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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cod, Code, Coid, n. Also: codd(e, kod; coad, cood(e, koud. [Northern ME. cod (a 1400), kode(1402), ON. kodde.]

1. A cushion. (See also doun cod, prene cod.) c1420 Wynt. ix. 591.
The byschape … Gave twa lang coddis off welwete That on the hey awtare offt is sete
?1438 Alex. i. 3285.
Vpon ane cod [F. coutepointe] punȝeid of cottoun, … Thay laid Emynedus
Ib. ii. 3756.
Cassamus tuke ane cod [F. oreiller] of prys, And by the playeris lenit him syne
c1450-2 Howlat 587.
In a feld of siluer … Of a kynde colour thre coddis I kend
c 1450 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 200.
For the hee alter ane browdyn cod
1454 Old Dundee II. 13.
A claith of arras for to sit on, and twa cods of silk
1473 Treas. Acc. I. 31.
j elne of fustiane to covir a cod
1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 174.
viij coddis grite and small, part with riffin tykis and all with riffin waris
1561 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 330.
The forclayth of the hie altar; four coddis of welout, tua blak and tua reid
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 258.
Ane litle coffer in forme of ane coid of grene velvot
1595 Duncan Appendix.
Pulvinar, a code
1676 Cunningham Diary 77.
A bitt narrow lace, … A cod to work upon

2. A pillow.(a) a1500 Seven S. 1453.
The hound lap wp on the bed clathis … Baith courting, cod, covering & schete, Of silk he fylis with his feit
a1500 Prestis of Peblis 1305.
Than quhair is thy cod, courche, or cap? … Nocht bot ane sheit is on thy body bair
1499 Glasgow Dioc. Reg. II. 26.
ij blanketis, and thre coddis and a couering
1522 Dunferm. B. Rec. 209.
Ane feddir bed, … ane boster, cod, and blankatis
1531 Bell. Boece I. 60.
Ewin, … commandit the young children … to sleip erar on hard burdis, than on plumis or coddis
1549 Compl. 68/3.
I maid ane cod of ane gray stane
1566 Fleming Q. Mary 499.
Tuelf ellis of fustean to be ane matt and bowster with ane codde
1583 Elgin Rec. I. 172.
Ane pair of coddis … ane pair of heid scheittis
1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 140.
Thow art indyttit for taking of twa coddis, … appoynting the ane cod to be [the] said Thomas [etc.]
1604 Elgin Rec. II. 119.
He confessit the having of a cod on his head through the toune
1630 Bamff Chart. 223.
Fywe cods and twa bowsters
1640 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 184.
Ȝe … laid ane codd abone the tonges
1694 Pr. Inchmahome 159.
Of new cods, 16 pair; … of old cods, 7 pair
(b) 1530 Lindores Chart. 31.
Item xviij blancatis & xii codis wytht thar waris
1595 Brechin Test. I. 130.
Four kodis price xl s.
1612 McKay Kilmarnock 308.
Auchteine codis, pairtlie filled with downis and pairt with fedderis
1622 Edinb. Test. LI. 282.
Ane fedderbed, bowster, and tua codes
1663 Inv. Ld. J. Gordon.
Within the stand bed … ane code, a couering thereof
(c) 1582 Grant Chart. 156.
xxiiij coidis, … xij boisteris
1623 Edinb. Test. LII. 4.
Ane auld fedder bed with ane bouster & tua coidis
1628 Ib. LIV. 341.
Ane bouster, tua coides
(d) 1644 Edinb. Test. LXI. i b.
Sex pair of hardine scheittes … ffour coades
1648 Linlithgow Palace 331.
Ane feddir bed, ane bowster, tua coads … ane stand of courtingis
1681 Biggar 62.
Ane feather bed, & bolster & two coads to the Ladie Cloburne
1721 Stirling B. Rec. II. 171.
He, … late at night, went out of the tolbooth to his own hous to gett a coad
(e) 1637 Brechin Test. V. 221.
Tua auld koudis
1671 Wodrow MSS. 4to XXXVII. No. 7.
They toomed the very bolsteris and coodis and filed them with meell

3. A bolster for a bell. 1575–6 Lanark B. Rec. 71.
For tua codis of bras and tua stapillis of irn, and for hinging the common bell
1607–8 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 559.
To Thomas Aitkeyne potter for foure pund and ane unce of bras to be coddis to the bell
1692 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 313.
To cast and found two new cods of bell metall for the said bell to hang and ring in them

4. Attrib. with claith, lase, tyke. 1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 125.
For cod lases, ratland gold fulȝee, … to the bancat and … play
1568 Edinb. Test. I. 180 b.
Sex cod tykis spilt on the mure
1575 Ib. III. 363.
Ten quarteris of codclaith

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"Cod n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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