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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cost, Coist, n.3 [ON. kost-r (Norw. kost), food, victuals, corn.] In Orkney: Victuals or farm-produce (in later use esp. meal and malt) as a medium of payment for rent or dues.‘Cost, a denomination for meal and malt, in the proportion generally of two-thirds of malt, and a third of oat-meal, was rendered a principal article of feu-duty’ (Agr. Surv. Orkney 31). 1503 Orkney Rentals i. 29.
Summa de land male in coist vj lastis
1563 Orkney & Shet. Rec. I. 138.
Pro dicto molendino sex melas de lie coist tanquam pro firmis dicti molendini solui solitis
1564 Ib. 150.
Sexdecim marcarum victualium, vulgo coist nuncupatarum
1566 Reg. Great S. 419/1.
Reddendo … 3 lastas, 20 melas, 3 settinas victualium vocat. lie coist
1570 Rec. Earld. Orkney 131.
Tua mellis and four settenis cost melling
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Serplath.
Of meille and malt callet coist ane last makis ane Scottish chalder
1609 Acts IV. 455.
The thriddis of benefices within the boundis of Orknay … alsweill money victuall, as cost of buttir, oyle, and vtheris customes within the saidis boundis
1614 Lett. Eccles. Affairs I. 340.
Comptand ane last of coist to ane chalder of malt

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"Cost n.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jul 2024 <>



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