A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Wed, Wod, Wad, n.1 Also: wede, weid, wedd, ved(e, vedde, wode, woid, wood, vod(e, wadd(e, wade, waid, vad(e, (wadge). Pl. also widdis. [ME and e.m.E. wedde (Layamon), wed (a1225), wedd (Cursor M.), wade (1665), OE wed(d, ON ved.]
1. A pledge or promise guaranteeing an outcome, as, salvation, marriage, etc.; the thing given as a guarantee. b. A token more generally.
That tre For oure sawete one quhi[l]k vas He Put, & His blud schede, & for ws put nane vthir wed; Leg. S. xviii 624.
Remanis ay the forsad ryng One the fyngire Of that ymag of vad of weding; Leg. S. xli 400.
‘All that I haue vtarly … Body and hart … To leif in ostage with ȝow' … 'I hald me payit' said that shene, ‘Quhare sic ane weid is left, I wene Men aucht to mak na mismaying … of courtes paying; Alex. ii 6871.
And thar salbe na mark nor na terme of his kingdom (and he sal mak it stabile) in the wed of beleue; Nisbet Ep. Ald Test. xv 42.
Outher ane vad to bring away Or ellis my lyf to be forlorne; Sir Colling 66.
b. In faith, with me a wed thar most abide … In to gret scorn … The taillis all off thai four hors thai schayr; Wall. v 744.
No token hade he left behinde As now this wedd it laye: Then counting it sume heauenlie gift [etc.]; James VI Poems II 84/88.
2. A pledge, a thing (rarely, a person) deposited as security in a (legal) transaction or a guarantee of the fulfilment of an obligation. Also proverb.
The proverb. example may include, in the second instance, a pun on Weg(g)e n. 3.
Gif ony man … myssayis the aldirman … it behufis hym … to nyte it … sayand that he leyit … layande a wede [L. cum vadimonio] in his wyl; Acts I 41/2.
Gif in the kepyng of him the wede be made wers; Reg. Maj. c. 111.
The haly spreit … is the manere of a gage and wede, to mak ws sure and sekyre of oure heretage; Irland Mir. I 27/35.
To the pinour to bring the weddis fra the blak freris; 1498 Edinb. Hammermen 24b.
Reseruand to the said Erle the waddis of the said forest; 1508 Misc. Spald. C. IV 193.
Jonet Bryden to paye ix d. … and to rasayf hir wod als gud as it was deliverit; 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 54.
[To] keip still in his handis the silver weddis [pertaining to the Queen]; 1524 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 200.
Quhare of he hes ressauit fyve li. of money … in Willem Mylnis hand by the wad dependant vnprysit; 1551 Dundee B. Ct. II 50b (17 April).
My buke to borrow … scho did inquyre Ane wed thairfoir scho said scho wald doun lay Quhill scho it red; Rolland Seven S. Prol. 85.
Gudis and landis ar sumtimes lent and borrowit under sickernes of ane wad: And it is to wit, that sum thingis ar laid in wad to ane certane day [etc.]; Balfour Pract. 194.
As tueiching your woddis, I deliuerit thame to the cadger except thrie pece of gold; 1582 Waus Corr. 252.
They … vald not geif hir to lous for vod nor cautioun; c1590 Fraser Wigtown 392.
Because he entered not his pledges, at the day assigned to him, … he him selfe was pledge; that therefore he sall giue wades to the King, vntill he be payed and satisfied. And gif he may not giue wades according to the Kings will; he sall remaine as wade: aye and quhill he enter the pledges, quhilkis he promised; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 18.
Wadde, vadium, in Latine pignus, consists in things moveable, or immoveable [etc.]; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 104 (Table).
Wedds and gadges Taken from widows; Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1681) i 77.
Fand Edmound Lowson law borch that [etc.] … for a certane of widdis that is for to sai ij siluer potis & j gold ryng quhilkis the said Alexander Chawmeris fader laid … in vede; 1454–5 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i 226 (18 March).
proverb. Ane fair wed naver shamed the maister; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 179.
I sall cal ane other wadge on your tales nor a wadge of grein cheise; Carmichael Prov. No. 862.
b. The process of underwriting a debt in this way.
