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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Brede, Breid, n.2 Also: bred, breyd, breed, bread, braid. [ME. brede, early ME. breade, bræde, OE. brǽde, brǽdu, -o, f. brád Brade a.]

1. Breadth, width. Freq. in phr. of brede.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xiii. 48.
Of al this warld, lynth & bred
1388 Banff Chart. 22.
Of lenthe achttene fal lang and thertene of brede
14.. Acts II. 375/2.
For ilk inch of bred of the wound
1456 Hay I. 45.
The lordschip of Rome is of lenth and brede bot xv mylis
1518 Dunferm. B. Rec. 298.
The brede of the yard efferand to the barne
1525 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 220.
Ane passage … of the brede of ane stand
(b) c1420 Wynt. iii. 946.
To prewe the lenth and breid alsua
14.. Acts I. 109/2.
Tua inch in the lenth and thre inch in the breid
c1475 Wall. iv. 239.
Thre ȝerde of breide … off the wall
1497 Douglas Chart. 166.
Sa fer as the breid of the altar extendis
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 155/25.
The breid of the erth fra south till north
1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 395.
With passage conuenient of saxten fwit of breid
1531 Bell. Boece I. p. xix.
This ile … is mair extendit to the lenth than breid
1535 Stewart 19401.
Thair multitude … , Thair breid, thair lenth
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2729.
Sick breid, abufe the wallis, thare was
1590 Crim. Trials I. 203.
To ryn the breid of nyne rigis
a 1595 Skene Celtic Sc. III. 430.
The Ile of Wist … is of small breid
1608 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 295.
According to the rycht jedge [= gauge] of breid and lenthe
1637 Ann. Banff I. 80.
The wyving of … hardin of a lyik breid
1650 Peebles Gleanings 299.
Witnesses to be led for proving of breid of the said balk
(c) 1582 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 138.
Swaiddin burdis of sic leinth and braid as thai vse to be
(d) 1610 Aberd. B. Rec. II. 300.
Of the [same] hight, bread, and wydnes
1627 Orkney Rentals iii. 37.
The paroche of Hoy … is … of breed ane myle
1641 Acts V. 591/2.
To keip the saides wayes … in thair bread and integritie
1667 Conv. Burghs III. 593.
Vnder the bread of ane elne
1691 Falkirk Par. Rec. II. 30.
Because of the large bounds of breed and length

2. In prepositional phrases. (Cf. of brede above.) a. In brede, in breadth; also rarely, abroad.For in lenth and brede see Lenth n.(1) 1425 Acts II. 12/1.
The ferlote … sal contene in breid … xvj inchys
1438 Ayr Friars Pr. Chart. 48.
Al hale … the forsaid tenement … in bred and lynthe
1497 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 60.
Thair … bastalȝe as it is fondit in breid and lintht
1510 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 196.
Twa rudes and ane half rude … in breid
1532 M. Works Acc. II. 47 b.
Baith in hecht and breid
1587 Acts III. 521/2.
Having tryit … the same [firlot] in deipnes and breid
1589 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 131.
The rudis … tuentie foure futtis in braid
To be biggit in heicht and braid
1641 Acts V. 611/2.
On aither syid of the said water in breid
1691 Falkirk Par. Rec. II. 30.
The paroch … extending in breed from Carrin Water near to St. Lawrence Kirk
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxxii. 338.
That thare ofsprynge mycht grow in brede
1549 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 275.
To remane quhill tha get licence … to pas furth in braid

b. On brede, in breadth or extent; in an open or displayed manner; out from a centre, abroad. Also upon brede. (Cf. Abrede adv.)(1) 1375 Barb. xii. 440.
Ane mekill feld On breid
c1420 Wynt. ix. 3246.
Thretty fute on breid, or mare
1424 Acts II. 8/1.
Seven fut on lenth and seven on breyd
15.. Clar. ii. 6.
Ane brig … Whair that on bread ane man micht pas
(2) c1450-2 Howlat 399.
Ane grene tre … That bure branchis on breid
a1500 Rauf C. 593.
Ane man … Buskit busteously on breid
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 424.
Than lay I furth my … buke on breid on my kne
Id. lxxii. 73.
Quhen he was bendit so on breid
1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 113.
The dasy dyd on breid hir crownell smaill
1535 Stewart 31931.
At the last tha tuke the feild on breid
15.. Clar. v. 665.
Thay oppinnit them on breade upon ane tabil
1560 Rolland Seven S. 150/5.
The barbour causit hir lay furtb on breid That vther arme
a1568 Bann. MS. 229 b/46.
All ȝe flouris … Lay furth ȝour levis vponn breid
(3) c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 74.
To … blaw my bewtie on breid
1513 Doug. ix. viii. 140.
The laif skalyt on brede
1533 Bell. Livy I. 127/9; Ib. II. 48/30.
The abhominabil dede … is divulgate on brede in Rome
c1550 Rolland C. Venus iii. 104.
Thair Nimphis names … Ouid on breid hes blawin
a1568 Scott xxxv. 15.
Quhois workis on braid sall evir spraid

c. Of breid, in breadth or extent. c1550 Rolland C. Venus iii. 690.
He send his spyis … To Jerico, to spy the land of breid

3. With specification of measurement.Frequent in combinations as acre-, elne-, finger-, fur-, fute-, penny-, stra-brede. 1437 Reg. Dunferm. 285.
A gate liand betuix, of fourty fute brede
1583 Elgin Rec. I. 172.
Tua hunderith elnis quhyt cleyth of thre quarter breid
1596 Paisley B. Rec. 176.
To big ane chop of sex quarters breid

4. A single breadth (esp. of cloth). c1450-2 Howlat 27.
The birth that the ground bure was browdin on breidis With girs [etc.]
1506 Treas. Acc. III. 48.
Four schetis … of thre breidis
1561 Inv. Wardrobe 133.
A breid of claith of gold and ane uther of silvir
1578 Ib. 211.
Of claith of silver … contening threttie lang breidis, sevin schort breidis [etc.]
1587 Edinb. Test. XVIII. 71 b.
Four breidis of schorne wark
1653 Soc. Ant. XXIII. 302.
Two pair of fustiane blanketts containing three breeds

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"Brede n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 Jun 2024 <>



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