A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XII).
Wecht, Weicht, n.1 Also: wech(tt, wechte, wechgt, weght, weth(t, vecht, veg(c)ht, veȝht, uecht, weichtt, wei(h)t, weith, weigh(t, vei(ch)t, wey(c)ht, weyght, veycht, vey(ch)th, veyght, weaght, waicht, waight, way(ch)t, wayght, waecht, waiaigh, va(i)cht, wicht, wight, wycht, vycht, wyght, woucht. [ME and e.m.E. iwichte (a1200), wihte (c1200), wehhte (Orm), weiht, weght (both Cursor M.), wyght, weyghte (both Chaucer), weight (c1400), wegh (1443), weyth (1479), wayght (1539), OE wiht, MDu., MLG wicht, ON vétt, vǽtt.]
1. The relative heaviness of a material object; the impetus created by the movement of a (heavy) object. Also worth (worthy) one's waight in (of) gold and of great weyght, equal in weight, down-weight (= of less weight).(1) 1375 Barb. xvii 693.
The gynour … wappyt out the stane That ewyn towart the lyft is gane And with gret wecht syne duschit doun a1400 Leg. S. xxii 756.
A chalyce … That fore the wecht had erys twa a1500 Henr. Fab. 2118.
That hering … at the creill mouth I had it thryis … The wecht off it neir tit my tuskis out a1500 Henr. Fab. 2414.
In the bukket lap the loun; His wecht … the vther end gart ryis 1513 Doug. v vii 70, 84.
Al thar harnes and braseris … Of weght ful huge … Bot … Eneas Pasys thar weght als lychtly as a fas 1533 Bell. Livy I 33/28.
The Sabinis had goldin brochis of grete wecht apoun thare left arme 1535 Stewart 50589.
For birth and wecht hir furing wes so hie … scho [sc. a galley] sank 1562-3 Winȝet II 53/6, 8.
In deid quhen euery noueltie springis out, fra hand is persauit the wecht of the corne and lychtnes of the caf; than without gret difficultie is it blawin out of the barn fluir, quhilk without wecht wes haldin within the samyn 1587-99 Hume 55/113.
Great ordinance … Crosbowes of waight 1631 Justiciary Cases I 168.
Be the violence of the quhilk fall and wecht of his body upone the said Jon his rycht leg was brokin 1635 Lundie Poems 5.
Th' vnveering vaicht of the first moving sphear(2) a1500 Sir Eger 1154 (P).
He is worth to her his waight in gold 1569–70 Wode's Psalter in Soc. Ant. VII 449.
Thir fyue bukes wer worthy thair wayght of gould(3) 1594 Cal. Sc. P. XI 326.
Ane pakit of great weyght, which we juge to be gould 1653 Binning Wks. (1841) 246.
God … hath put the soul of man in the balance to find something equal in weight of dignity and worth; and when all that is in heaven and earth is put in the other scale, the soul is down-weight by far
b. Weight or mass as one of the principles of the universe. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1674.
All creature he maid for the behufe … In number, wecht, and dew proportioun 1587-99 Hume 19/61.
A … microcosme be number and be waight, Be measour, and proportion iuste, he maid erect and straight
c. attrib. Wechte broddis, the seat boards of a clock, perhaps viewed as supporting its weight. (A reference to the clock weights is unlikely as pais (Pais n.2 3 b) is the usual term.) 1586 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 264.
iiij wain Scotis to be the wechte broddis onder the orlage
2. A quantity (of something) referred to by way of its weight. c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1885.
The samyn wecht of gold c1420 Wynt. iii 764.
As he wes wandland off his wecht His yharne sponnyn resawand And towe to spynyng delyverand 1513 Doug. i vi 93.
He … Vnder the erth quhar ald hurdis hyd lay, Of siluer and gold revelit a huge weght 1596 Dalr. II 248/14.
In thir balis … incloset was mekle and a gret waicht of golde 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1671) 128.
I know not the weight of the pension the king will give me 1641-8 Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 16.
