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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).

Dissave, Dissaif(f, v. Also: dyssave, dyss-, dissawe, dyssayve, -aywe, dissaive; dissaf, dis(s)ayff. [ME. dyssayve (14th c.), dyssave, disseyve, etc., variants of des(s)ayve, etc., Desave v.]

1. tr. To deceive, beguile, mislead.(a) 1375 Barb. iv. 237 (E).
Thai mak ay thair ansuering In to dowbill wndirstanding To dissaiff [C. dissaf] thaim that will thaim trow
Ib. 268. c1420 Wynt. iv. 374.
Sa it hapnys that men are Dyssayvid offt on that manere
Ib. 2306.
Wytht twa traytourys … He falsly dyssaywyd was
a1500 Henr. III. 168/76.
This deid is bot ane trane For to dissaif the laif, and thame begyle
c1475 Wall. ix. 1940.
Knawin enemys thai couth him nocht disayff
Ib. x. 1102. a1500 Seven S. 1862.
Thow has na laire That sall dissaif me ony maire, As did the dremaris of the hurdis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 256.
I couth sexty dissaif that suttillar were haldin
1560 Rolland Seven S. 6080.
How durst thow be sa peirt me to dissaif?
a1568 Scott xxix. 19.
Thair hairtis ar sett … Ȝow to dissaif with dowbilnes
1587-99 Hume Tr. Consc. 97/16.
Leist ony suld be dissaivit heirin
absol. c1515 Asl. MS. I. 195/22.
Quhare thai mak stratest obligacoun … thare thai dissaif sonest
(b) 1375 Barb. iv. 272.
His doubiil spek hir sua dissauit That throu hir feill the ded resauit
Ib. xviii. 173. a1400 Leg. S. iii. 569.
Lefthir ydolis, that nocht are Bot fendis that dissavis thé
c1420 Wynt. iii. 424.
Quhen scho saw hyr the thryd tyme swa Dyssavyde, than scho mad gret wa
1456 Hay I. 30/29.
Thai … trowit all that thai said … , and was dissavit
Ib. 177/21, etc.
All men of were may dissave his inymy be barat and slicht
1492 Myll Spect. 276/21.
Socratis sais he that traistis a woman sall nocht faill to be dissauit
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxi. 57.
Quhair fortoun evir … dissavis With freyndly smylingis of ane hure
1513 Doug. i. vi. 171, etc.
Quhy art thou cruell to thy son, … Dissavand hym sa oft with fals sembland?
1533 Bell. Livy I. 155/31.
I wil nocht dissaue the Tarquynis ony forther with vain behechtis to recouer thare realme
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3500.
The wisest men thay ay dissaue And this burges amang the laue
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 44.
He did his commissioun sa weill … that he dissauit ye cardinall of Lorayne
1598 Misc. Spald. C. I. 121.
Thow affermis … that Christsonday wilbe cassin in the fyre becaus he dissavis wardlingis men
1622-6 Bisset II. 156/16.
He wes dissaved be fals delusionis of devillis
(c) 1375 Barb. iv. 272 (E).
This dowbill spek sua hyr dissawyt
a1400 Leg. S. ix. 16.
In that ydol dwelt … A fend, for to dissawe mene
Ib. xxi. 492.
Petyre, that na tryget mycht dyssawe
c1420 Wynt. iii. 86.
Quhen that Iael hym resawyde In tyll hyr tent and hym dyssawyde
Ib. iv. 368.
Dissawynde men on thare manerys
a1578 Pitsc. I. 20/17.
Persaueand himsellffe sa craftelie disawit be his foes
Ib. 31/31.
Quhairin the gouernour maist wickitlie dissaweit him

2. To be false or faithless to (one); to betray or fail to assist. c1475 Wall. vi. 480.
Thai swor that he had dissawit thair lord
a1500 Bk. Chess 1789.
Sic trew seruandis suld thai with thaim haf That hors nore men nother thai dissaif
1513 Doug. iv. viii. 45.
His ald promys na mair will I hym crave; Nor band of wedlok, quhilk he hes dissave
1567 G. Ball. 94.
The bardit hors in neid sall men dissaif, And mony thousand hors may na man saif

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"Dissave v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Sep 2022 <>



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