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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Buist, Bust(e, n. Also: buiste, buyst, bwist, buest; bwst. [ME. buiste (Gower), buyste (1483) and buste (a 1225), variants of boiste Boist n.]

1. A small box used for holding documents, money, small articles, etc.(a) 1456 Acts II. 46/1.
Golde and siluer the quhilk is present to thame … in a buist be the wardane of the cunȝe
a1500 Henr. Fab. 844.
Out of his buist ane bill sone can he braid
1494 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 67.
[The money] to be … kepit be the said messinger in a close lokkit buist
1576 Reg. Privy C. II. 556.
Thay being cairfull of the keping of thair commoun buist, quhairin ar thair commoun seill and auld evidentis
1546 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 236.
Ane grit buyst, and certane kemmis
1551–2 Ayr Common Good Acc. (MS).
Item … for ane bwist to put lettres in, iij s.
1559 Fam. Rose 227.
Ane buist … with chertouris and … certane lois euidentis in the keist
1562 Inv. Wardrobe 158.
Ane munk and a nun in twa litle buistis
1565 Edinb. B. Rec. III. 209.
Alexander Guthre, … deliuerit … in ane buist, the charter of the superioritie of Leith
1578 Inv. Wardrobe 240.
Ane grene buist paintit on the lid quhairin is sevin angus dayis
1586 Edinb. Test. XV. 65 b.
Ane greit buist with cokis of barrellis and elsing heftis
1596 Dalr. I. 340/11.
Alexander incloset the reliques of … S. Margaret in a capsell or siluer buist
1610 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 31.
The haill writtis and evidentis … war put vp agan in ane litill bwist within the lytill kist
1618 Red Bk. Menteith I. 333.
Thair is ane meikle greit quhyt buist within the chartour-kist, conteining … euidentis
1623 Crim. Trials III. 556.
Taking ane lang claith furth of ane buist
1659 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 426.
For ane trone stand of bras weights to the toune and ane buist to keep them in
1696 Peebles B. Rec. II. 156.
The thesaurer to mak ready … a buist for weighting the meall
(b) 1478 Acta Aud. 83/1.
A bust with lettres
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 81.
In a round buste within the said box, a cors of gold
1503 Treas. Acc. II. 403.
For ane bust and skinnis to turs the said quik silver to Strivelin
1516 State Papers (Reg. H.) No. 22.
A buste of dammas golde with eght pirnis
1540 Maxwell Mem. 409.
Ane cowerring of ane evcrist in ane rwnd bwst
1551 Treas. Acc. IX. 474.
For making of the evidentis upoune the landis of Clettisholme … For ane bust to put the samyn in
1600-1610 Melvill 10.
The haill expences of the proces … lyand in a severall bust … in my lettron

2. A box for confects or medicines.(a) 1536 Treas. Acc. VI. 287.
Tua barrellis and ane halff of succatis and ane bwist of carms
1551–2 Ayr Common Good Acc. (MS).
xviij s. for twa buistis of comfeitis
1567 Edinb. Test. I. 20 h.
Aucht buestis of crotȝartis
1575 6th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 657/2.
Of confectis vpoun cannell iiij buistis at 32 s.
1583–4 Misc. Spald. C. V. 55.
For sax quarttis vyne and sax buistis dragie, the buist 8 s.
1592 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 79.
Tua dussone buistis of confeittis
1607–8 Irvine Mun. II. 247.
For tua buistis of confectis
1612 Bk. Rates 295.
Round buistes for marmalad
1623–4 M. Works Acc. XVII. 10.
For … ane buiste of cannell confeittis and ane pund of sowgar
1641–2 Misc. Spald. C. V. 159.
Deburst … for a dusson buistes, wyn, breid and tobaco
1653 Stirling B. Rec. II. 319.
For 22 buist confections
(b) 1490 Irland Mir. fol. 231.
The bustis and weschel that contenis this hevinly medycyn
1535 Treas. Acc. VI. 257.
For garnesyng of ane bust for untmentis to the Kingis grace
1556 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 300.
Twa dossund bustis of scorchettis
1611–2 Misc. Spald. C. V. 86.
For ane gallone wyne and sex bustis confectionis
1652 Stirling B. Rec. II. 313.
Item, for 16 busts of confectiounes
1672 Foulis Acc. Bk. 3.
For a bust of anders pills

3. A pad or similar device placed under a garment. 1552 Treas. Acc. X. 47.
Item deliverit to hir servand tway bwistis for hir breist
Ib. 81.
Item, ane boist for hir breist
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxxviii. 124.
To mak thame small thair waist is bound; A buist to mak their bellie round
1582 Treas. Acc. MS. 40 b.
Spanis orange taffetye to lyne the buist and the putchis
Ib. 66.
Quhyit spanis taffatie … to lyne the buist and bask of his hienes doublettis
1601 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 16.
For ane buist and clesptis to this same goun
1604 Ib. 27.
Ane buist of wyre

4. Buist glas, a cupping glass. 1575 Edinb. Test. III. 318.
[In an apothecary's booth] xiij buist glasis of foure vnces
Ib. 319 b.
xiiij Veneis buist glasis greit & small

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"Buist n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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