For mandes and cring the veghts abord 5 s.
c. The weight or heaviness (of something); a quantity (of goods or commodities) specified by their weight in some denomination of weight, or by some relation to such a weight. Also, the weight laid down for a particular commodity. Cf. Pais n.2 Also attrib.(a) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. 1526.
Golyas Quhais speir heid wecht thre hundreth vnces was 1529 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 17.
At thai keip the wecht and pais of the ii d. laif and iiij penny laif of quheit breid of the wecht of Leith 1550–1 Dundee B. Ct. II 28 (12 Jan.).
Ane stane & ane half of vegcht of pelder 1560 Rolland Seven S. 48.
Thay wald gar ane pound of meltit leid Bring thame againe the wecht of golde 1597 Household Bks. Jas. VI and Anne I 23 Feb.
This dayis breid rebatitt for nocht being wecht 1616–17 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 65.
For casting laying thecking and furnesing wecht for wecht of 276 stane 7 lib. of leid 1638 Stirling B. Rec. I 179.
That the baxteris … furnes the toun with aitt breid maid in leaves or bapes of the wecht or paise … sett doun … in this counsall buik 1639 Cochran-Patrick Coinage I lxi.
He tooke a litle of the silver … quhich … he weighed thairof to the quantitie and weght of this litle indefinite weght quhich represented 12 deniers 1646 Edinb. Test. LXII 75a.
Twa hundereth and sevine loafs of Maillie succour weyand of cleane wecht vij st. xxxvj lib. wecht(b) 1497 Halyb. 129.
For the clath … weit 7c 10 nallis 1497 Halyb. 134.
6 pokis off Newcastall woyll … the prissis and veyth … standis in the Jornal in the 48 layff 1498 Halyb. 206.
Veit 1508 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 2.
Twa bellis contenand in veicht twenty ane hundreth pund weicht 1644 Army of the Covenant II 327.
870 bolls Louthian measur weycht 200 lb. the boll 1674 Inverness Rec. II 259.
To be exchanged with ane wthr bell of alse good weicht and mettall as the towns bell 1680 Blackness Customs 5b.
Ane ball maider weycht nyne hundretht & fyftie pund(c) 1498 Halyb. 236.
To set it [sc. the wool] to 7c 5 stan to the vycht of the laif 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 54.
Ȝour pais … of xii uns to be kepit of the pennebred, under the payne of cheten … quhar it beis fund of les wycht 1640 Aberd. Council Lett. II 206.
Tuelff thousand pund wicht of biscott bread(d) 1525 Stirling B. Rec. I 25.
That tha [sc. cakes] be sufficient stoufe, and hald the woucht, and quhen the pec of meil is coft for vj d. that the penny kake be ane pund wouchtattrib. 1661 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 14.
[Four guns one weighing 1535 lbs. [etc.] … and the fourth] of that same mule without weight mark
d. Be (by) wecht. 1450 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 12.
That all merchands fra hyne furth sell irne … be wecht 1531–2 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 105.
Ressavit be wecht and nowmer be the said Schir James vm lxxxx of skailye 1595 Skene in Misc. Stair Soc. I 141.
The said victuall, malt, meill and beir, quhilk is delyverit be wecht, being comparit with the mesour of Scotland will extend to icxx chalder 1596 Dalr. I 18/8.
The pure gather the sand, quhilke … thay sell to him quha is maistir of warke, be waicht a1597-1617 Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 103.
The tymber … to be sauld … be the weght 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 345.
All yarne to be sauld be weicht 1697 Dundee B. Laws 561.
Small pryces for liting particullarly for litting by weight such as small fingrin searges which will taick four ell to ane pund 1698 Argaty Baron Ct. 29 Jan.
The complent … againest the … tennentis … for selling and buying of meall and malt by measure and not by weight
e. Gudis of wecht, goods sold by weight. 1425 Acts II 10/2.