[She] hes actionem pignoratitiam for repetitioun of the said wod as scho may of the law efter payment of the det; 1559–60 Soc. Ant. XI 522.
Gif … the rentis of the landis, or ony uther thing laid in wad, sall not acquyte the principal debt, the said … appointment is unjust and unhonest, and is callit died wad. And … it is repute and haldin as ane kind of ocker; Balfour Pract. 196.
Drowned wadd; Skene Reg. Maj. (Latin) ii 114b.
c. To lay, tak, have, etc. in (to) wed, to give or accept such a pledge. Also fig.
Also, once, laid wed.
(1) Me, John Stewart … tie hafe wedset, and laide in wed al my landis; 1396 Bk. Carlaverock II 418.
Tyl haf wede set and in mouabil wede tyl haf latyng … al my landis; 1422 Stirlings of Keir 208.
Me … til haf put in wede til my lowyt … frend … al the landis of [etc.]; ?1423 (1430) Reg. Great S. 38/2.
Thingis … lent or laid in wed; Acts I 356/2.
Twa chandleris off siluer … layd in wed; 1454 Coll. St. Salvator 161.
The balȝeis … sal buy or get in wed, als meikle annuale als thai may get … with the said soume of twenty punds; 1454 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 2 Aug.
1454–6 Aberd. B. Rec. MS V i 226 (18 March) (see 2 (b) above).
That na induellande of this burgh … tak in wed ony gudis that Wat Cutlaris wife bryngis; 1460 Aberd. B. Rec. I 405.
Wilȝam sall … joysse the said landis … quhill he pay him the soume that thai ly in wed for; 1467 Acta Aud. 6/2.
We grant ws to haue resawit in wed for the sowme of fyfty pundis … ane chene of gold; 1478 Reg. Morton II 243.
Til Andro Wod, quhilk he had gevin away at the kingis command, and had the thesauraris signet in wed tharof, xv halfe rois nobillis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 98.
Quhilk he gafe her in wed of a quart of aile; 1503 Prestwick B. Rec. 37.
He resavand … the mone it lyis in wed of now; 1515 Fam. Rose 186.
Wedd; 1530 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 28.
Gif ever the necessitie … sall sa requyre ye sall offer to lay youreself in uedde thaire; 1601 Mackie Denmilne MSS 36.
(b) Four punds for the quhilk it was laid in wod be the said John Welch; 1522 Dumfries B. Ct. 42a.
Jhone Freir … hes lait ane caldreon in wod to James Braidfut for tua bollis of beir; 1527 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 85.
I had this blak hors in vod of xx s.; 1535 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 158.
He tuk ane plaid of voll in vode of etting corne; 1538 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 200.
For the quhilk the said Janet hes ane pot in vod; 1541–2 Elgin Rec. I 67.
The sayd merkland … in vod & pyngneratioun of xl merkis of mone; 1549 Prot. Bk. J. Crawford 28b.
For the quhilk the said Sanct Peteris challeis lay to him in wod; 1561 Stirling B. Rec. I 78.
Woid; 1592 Edinb. Test. XXIV 124a.
(c) Vad; 1540 Linlithgow B. Ct. 15 Oct.
Quhilk chenyie [he] … laid in wad to Sir James Cosour; 1549–50 Stirling B. Rec. I 59.
Quhilk rig lyis in wad of ane soum of monie; 1568–9 Lanark B. Rec. 43.
Sum thingis ar laid in deid, or drownit wad; Balfour Pract. 194.
He delyuerit ane to Jeane Reid … in wad of ane saiddill; 1601 Crim. Trials II 355.
Scho hes ane pair blak cloukis in vade; 1611 Dunblane Test. III 119a.
Næ hostillare … may tak of men of wearis vapynnis … in gadge or wad; Bisset II 236/14.
(2) He that sald his swerd, or laid it to wed, was degradit of auctorite; Bell. Boece I lvii.
All that was lefte of the juelles unlayde to wed; 1573 Inv. Q. Mary cliii.
(3) The some of viij Henre nobles quhilk … was wissilit and changit be the said Johne and nocht laid wed; 1483 Acta Conc. II cxxx.
fig. Ȝit felle Sothron left the lyff to wed; Wall. iv 633.
He his lyf suld lay in wed To mak him hele; Seven S. 1201.
