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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Bere, Beir, n.2 Also: ber, beire, beyr, bier, bijr, birre, beer, bear(e, beair; bair(e, bayr. [ME. and OE. bere.] Barley. Brede of bere, = Bere-brede.(a) a1400 Leg. S. i. 426.
Petir … bad ger bring hym bred of bere
Ib. xxvii. 988.
He socht to saw thare bere and ry
1388 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 294.
Land to the sawing of sex ferlotis of bere
c1420 Wynt. vii. 3615.
A boll off bere for awcht or ten [pennies] In comowne prys sawld wes then
1456 Misc. Bann. C. III. 97.
The bere, quheyt, and yrn, he tuk fra my childyr in Abyrden
1479 Acta Conc. 25/1.
The wrangwis withhalding of … x bollis of bere
1493 Crosraguel Chart. I. 57.
Extending in the hale to xxviij bollis of mele and ber
1513 Doug. xii. Prol. 77.
The cornys croppis and the beris new brerd
1546 Reg. Cupar A. II. 35.
Fyftyne bollis ane pec of gude sufficient bere for thair ferme of the samyn
1604 Misc. Hist. Soc. II. 245.
Fayftine chalders vituall, tua pert mell and thrid pert ber
(b) 1450 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 135.
The said Johnne sal pay … a boll of beir yheirly
1456 Misc. Bann. C. III. 93.
In grangeys, xxiiij chaldyr of beyr
Ib. 94.
The Vicar … had … all the beir that I had grouand in Tayn
1504–5 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I. 50.
For the spoliacioun … of … fyve thraiff of beir
1535 Stewart 30004.
He … With breid of beir and cald water wes fed
1549 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 434.
Ane pek guid and sufficient beyr
1570 Peebles B. Rec. 320.
For the inlaik of the proffit of his … yard, ane boll beir
1583 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 467.
For kaill, candle, and knocked beir, … He never payis ane penny
1596 Dalr. I. 57/27.
The Ile called Leuis … [has] plentie of beir and aites
1614 Lett. Eccl. Affairs I. 340.
Comptand ane last and ane half last to ane chalder of beir
1659-60 Hay Diary 142.
I … saw my nighbour begin to lead in his beer
1671 Wodrow MSS. 4to XXXVII. No. 7.
One of them lost a chader of meell, bier, and grots
(c) 1521 Montgomery Mem. 93.
Twelf bollis of bair
1547 Reg. Cupar A. II. 45.
v bollis … sufficient baire for ferme and teind thairof
1559 Black Bk. Taymouth 129.
The feyr [price] of maill and bayr xl s.
1564 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 8 b.
Sex bollis sex pectis bair, gud and sufficient stuff
1633 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 154.
The said Catrein … cam in … to puik sum bair
(d) 1549 Treas. Acc. IX. 282.
Ane chalder of bear, price of the boll xls.
1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 86.
Thow was apprehendit … steilling … greyn growand bear
1614 Crim. Trials III. 325.
That Robert sould send the Erllis creare, laidnit with beare and salt goodis, to Brein, in Norroway
1633 Misc. Spald. C. V. 220.
Quhatsumewir tenant … happinis to sell beair or aitis
1652 Lamont Diary 43.
About Dundie in Angus, ther was beare stowked
1692 Misc. B. Rec.100.
Eight or ten of the inhabitants trading in bear and maill

b. Attrib. with bonnok, caff, crop, knoking, lafe (loaf), mesour, schefe, shilling, stak, ȝard. c1520-c1535 Nisbet N. T. I. 12.
Jesus feade fyfe thousand men with fyue beare laiffis
Id. John vi. 9.
A child is here, that has five bere laaues
a1568 Pedder C. 28.
Beir bonnokkis with thame thay tak
1594 Edinb. Test. XXVI. 292.
I leif to William Mure my kyndnes & possessioun of the beir ȝaird
1612 Crim. Trials III. 220.
Ane beir stak, contening tuelf schevis of beir
1619 Edinb. Test. L. 213 b.
Ane morter stane for beirknoking with ane mell
1627 Dumfries Test. I. a. 139 b.
Extending to twelffe bollis beir meassour
1659-60 Hay Diary 128.
That John Broun should caray away his beer crop
1661 Lanark B. Rec. 187.
To stand … with ane beir sheiff on hir bak
1672 Forbes Baron Ct. 289.
He aleigis that … Walker did stolln his beir shilling in the mill of Barflat
1695 Foulis Acc. Bk. 174.
For bear calfe to the kye

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"Bere n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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