Thare salbe ordanit half a stane a quarter [etc.] … accordande therto with the quhilkis al byaris ande sellaris of gudis within the realme sall by ande sell all gudis of wecht & with nane vther wechtis
f. As applied to coins: The correct or lawful weight (of gold or silver) for any particular coin. Also of (and) wecht (of gold wecht), = up to weight, of the correct weight.(l) 1451 Acts II 40/1 (see (2)). 1487–8 Acts II 182/2.
To ger tak knaulage … geif the money kepis wecht and fynance 1505 Treas. Acc. II 243.
Franch crownis quhilk held the wecht 1505 Treas. Acc. II 244.
Franch crownes quhilk held nocht wecht 1540 Acts II 373/2.
The croune of the sone is commounlie refusit … it wantand ane grane of the wecht 1584 Acts III 311/1.
For remeid of wecht alsweill havie as licht vpoun everie merk wecht of the said money passand the irnis 1632 Aberd. Council Lett. I 360.
The diminitione of the money from ellevin to ten deneris fyne for the fynnes of the small money can not be callit abasing therof becaus the pryce of gold and silver strickin in grit peices of money … remane in the intrinsecall goodness weght and pryce 1682 Edinb. City Archives McLeod's Bundle 39.
For securitie of the weight of the money coyned in this kingdome wee alwayes haveing a pyle of weight in our cunȝiehouse(2) 1451 Acts II 40/1.
Ane new penny of golde callit a lyone … haldande the samyn wecht of the half Inglis nobil ande at the said lyon be nocht takyn in payment bot gif it hald the ful wecht of the said half Inglis nobil … Ande the half lyone of wecht and of fynes therefter haf cours for iij s. iiij d. 1498 Halyb. 143.
Rasauit … in go[l]d of wycht 23 lyonis [etc.] 1505 Treas. Acc. III 55.
jc Franch crounis of wecht 1506 Treas. Acc. III 203.
Item, to Andro Stewart … xx Franch crounis of wech [prob. erron. for wecht] … Item, to Johne de Scotia … xx Franch crounis of wecht, summa xiiij li. 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 364.
Ane ducat of wecht to gilt the knop of the goblatis 1507 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 709.
The sowme of ane hundreth crounis of gold wecht c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 121/78.
Unicornis and crownis of wecht 1515 Reg. Privy S. I 403/2.
Four hundryth ducatis of gold of wecht lent to hym 1524 Acts XII 41/1.
The gold sall have comone course … the Hary noble of weiht for xlb … the Scottis demy of wecht xviijb 1527 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 88.
Weycht 1535 Maxwell Mem. I 264.
Twenty crownis of the sone and wecht 1540 Lynd. Sat. 2856.
The gould of weicht thay leid out of the land 1591 Acts III 527/1.
The dowbill ducat of wecht sex pundis 1591 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 140.
To bring me hame myln rayis of gold and wecht 1630 Aberd. Council Lett. I 325.
The soume of ten thousand pundis in gold and weycht
g. Applied to gold or silver artifacts, in sense c or f above.(a) 1579 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 113.
That ane copburde of syluer, ourgiltt of weichtt vnderwrittin be maid … viz. ane basene and ane lawer weyhand vjxx vnces [etc.] 1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 175a.
Summa of the particullar wecht of the persellis of the silvir wark quhilk I have c1650 Spalding I 317.
Proclamatioun … chargeing all maner of man … within the schirefdome … to deliuer thair siluer wark, vpon securitie for repayment of the price, according to the wecht thairof 1660 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 195.
To caus mack ane badge of silver … and that the said badge be of weght, quantitie, and forme of the badge givin … to George Godsman(b) 1587-99 Hume 56/131.
Their goldsmith wark and vessells of great waight
h. Further examples of specific denominations.See also Angel n. 3 b attrib., Drop wecht n., Hundreth-wecht n., Last n.1 1, Lispund n. comb., Mark n.2 1, Penny-wecht n., Pund n.1 2, Quarter-weycht n., Stane wecht n., Unce n.1 comb.(a) 1497 Treas. Acc. I 314.
iij pund wecht foure vnce … of gold 1508 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 2.
Weicht 1526 Acta Conc. Publ. Aff. 249.
