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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Vine, Vyn(e, n. Also: wine, wyn(e, wyin, veingȝe. [ME and e.m.E. vinyhe (a1300), vyne (14th c.), vine (Ayenbite), vyn (Wyclif), wyne (1422), OF vigne, vine, L. vīnea.]

1. The vine, the plant bearing grapes from which wine is made. b. A vine. Only pl. a1400 Leg. S. xlvii 166.
[They] pressit hir, to do hir pyne, As men dois grappis of the wyne
c1420 Wynt. iii 240.
In thare flattis gret, Than growand grene off wyne and quheyt
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1149.
Thocht fra the stok grew nocht the bobe of wyne, The bob it helpis, for it the branche vp beris
b. c1420 Wynt. ii 626.
He kende the men off that cuntre Off wynys [C. vynys, W. wyne wynnyng] the subtylyte
c1420 Wynt. viii 6851.
The Marschalle … Amang the wynys wyth his menyhe Hapnyd amang thaim in melle
1456 Hay I 114/2.
The knychtis ar nouthir ordanyt to labour cornis, na grouve the wynis, na to kepe bestis othir na hors
1490 Irland Mir. I 58/20.
Gers, corne, treis, wynys and all maner of froite growis in it for oure gret proffit
1513 Doug. xiii ix 77.
Saturn … Tawcht thame to grub the wynys, and al the art To eyr and saw the cornys, and ȝok the cart
1562-3 Winȝet I 45/13.
The vnclene baris, quha … infectis the tender burgeounis of the ȝong wynis
1632 Lithgow Trav. i 14.
Round about Rome, there are neither cornes, nor wines, nor village
1668 Lauder Jrnl. 186.
Lanark is 8 from Hamilton. Went and saw the yards: gret abondance of as good wines peaches, apricoats, figs, walnuts, chaistins, philberts, etc., in it as in any part of France

2. A vineyard. 1456 Hay I 114/8.
A knycht aw nocht to by landis, … nor nane wynis, croftis, na heretagis, in the tyme that he takis ony princis or lordis wagis
1456 Hay II 60/15.
Quhen the vignerounis labouraris had wroucht all the day … and otheris began at the evynsang tyme … and the lord of the wynis gave thame ylyke feis for thair daywerk

3. fig. Applied to Christ. c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 395.
This frute … tha ar the godlie deids Quhilk from Christ Jesus, the faithfull wine, proceids
c1568 Lauder Minor P. i 404.
Thir godlie fruts dois … notefie Gyf we the faithfull and germane branchis be Of Christ Jesus quha is the onlie wyne, That did redeme our saul[i]s all frome pyne

4. attrib. and comb. With blok, bob, branch, men, tre. Also fig. in sense 3 above.(1) a1400 Leg. S. vi 402, 404.
The wyne-tre—Tre & leffe & froite with-all, Bot a wyne-tree we call
a1500 Bk. Chess 1366.
Thir wyld wyne treis … [he] Brocht to his garding and he set thaim thar
1501 Treas. Acc. II 105.
To the Franch man that set the wyne treis in Strivelin be the kingis command xiiij s.
1513 Doug. vii vi 128.
And sum … Into thar handis rasyt vp on hie The lang stowris, wond with the sweit wyne tre
c1520-c1535 Nisbet Acts xxviii 3.
Quhen Paule had gaderit a quantitee of cuttingis of wyne treis, and laid on the fier [etc.]
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Eclogue vii 48.
The wyne branches buddis now
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Palmes, ane wine branche
(2) 1456 Hay I 239/13.
Labouraris of the erde, as plewmen, harow men, wyne men, and all labouraris and delvaris of the erde
(3) fig. a1450 Fifteen Ois 295, 301.
O Jesu Crist, verray vyne tre … And, as haly writ beris witnes, Than wes thow lik be liklynes To ane wyne bob, as thow had bene Pressit in ane wyne persour
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1155.
I am bot ane stok, For saik of man to beir vp this wyne blok
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1157.
Thairfor, lady, I do ȝow na wrang, Thocht ȝe be branche fra quhom this wyn bob grew
c1520-c1535 Nisbet John xv 5.
I am a wyintre, ye the branches
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 115/30, 31.
Otheris … cal … to ramembe[rance] … the vordis of our saluiour sayand … 'I am the wine tre', allegeand that … our salviour vas nocht ane … vine tre in deid bot be ane figure

5. A representation of a vine. 1460 Hay Alex. 13539.
Ane treilȝeit vergiere was a ferly place Off gold was all the veingȝe trie and treilȝeis

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"Vine n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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