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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Enemy, Enimy, n. Also: enemé, -mie, -mye, enimie, enymy; ennemy, -mé, ennimy, -mé, -mie, ennymy, -mie. [ME. enemy, enemé (c 1300), enimie, enneennymy, etc., OF. enemi, ennemi. See also Inemy n.]

1. An enemy, a foe.(a) 1375 Barb. vi. 372.
Thus hardyment … Gert him … oft our-cum his enymys [E. ennymyis]
Ib. ix. 224.
He wald fare To bargane with his enymys [E. ennymys]
c1400 Troy-bk. ii. 1352.
Affermand … Of thame capitale ennymye Hym for to be perpetualy
c1475 Wall. i. 5.
Till honour ennymyis is our haile entent
1513 Doug. xi. Prol. 93.
He is thy ancyent ennymy, werst of ane
1531 Bell. Boece I. 117.
Thay wer belttit about on every side with ennimes
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 99.
Thare ennimeis of thame sall haue no mycht
1567 Sat. P. iv. 79.
I houpit weill to haue na ennymie Into this Realme
1596 Dalr. I. 8/19.
Thay haue leiret … with the force of thair bodie … to expel the ennimie
(b) c1460 Thewis Wysmen 320.
For ignorans and negligens Ar ennemys till al sciens
1513 Doug. ii. v. 75; etc.
Our ennemys has thir worthy wallys tane
1567 Sat. P. vi. 58.
Ȝe neid not for till feir The boisting of ȝour ennemeis without
a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xcvii. 76.
Ilkane fra vther thame defendis As fra ane commoun enneme
(c) c1450 Cr. Deyng 61.
The deuill … is our auld enemye
c1475 Wall. xi. 653.
Wallace … Playnly be fors vencust his enemys [five]
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxxv. 65.
Our wys pavys fra enemys, Agayne the feyndis trayne
1549 Compl. 102/9.
Quhen ane mannis crag vas put in the ȝoik be his enemye
a1578 Pitsc. I. 200/27.
They thocht the king greatlie to be thair eneme
1590 Warrender P. II. 139.
We will deme … thame selfes enemeyis to quyetnes and disturbatouris of the public peax

2. In specific uses: a. pl. The English. Usually our ald enemyis. 1472 Edinb. Charters etc. 134.
In case our ald ennemyis of England adress thaim to inuade the said our conburges
c1475 Wall. i. 7.
Our ald ennemys cummyn of Saxonys blud
Ib. 146.
Scotland was … our set throuch with our ennemys wilde
1549 Compl. 1/13.
To becum randrit in the subiection and captiuite of our mortal ald enemeis
a1578 Pitsc. I. 107/8.
Quha vas slaine … [fechtand] against the Inglismen our awld enemeis

b. The Devil. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1918.
Exhortand folk to … be war Fra nettis of oure wickit enemie
c1490 Irland Asl. MS. I. 4/18.
I propone to perswade aganis the perswasioun of the enemy
1535 Stewart 26740.
Ane incobus … Quhilk be illusion of the ennimie … Culd tell perfitlie baith of peax and weir
1567 G. Ball. 76.
Now Christ … vincust hes our ennemie

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"Enemy n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Apr 2024 <>



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