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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Girs, Gyrs, n. Also: girse, gyrse. [Var. of Gris n. Cf. Gers n.] Grass.(a) 1375 Barb. viii. 445.
He gert [them] … sekkis ta Fillit vith gyrs [E. gres]
Ib. xi. 372.
He … thame helit hade … vith gyrs [E. gres] al greyne
c1420 Wynt. i. 114.
Froyt and gyrs thai oysyd tyll ete
Ib. 568.
That ile is … Wyth gyrs growand … grene
1498 Acta Conc. II. 157.
The wrangus … withhalding … of the pasturing and gyrse of the sade manys
1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 115.
In battill gyrs burgionys the banwart wyld
1549 Compl. 20/32.
Al the grond … is ourgane vitht gyrse ande vild scroggis
Ib. 37/13.
The sueit fragrant smel of tendir gyrssis
1551 Hamilton Cat. 241.
The flour that growis amang the gyrss
1563–4 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 187.
The gyrs of the buriale yaird
(b) c1450-2 Howlat 27.
With girs gay as the gold
1485 Acts II. 170/2.
Twys in the ȝere, anys on the girs, and anys on the corne
1492 Fam. Rose 157.
The saidis landis … togidder with the girs of the wod
1503 Treas. Acc. II. 392.
For strowing of the Abbay Clos with girs the tyme of the mariage
1531 Reg. Soltre 104.
The inland girs … to be kepit for the provestis hors
1549 Reg. Cupar A. II. 65.
Thay … sall haue commoun pasturing to thair … catell vpoun our girs of Campsy
1578 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 59 b.
The litle hillok of reid and the salt girs … within the regalitie of Lundores
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxxviii. 16.
The grene girs growis our streitis throcht
1625 Ellon Presb. 122.
Catell and hors … that cam in and eat the girs thairof
c1650 Spalding I. 201.
Thay … distroyit both girss and corne quhair euer thay cam
(c) 1496 Acta Conc. II. 20.
The dampnage … throw the wanting of the girse and pasturing
1504 Treas. Acc. II. 438.
Payit to James Dog … for girse … to the Kingis and Quenis chamers
1519 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I. 62.
[They] eit baith his cornes, meills, and girse
1592 Rec. Earld. Orkney 167.
The haill rendallit land, als weill infeild as outfeild, outbrekkis girse as utheris
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i. 852 b.
Pasturing of cattell … in the lands or girse of Lords

b. Attrib. with bank, hors, mart, merket, park, woman, yarde. 1453 Exch. R. V. 583.
Onerat se de xxiiij martis dictis girs martis
1466 Reg. Great S. 185/2.
Reservatis dicto Alano quodam orto, le Girse Yarde nuncupato vulgariter
1575 6th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 658/1.
For girs to the girs hors
1581 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 557.
That na gyrs wemen nor vtheris pas within the South Loch to [s]cheir the gyrs thairof
1601 Rec. Earld. Orkney 175.
Landis, girse, and girsebankis
1601 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 284.
To remove thair red, falds, staynes and lyme, quhilk thai haif in the girs merket under the wall

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"Girs n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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