Seuin times furth I was led To the gallous to leif my life in wed; Rolland Seven S. 10656.
I doubt not but faith and love is left in Machling, in wode of hardheidis, whair mony of your merchandis leivis thaire faith; 1571 Bann. Memor. 139.
As to my soone Jaems … altho itt is treu his affaers heir requyres his presens, yitt ye may lay him in vad of your denner, as the auld proverb is; 1627 Mar & Kellie MSS Suppl. 244.
3. In asseverations: I (dar) lay wede, my hed to wed, I wager, I bet, let my head (life) be in pledge.
(1) Lat Symon [etc.]; … And ȝe sal se, I lay wede, The fendis craft son onhyde; Leg. S. i 488.
Ane mychty man … Durst nocht derene, I dar la wed; Alex. ii 7230.
I dar la wode, Within schort quhile that [etc.]; Stewart 16770.
(2) My hed to wed, Lochlewyn he past to se; Wall. ix 1209.
‘Get vp,’ scho said ‘for schame be na cowart. My heid in wed, thow hes ane wyifes hart’; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1937.
Wedfe, a wager; a prize in a competition. Wad-keeper, one who keeps or renders a pledge. Only fig. Wedmen, = next. Wedwyf, a (female) pawnbroker, esp. one who takes in pledge or deals in clothing and household linen.
To Dande Doule, that the king tynt on ane wedfee, xiiij s.; 1504–5 Treas. Acc. III 128.
He exerciset the gowf, and oftymes past to Barry lynkes, quhan the wadfie vos for drink; c1563 Reg. Panmure I xxxii.
Thair was gret bonespellis, matches and wedfeis betuix the Scottismen and the Inglismen in sindre gammes; Leslie 238.
The caus was onelie for winning of ane wodfie maid betwix him and Thomas Rannald; 1593 Logie Par. Hist. I 39.
Shute on; lat sie vho first my wedfie w[ins]; For I will wed ane apple and a nute; Montg. Sonn. xlvi 7.
Sleep na mair in sleuth and sin, Bot … richtly rin That hevinly wedfie for to win Vhilk He prepairs for His; Montg. Devot. P. iii 7.
Woodfie; 1620 Old Dundee I 408.
For … preisung to tack ane kis frome ane maried woman perforce vpon ane wadfye; 1646 Rec. Old Aberd. II 21.
Johne Scott for ane wodfie fastit fourtie dayis; Chron. Kings 86.
— Conscience … is a faithfull wad-keeper; the gages that it receiveth it renders; R. Bruce Serm. 175.
— Wedmen; 1697 Edinb. B. Rec. XII 215 (see next).
— It is forbidden that ony wed wyffis … tak or lay ony maner of weddis belangand to ony maner of clayth kind; 1505 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 106.
The wedewif to be deschargit her office, and all that hes ony veds of hyr to cum to the bailȝes and schaw quhat thai haif and quairon it lies; 1536 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 23 Jan.
Wodwyff; 1539 Soc. Ant. II 392.
Fyve ellis of chammelot acclamit be Gelis Lin vpon Mege Air vedvyf; 1553 Dundee B. Ct. II 235 (3 July).
Christein Hay … is elactit and chosin wodwyffe quha hes gewin and maid hir ayth off fidelitie, And the foirsaidis bailȝeis ordanis that na vther persone within this burgh vse ony sic vocatioun; 1573 Crail B. Ct. 16 Oct.
Proclamatioun … discharging all maner of wed wyffis, and vther personis vsing that kynd of trafique, of vsing thairof; 1574 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 29.
That na wedwyffes, husseis, or any kynd of persouns, men or wemen be fund … cumand to ony nichtbouris howssis to offer … any clayth paytlets, slevis, gownis, clething, bedding, naiprie [etc.] … to be exchayngeit, gevin sawld or layet in wed; 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 445.
Elspeth Macnair, wadwife in Edinburgh; 1596 Edinb. Test. I 181.
That nane of the wedvywes sell throw the toune any clothes, old or new; 1647 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 83.
That all wedmen and wedwives be discharged … for the encouradgment of the said office to fie or hyre any servants whatsomever for money; 1697 Edinb. B. Rec. XII 215.
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"Wed n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 Jan 2022 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/wed_n_1>
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