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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Bridil(l, Brydill, n. Also: briddill, bridyl, -ell; brydyll, -ell, -all, bryddill, brydle; breddil. [ME. bridel, brydel, etc., OE. brídel.]

1. A bridle for a horse.(a) 1375 Barb. ii. 425.
Then off his hand the brydill yhed
c1420 Wynt. viii. 3152.
He suld knyt Hys brydyll fast
?1438 Alex. ii. 1289.
Vpone brydill auysitly Thay raid
c1475 Wall. vii. 298.
His brydill [he] turnyt, and fra hir can he fair
a1500 Rauf C. 476.
His brydill bellisand and gay
1489 Treas. Acc. I. .
To the Master of Stabill, for … saidillis, brydillis and odir stuf
1492 Myll Spect. 278/29.
With a brydill schorand him lyk a hors
1513 Doug. iii. viii. 69.
Bestis … To draw the cart, and thoil brydill and renȝe
1540 Maxwell Mem. I. 408.
Ane wattryng new brydill
1612 Bk. Rates 290.
Bitts for brydillis
1637 9th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. ii. 194/1.
Ane blak welvat brydill
(b) 1375 Barb. ix. 256.
A litill on bridill thai thaim vithdrew
Ib. xi. 173.
Quha suld at his bridill be
1456 Hay II. 49/12.
His coursere … has bridill gevin till him
Ib. 49/32.
Ane hede-stele of the bridill
1457 Peebles B. Rec. 119.
A sadyl and a bridyl
1494 Treas. Acc. I. 228.
To mak knoppis … to the harnysing of briddillis
1503 Ib. II. 385.
For gilting of the … boses of the Quenis bridil
1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 26.
The graith of hir pleuch, … bridill, ȝokkis, & bollis
c1550 Rolland C. Venus ii. 1035.
At ilk bridill ane proper alakay
1567 Bamff Chart. 70.
Ane fair hors with aparelling of sadill and bridell
(c) 1517 Treas. Acc. V. 130.
For … breddil and helteris bocht for the Kingis mwle

2. fig. A check or restraint; a means of control. 1492 Myll Spect. 296/28.
Quhar thai haif the maistrye or brydill
1490 Irland Mir. I. 85/21.
Sensualite … obeyis nocht to the bridill of ressoune
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 348.
I wald na langar beir on bridill
1513 Doug. xii. viii. 133.
All kynd of wreth … he Leyt slyp at large, but brydill
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. ix.
Gif it pleis that I thy bridill gide
1568 Pref. Lyndesay 11.
A stay and brydill … to hald bak the wickit
a1570-86 Maitl. F. clxxiv. 50.
Ilk bangester … With fre bryddillis sall do quhat thing thame lest
1596 Dalr. I. 289/21.
[He] louset a brydle to thame to vaig in … lust
1603 Reg. Privy C. VI. 524.
A brydall to all sic cruell passionis
1627 Misc. Hist. Soc. I. 87.
I inclyne to latt him byt on the brydell

3. A retaining band or beam. Also attrib. with geist. 1574 Ayr Common Good Acc. MS.
For dressing of the brydill geistis, vj s.
1587 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 288.
Ane brydill … to hald wp the end of the geist
1618 M. Works Acc. XV. ii. 47.
For thrie tries of aik to be brydellis
Ib. 49 b.
For … aikin tries to be feitt & brydillis to the ruiff
1633 Ib. XXVI. 2.
Fluiring nailles for the brydillis … of the caiphous

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"Bridil n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2024 <>



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