. Univ. Kirk III. 988.
A speciall gressome to be condiscendit vpon for ilk chalder, … and to be renewit ȝeirlie therafter, … for the lyke greissome
1606 Ib. 1026.
New tacks, the gressome or entrisse silver wherof shall acress to the stipend in all tyme comeing
(c) 1506 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 76.
They assignit ale thar gressoumis of thar fischingis and landis to the bying of led, and thekin of thar queir
1509 Reg. Privy S. I. 290/2.
He enterand … at Witsonday … for the space of fyfe ȝeris, … payand … for the said five ȝeris xl lib. of gresoume
1602 Melvill 548.
Ane speciall gressowme to be condescendit upon for ilk chalder, for the space of 19 yeiris, and to be renewit thairefter for the lyk space and the lyk gressowme
(d) 1478 Acta Aud. 59/1.
For the wrangwis withhalding of the gressim of the said landis
1621 Urie Baron Ct. 41.
The sowme of ane hundreth merkis of gressam, for fyve ȝeirs tak of his rowme

b. Attrib. with beir, entree, kow, wedder, and silver; comb. in gessumefre.(1) 1486 Exch. R. IX. 427.
De xxj celdris iij bollis ordei dicti gressumbeir, de dicta insula et de dictis sex annis
1594 Breadalbane Ct. Bk. 66.
Taking of ane kow out of the same [land] being thair as ane gressume kow
1605 Black Bk. Taymouth 342.
Off milk yowis, … of kebbis wantand lambis, … of gressume wedderis
1612 Marischal Coll. Rec. I. 128.
For gresems silver the haill tenents shall pay yearlie the Kinges few duetie
1668 Glasgow Chart. II. 354.
Ane proportionall pairt of the forsaid gressum entree
(2) 1493 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 52.
Thai grantit him ane d. nettis fischingis of the furdis, maile and gressome fre to him
1547 Ex. Processes, No. ii.
That all wiffis quhais husbandis deceissit at the said feild that had ony … malingis, suld brouk the samin … gressumefre

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"Gressum n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 22 May 2024 <>



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