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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cary, Caré, Cairy, v. Also: carye, kary(e, carie (pr.p. cariand, -ing), carrie, -ye; p.t. and p.p. caryit, -ed, cariit, -et, -ed; — (karé), carré, carey; pr.p. caring, p.t. and p.p. karyd, caryt, -it, cairit; — cairey (pr.p. caireing), cair(r)ie. [ME. carye, carie (1330), ONF. carier, med. L. cariare.]

1. tr. To carry from one place to another; to convey.(a) 1375 Barb. xvi. 287.
How scho furth suld caryit be, … than ordanit he
Ib. xix. 723.
All that day caryand thai war With cartis, men that slayne war thar
a1400 Leg. S. xvi. 506.
He prait tham … To cary that body til the hill
1456 Hay I. 235/33.
Charis and chariots for to bring and cary … thingis that war nedefull to thame
c1450-2 Howlat 776.
He cowth cary the cowpe of the kingis des
1489 Treas. Acc. I. 117.
To Dave Caldewell, to cary the arres werk fra Edinburgh to Lythgow
1495 Ib. 241.
To four hors to carye the chapell geir
1513 Doug. i. ii. 27.
Cariand to Italy Thar venquyst hamehald goddis
Ib. vi. 102.
The tresour … Is thus caryit our the sey
1532 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 58.
The gude toun till … carye the stanys to the calsay, and to mak the red and carye the samyn away
1552 Ann. Banff I. 30.
That no wayr be mydenit, bot put to the horsis and karye the samyn to the feld
1562-3 Winȝet II. 29/10.
Siklyke men … cariing about thair errouris
Ib. 68/7.
As cariit vp be the handis of angelis
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 262.
Pover women that wer caryand coillis to Edinburgh wer beraift of thame
a1578 Pitsc. I. 17/12.
Desyreand … to carrye away twa cofferis with hir claithes
Ib. 30/4.
Thai … wald … carrie away thair geir
1629 Urie Baron Ct. 68.
Being warnit to have cariet corne … to Wrie
1680 Foulis Acc. Bk. 50.
For biging and carieing in the coalls to the seller
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxi. 679.
Oure al the kyrk thai caryt hym
c1420 Wynt. vi. 797.
Karyd out off that towne wes he Dede on a nycht
1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 326.
Payit to the … boitmen that carit the tymmer
a1578 Pitsc. I. 124/2.
Sa mekill thairof as might nocht goodlie be cairit away
1633 Peebles Gleanings 170.
Quhen Thomas Moffat carit ane letter to Sir John
(c) 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 247.
For a bayte that careit the wrychtis … to the loche
1501 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 90.
The toun directtand and careand the wark fra the querrell
1513 Doug. i. xi. 123.
The sevynt symmer hydder careis thé
Ib. ii. xii. 84.
I … careit my fader to Ida hyll on hie
1515 Treas. Acc. V. 35.
For fourtene rubbouris to care powder out of Striveling to Edinburgh
1550 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 148.
That na filth be careit furth of the towne bot at the narrest port quhar it lyes
1558-66 Knox II. 57.
The haill victuallis they careit to Leith
1568 Sat. P. xlvi. 40.
Scho kareis nocht bot men and wyne
1570 Leslie 181.
Careing cartit ordinances befoir thame
1582 Waus Corr. I. 238.
He vill care all avay, and leff the hows bare of insycht
1582–3 Misc. Spald. C. V. 55.
For the ferrie boit to carre the folk to the bar
1605 Crim. Trials II. 483.
He slew the said scheip … and thairefter careit the boukkis thairof to his awin hous
1617 Montgomery Mem. 277.
To James Elphinston … for mending the glas windo … and to his man for careing it
1618 Linlithgow Pal. 340.
For careying in the cannon stok
(d) c1615 Chron. Kings 112.
The Erle of Bothuell … caireyis hir to Dunbar
1623–4 Peebles B. Rec. 411.
Ane quheill barra to cairrie staines to the calsa
1631 Ib. 417.
For caireing away ane auld … man
1633 Orkney Bp. Ct. 87.
He … cairyit the watter to his fatheris hous
1681 Irvine Mun. II. 297.
For cairieng 18 burden of fooge to the church

b. In various transferred or special senses. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxiv. 7.
Fortoun sa fast hir quheill dois cary
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1393.
A uengeance in hir euer mair, This chyld that caryit in sic cair
1562-3 Winȝet I. 65/9.
To be cariit about with euery wind of doctrine
1570 Sat. P. xxiv. 27.
Crabit but cause, and caryit by thy sensis
1581 Cath. Tr. 77/30.
Quhat madnes careis men auay
1611-57 Mure Ps. cxii. 5.
A good man … caryes with discretion What ever hee intends
c 1621 Melrose P. 433.
It kythes that the towne of Drumfreis cairies their olde respect to the name of Maxuell
1669 Lamont Diary 209.
His horse caried the day att Cwpar reace
1675 Wemyss Corr. 141.
Fowre [guns] caring twa pwnd ball, and three caringe fowre pwnd ball

c. To carry off (as a prey or prize). 1570 Sat. P. xxiv. 94.
Gone is thair game, … Thair cattell caryit, thair granges set in fyre
1662 Lamont Diary 144.
A cup worthe 5 lib … the said Cuninghame … caried the same, and Pittincriffe his horse … caried the sadell

2. To carry or bear about with one. c1500 Rowll Cursing 107 (B).
Thair sall thay kary … Sum libberlais, and sum hell crukis
1605 Peebles B. Rec. 357.
That nane … carie ane suord heirefter within the burgh ruddis

b. intr. and refl. To act or behave. a1650 Row 28.
If he carie impenitentlie, … to be excomunicat
1657 Rep. Hist. MSS. I. 306.
Archbald caryes himself weell. He has been examined by the regans and hes don weell

3. intr. To make one's way, proceed, go. a1500 Rauf C. 952.
Thay knichtis caryit to the Court
a1500 Gol. & Gaw. 366.
Thai wyis … caryis to the castell
Ib. 611; etc.
Fra the castell thair com cariand ane knight
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1767.
I tuke my club and hamewart couth I carie
1513 Doug. viii. iv. 100.
Hercules come … With furyus mynd careyng our the land
Ib. xii. xi. 136.
Lat ws follow that way, and thiddir cary
c1536 Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 218.
He wend I had bene weill releuit, Quhen to the Court he gart me carie
1540 Id. Sat. 365.
Als fast as ȝe can carie, Speid with all diligence

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"Cary v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Dec 2022 <>



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