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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Brede, Breid, Braid, n.1 Also: bred, breyd(e, breed, bride; braed, bread. [ME. brede, breed(e, bred, OE. bréad.]

1. Bread. (See also Ate-, Bere-brede, etc.)(a) a1400 Leg. S. i. 49.
Bred and water wes his fude
Ib. xviii. 104.
In vatyre & brede
c1420 Wynt. vii. 3621.
Away wes sons off ale and brede
Ib. 487.
In his hand a pes off brede He had
14.. Acts I. 32/2.
Nane aldirman … sall bake brede … to sell
1456 Hay I. 161/18.
A sely pece of brede but ony kychyn
1485 Liber Coll. Glasg. 198.
Witht brede and chese to the collacioune
1513 Doug. vii. ii. 22.
The paryngis of thar bred
1562 Reg. Cupar A. I. 363.
For thair sustentatioun, brede and drink
1578 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 68.
The outlandis strang beggaris … to be keipit vpoun breed and watter
1642 St. A. Baxter Bks. 110.
To baik two sindrie kyndis of bred
1653–7 Irvine Mun. II. 256.
A chopin of wyne … and sume bride
1685 St. A. Baxter Bks. 47 note.
Whatsomever frieman … that sells breed
(b) c1420 Wynt. iv. 2081.
Owte off thare breyde Thare brystyd owt the blud all rede
1442 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 9.
That the balyeis keipe the assise of breide
c1420 Ratis R. 1133.
To mak … Of brokin breid a schip saland
c1475 Wall. ii. 313.
My self sall neuir eit breid
1497 Dunferm. B. Rec. 77.
The balyeis has deleuerit the pays off breid
1533 Gau 27/24.
Onder the forme of breid and vine
1549 Compl. 26/18.
Ȝe sal eyt ȝour breyde in suficiens
Ib. 43/4.
Thai hed na breyd bot ry caikis and fustean skonnis
1566 Reg. Privy C. I. 492.
The Personis of Glasgow hes alwayis bene in use to furneis breid
1596 Dalr. I. 98/6.
Thay haue verie lytle vse of breid
1614 Mar & Kellie MSS. 71.
Of breid, callit baikis, 2800
1639 St. A. Baxter Bks. 106.
Lichtlieand … the said Thomas breid
1661–2 Irvine Mun. II. 264.
Sewgor and breid
(c) 1546 Knox I. 159.
A peice of braid backin upone the aschis
1569 St. A. Kirk S. 320.
As my body is nuresed be braed and wyne
1580 Treas. Acc. MS. 28.
Ane polk to keip his hienes braid into
1585 Reg. Privy C. III. 751.
A manis ordinar melteth of braid and aill
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. Prayer 12.
I am the liuing braid, that gif ony eat of this braid, he sal liue for euer
1633 S. Leith Rec. 23.
For the braid for the poore

b. Attrib. with malis (rents). 1545 Stirling Ant. IV. 219.
[Lady Orrok, to pay] for breid malis to the said Robert his ludging

2. A loaf (or single cake) of bread.Frequently as plural without -is.(a, b) c1420 Wynt. vi. 1991.
That bred He gawe the batwartis him to lede
1526 Acts II. 305/1.
His expensis extending daly to xiiij score of breid
1562-3 Winȝet I. 84/24.
Quhy vse ȝe at ȝour communioun … thre coupis and mony breidis
1567 Chalmers Mary I. 178.
Imprimis, daylie xiiij gret bred. To the lavander iij gret bred. Summa of bred, lix gret bred
1575–6 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 96.
My daylie ordinare wes … a pynt of aill, ane breid
1615 3rd Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 413/1.
At supper … ane qwart of aill and ane breid
1653 Peebles B. Rec. II. 194.
To the … sixe masones … and three workmen, nyne pynts of aill and nyne bred
1655 Ib. 33.
Tua breid to each man
(c) 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 284.
Ane quart aill and thre mane braid
1590 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 394.
For ane galloun off aill and twa braid tane vp to the stepill to the … wrychtis
1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 293.
This benediction of thir fyue braid for a temporal vse
(d) 1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 7.
Ilk ane of thayme ane bread
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 134.
Ane bread, the price of ane halfe pennie
1624 Peebles B. Rec. 411.
For tua bread to Makwat quhen he scoirgit Cleirrie
1650 Ib. 422.
Two bread and ane chappin of aill

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"Brede n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Apr 2024 <>



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