For every mark of silver of the fynas of xi penny wicht 1529–30 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 28.
Veght 1542 Acts & Decr. I 141.
Ane kebboc of cheis of xxij li. weycht 1548 Banff Ann. I 23.
Wy[ch]t 1552 Dundee B. Ct. II 147b (8 April).
Wechgt 1608 Tailor's Acc. Bk. 61a.
For another boultis of … Italienis weand … xiij droop wecht 1642 Cochran-Patrick Coinage II 69.
The lords … ordains rex dollers to have course … for 54 s. the same being alwayes 15 dropt weight 1555–6 Edinb. B. Rec. II 230.
Vtheris baxteris … sall eik ane vnce weycht for ilk penny to the quantite foirsaid 1559–60 Soc. Ant. XI 521.
Scho hes recouerit agane of the said chenye xxj vnces ane croune wecht les 1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. II 160.
The … lange gutter of leid … contenit xxxvj stane xij lib. wecht 1596 Stirling Chart. 223.
With libertie to tak twa pennyeis of the laid and twa pennyeis vecht 1597 Bk. Rates 2b.
Brunstane the hundreth wecht, v li. 1627 Edinb. Test. LIV 42b.
jc wecht of litster gallis ?1641 Irvine Mun. II 51.
Anent maistiris … of schypis that thay giff no les nor 2000 weght for ilk tune of moirtchairge as madir and allum or ony uther deid weght 1657 E. Loth. Antiq. Soc. II 49.
Wayt(b) 1568–9 Cal. Sc. P. II 636.
[Having 20,000] weith of mettall [ … that it might be cast with her highnes ordnance]
3. The weighing (of goods), esp. in collocation with Mesur(e n. 1. Also fig. 14.. Acts I 34/2.
Of men doand falset in wecht and mesure 14.. Acts I 364/2.
Of fals wecht and mesur 1573-1600 King Cat. in Cath. Tr. 214/24.
To vse falset in buying, selling … in veicht or mesure 1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 47b.
Ane debt is aweand; quhen ane man lennes to ane other, sic ane thing, quhilk consistes in number (as sheip, nolt, or silver) or in wecht (as things quhilk are ponderat and weyed) or in measure (as wine, victuall)fig. 1637 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 489.
I think Christ had ever good cause … to put us on His merits, that we might bear weight
4. The system according to which goods are weighed; a particular system. Cf. sense 5. See also Tron(e n. and Trois adj.(a) 14.. Acts I 12/2.
It is statut be the kyng David that a common and evyn wecht [Skene Reg. Maj. ii 39b, equall weicht] [the quhilk is callit the wecht Cathan [L. pondus Cathanie; Skene Reg. Maj. ii 39b, the weicht of Cathnes]] be kepit in bying and selling 1519 Dumfries B. Ct. 12a.
xxiiij off woll of crois wecht 1529 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 17 (see 2 c above). 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144. 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 234.
The baillies to sycht the saidis stanis [sc. stone, halfstone, pound, etc.] and se the saidis stanis reformit conforme to the statutis of Edinburgh and quhat elnis of claith suld be payit of wowen and lynning be the said wecht 1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 181b.
Veychth 1564–5 Rec. Earld. Orkney 275.
Thre melis malt sufficient stuff on the auld pundar for weycht in Holme 1639 Aberd. B. Rec. III 150.
For twa pund of pulder, Inglis weycht 1649 Peebles Gleanings 283.
The deane-of-gild to tak ordour with the wechtis and speciallie the trois wechtis, and that the merchantis sall haif trone pund and trone half-pund [etc.] … and that nane sell ony wairis bot be the trone wecht except ane unce wecht 1654 Peebles B. Rec. II 22.
The act … anent … wecht be Linlithgow(b) 1575 Orkney Oppress. 7.
The auld weigh of the bismyre and pondlar of Orkney
5. As a count noun, chiefly pl.a. A system of weighing consisting of a number of denominations of weight. Cf. sense 4. b. An instance of weighing (goods). Cf. sense 3. c. The object, regulated as to heaviness, with which goods are weighed. Also attrib.See also Mesur(e n. 3 c, Pund n.1 2 b, Stane wecht n. and Widder wecht n.a., b., c. 14.. Acts I 364/2.
