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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Gard, Gaird, n. Also: garde, gairde; gward, guaird. [e.m.E. guard(e, gard, ME. garde (1426), OF. garde, guarde.]

1. Keeping, care, protection. a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 1241.
All erdly riches and ruse is noght in thair garde
1490 Irland Mir. I. 63/15.
The devin providence was mare deligent for his saule … than for the gard and keping of his body
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. ci. 86.
Thairfore ȝe sould tak rycht gude garde Or lestand feid ȝe on ȝou bring
c1600 Montg. Suppl. 200/48.
I sell stand vpoun my gaird
1615 Crim. Trials III. 277.
Ane airmie of fyve hundreth men airmit for ȝour guaird and defence
c1650 Spalding I. 277.
Letteris … craveing him to be send with ane regiment for thair gaird and protectioun

2. A number of armed men engaged to protect a person or place.(a) 1473 Treas. Acc. I. 43.
Gevin to Schetho … passande with lettres … for the ditte and the garde, vij s.
a1500 Seven S. 2305.
He … bad him boun To be in to the kingis gard
1533 Boece viii. v. 258 b.
He subormt ane parte of the garde … that war blindit to covatice
1535 Stewart 45687.
Wes neuir sene, nother with lord nor lard, As he with him had sic ane graceles gard
1570 Leslie 241.
Ane archear of the King of France gard
1596 Dalr. I. 184/23.
Quhomeuer he suspected he commandet his garde to slay
(b) 1535 Stewart 13965.
Bayth land and gude in to that graceles gaird, He sparit nocht to gif thame in rewaird
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 591.
All capitanes of the kingis gairdis Gaif to the squyer riche rewairdis
Ib. 1417.
He and his gaird
1565 Reg. Privy C. I. 319.
The archearis of the Quenis Majesteis gaird
a1578 Pitsc. I. 288/13.
This Duike passit to the sie with … xxiiij gentillmen in his gaird
1596 Dalr. I. 151/23.
Out of al partes he gathiret a gaird … as impudent as him selfe
1613 Highland P. III. 135.
Chargis ar direct aganis the … keeparis of Allaster … for delyuerie of him to one of the gaird
1660 Peebles B. Rec. 424.
Payd for ten stone of colle furnished to the gaird
1695 S. Leith Rec. 179.
To speak to the accommodant to desyre him to appoint the gaird to assist the searchers on the Sabath
(c) a1578 Pitsc. I. 27/30.
The gouernoure … retinit ane gret gward of men of weir
1683–4 Stirling B. Rec. II. 326.
Ane whyt iron candlestick to the guaird … Item, to the guaird ane bowatt
1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 635.
For coall and candle to the guaird

3. A protective device; esp. a sword-guard. 1506 Treas. Acc. III. 367.
Four gret gardis for justing
1538 Ib. VII. 13.
For ane grete garde to the first harnes
1577 Edinb. Test. V. 197 b.
Ane pair of … hiltis or gairdis with plummettis
1592 Ib. XXIV. 87 b.
Thrie pair of suord gairdis
1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 20.
He kepit the straik of the stalfe be casting wp the gairdis of the sourd
c 1614 Rep. Hist. MSS. I. 138.
Two fyne gilt swordis … , the gairdis of thame lyk to Sir James Sempillis

b. comb. 1569 Edinb. Hammermen 232.
Thomas Cwnynghame gairdmakar payit for his vpset xx lib.
1583 Ib. III. 33.
Robert Lyall, gairdmakar

4. = Gardenap. (Cf. Garding n.) 1578 Maxwell Mem. 312.
Ane tyn pynt, ane tin quart, ane tin gaird
1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 128.
Ane grit chargeour plait … , ane gaird of bras

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"Gard n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Jun 2024 <>



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