Gif ony be convickit of fals mesur and veȝhtis 1456 Hay I 115/1.
Als till him it efferis to ger kepe the mesuris and wechtis amang merchandis, that his men be nocht dissavit in the sellyng of lyfing to thame c1490 Irland Asl. MS 70/14.
Byand gud chape and selland our dere be fals wechtis or fals mesouris ?c1500 Rathen Manual 27/2.
All thai that vilfullye haldis vrangvis veichttis mettis or mesouris 1511 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 133.
Thair commoun wechtis wer mynnist, becaus thay war to lairge agane the law; … yit still and sua the strangeris passis to thame and abusis the commoun wechtis 1511–12 Reg. Privy S. I 363/1.
Anent the using of ony wechtis or mesouris as stane pundis, ballancis, pyntis [etc.] 1518 Edinb. B. Rec. I 179.
The saidis gudis … nocht being brocht to the said principale frie burgh and weyit witht the kingis wechtis 1519 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 51.
The quest hes seit the profet of the samyn [sc. tron] to James Bradfut … And quhat expens that James make thairupone anentis waechtis … to be inlowit as pament of the said sum 1531 Reg. Privy S. II 129/1.
The office of incasting of the wechtis at the Trone of Edinburgh 1534 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 144.
Ane veiff baux vith the veychtis … ane leid stane, ane stane of trois veycht vith ballandis 1536 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 76.
viij stanis wecht and vther small wechtis 1552 Dundee B. Ct. II 171b (13 July).
Ane pare of Flandris balkis with the breddis & vegchttis of leid ane half stane twa pund & ane pund 1555 Acts II 496/2.
That na burgh haue ane wecht to by with and ane vther to sell different in wecht thairfra bot that all wechtis mesuris and mettis for bying and selling to be vniuersall baith to burgh and to land 1556 Peebles B. Rec. I 234.
To reforme all the wobstaris wechtis baith stane, half stane [etc.] … to be maid with ringnis and deliuerit to thame conforme to the wechtis of Edinburgh 1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I 279.
Small irne wedges to call in the bred wechtis a1568 Jok & Jynny 25.
My berne scho sayis hes of hir awin … Ane blanket and ane wecht also c1570 Lanark B. Rec. 52.
Ye sall haf the samin wecht presentet be ws to your commissioneris for the rycht musoring of your wechtes 1574–5 Haddington Treas. Acc. 2a.
To Jhone the podderar for kasting of the wychtis a1585 Maitl. Q. 233/18 (see We(y v. 3 b).
Wechtis 1584 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 299.
Ane kist for keping of pouldor with ballands and wechtis seis and rangis 1589 Edinb. B. Rec. V 6.
In respect the awld braysin wechts are worn [etc.] 1602 Edinb. B. Rec. V 308.
That all inhabitants … that uses any wechts that thai haif thame of ane peice without cleikis and eiks 1618 Acts IV 586/1.
[To] determine vpon the most convenient meanes how the saidis measures and weghts might bee reduced to the conformitie foresaid 1624 Huntar Weights & Measures Title.
Treatise of Weights, Mets and Measures of Scotland 1622-6 Bisset I 122/27.
Quhosoevir wald iudge … moist have the ballance in hand … for in quhat wechtis thow iudges it salbe … iudged unto thé 1627 Rep. Parishes 227.
The butter is weyit to a wecht called a lespund consisting of 24 merkis 1632 Aberd. B. Rec. III 48.
That the said deane of gild caus stamp the haill merchandis elvandis and wechtis 1645 Army of the Covenant 319.
For a great yron beame … for veying of meill … For fyve hundreth punds of yron veyghts 1646 Army of the Covenant 513.
Wights 1650 Brechin Presb. 39.
That Catharin Lyell straik the horse … with a weight 1656 Dumbarton B. Rec. 71.
Sex yron wechts with rings 1662 Peebles B. Rec. II 52.
John Murray, wright, to make weying stone weychtes, conforme to the tounes stone 1682 Edinb. City Archives McLeod's Bundle 39.
The dean of gilds weights of Edinburgh which is four in the hundreth heavier then the kings weightsattrib. 1533 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 133.
The common throne is set to … James Bradfut … and the said James sall leif the veycht stane and all mesouris usit be hyme to his successouris 1545 Perth Guildry 230 (6 Nov.).
All and haill our small wechtis callit the commoun wechtis stanys
d. ? A heavy piece or lump of stone or ? a further example of c above. 1532 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 85.
For ane stane weycht maid in corvaill naill to the uppsetting of the grete skaffalting
e. transf.A heavy object or a further example of c above. 1638 Henderson Serm. 309.
They are like a weight that is hinging by anything; anes louse that, and then the weight still falls till it be at the place of rest
6. fig.a. A heaviness or burden of something oppressive or difficult, suffering or pain. c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 147/39.
I thairof mycht tak na rejoseing My heavines opprest me … Of hevines he fiellis sic a wecht 1535 Stewart 57635.
In singular battell … to tak on thame the wecht Of all the weir 1549 Compl. 21/17, 18, 20.
Lucan … said that the vecht of Rome suld gar it ryue in mony partis the vecht of it signifeit nocht the vecht of hauy vallis, [etc.] … bot rather … the vecht of the inexorbitant extorsions that it committit 1553 Knox III 342.
The wecht of syn c1590 Fowler I 278/92.
The wreched wight, Orwhelmed with the weght of sinne 1598 James VI Basil. Doron 7/5.
That being richtlie informed heir bye of the uecht of youre burthen, ye maye … considder that being borne to be a king ye are rather borne to onus then honos 1598 James VI Basil. Doron 144/5.
Learning is a licht burdein the uecht quhairof uill neuer preasse youre schoulderis 1600 Colville Palinode To the Reader 1.
To disburthen his … conscience, pressed down with a waight of sorrow 1602 Dundonald Par. Rec. 17.
Margaret Wallace … wes frie of the resset … and sa the haill wycht to ly vpoun William Blair 1603 Gowrie P. 104.
They shall feele the waight of his heaviest indignation c1705 Nimmo Narr. 17.
Maney sweet intervales betwixt reneued tentations & waights
b. Seriousness, gravity, moment, importance. a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 47 (Asl.).
His stait he said … Was of na wicht bot werray wanite 1499 Echt-Forbes Chart. 85.
We … settand all allegatione witnes vritis and documentis of vacht the said parteis befor ws allegit prouduceit and schawin [etc.] 1533 Douglas Corr. 140.
The mater is of weght 1565 Knox VI 235.
But at the firste sight it appeareth that the complaint hath small waight c1569 Sc. N. & Q. VIII 44.
Gif wecht wer in your wourdes I had na caus to plane 1570 Southesk MSS 12.
Thes causes all of grit wecht … and cannot be weill treatit be missyve lettres 1570-3 Bann. Trans. 466.
Matteris of sic wyght and importance 1578 Misc. Abbotsf. C. 45.
Give it salhappin … ony … slauchtir blude or uther inconvenent to fall owtt … of quhatsumeuir wecht or qualitie [etc.] 1581 Sat. P. xliv 203.
To pleid the caus and vecht of ȝour opinion 1596 Dalr. II 127/17.
Al materis of difficultie and waicht 1596 Dalr. II 471/16.
Be the force and waycht of his argumentis 1602 Three Reformers 165.
I thank God for your precious pearle [sc. the short Catechisme] little in quantitie, but infinite in waight 1608 Fam. Seton 908.
Weyht 1614 Highland P. III 148.
Weaght 1629 Justiciary Cases I 118.
In this caus of sic moment and wecht for taking away of ane honest womans lyfe 1630 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 261.
Veght 1689 Leven & Melv. P. 160.
Ther wes on thing I urged, had wight with some
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