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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).

Viduit(i)e, Widowitie, n. Also: viduity(e, videwitie, vidowit(ie, widuitie, wiiduit, wyduyté, widowity, widowetie, widouity, vedowaté, wedowetie, wedoet. [e.m.E. viduite (1574, Waterford Archives), viduitie (1620), OF viduité, L. viduitat-, with influence from Wedo(w n. or Wedo(w)hed(e n.]

1. Widowhood.The quots. in (d) may belong in Wedo(w)hed(e n.(a) 1420 Anal. Scot. II 2.
Sir Williame is oblist that he sal nocht trete the forsaid [Alisoun] of Murray … but fraude or gyle, noither in virginite na viduite til [gap in MS] ony parte of hir heritage fra the richtwis airis
1490 Irland Mir. I 154/2.
Eftir Joseph decessit, in hire viduite sche kepit alway virginite
1587 St. A. Baxter Bks. 41.
Johnne Aytoun … is becum bund prenteis to Williame Balfour, baxter, and feilȝeing of him to Beatrix Brown, his spows, duryng hir videwitie
1617 Edinb. Test. XLIX 280a.
To suffer hir to duell in the place during hir vidowitie
1626 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV 256.
The pretendit chartour … Dame Issobell is alledgit in hir puire vidowitie to have gevin
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 251.
If [a woman] … have bein once married, she will not los her heretadge for incontinency in her viduity
a1633 Hope Major Pract. II 18.
That the relict of ane lord of sessione should enjoy the priviledges of the lords of session indureing her viduity
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII 12a.
1682 Stirlings of Keir 472.
The said dame Lillias Colquhoun … he … nominates … to be tutrix … during her viduitie and widowhood
1685 Lauder Observes 224.
They are to get a third more then ther former stipends, and ther relicts to enjoy it during ther viduityes
(b) 1427 Melville Chart. 21.
Condicyonys … quhilkis scho is bundyne … to fulfile in hir pur wyduyte
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Arage.
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. i 39.
Of the mother, quha hes borne ane sonne, in lawfull mariage (and thereafter is become widow) [etc.] … suppose his mother in her widowetie committ huredome
1624 Edinb. Test. LII 154b.
During the tyme of hir widowitie
1682 Bk. Carlaverock I 405.
1694 Fountainhall Decis. I 587.
(c) 1498 Dunferm. B. Rec. I 327.
Ane honest matrone Cristiane Foular in hir vedowate
1581 Edinb. Test. IX 328b.
He leuis to Johne Ferrie his sone nyne pundis vj s. iiij d. Prouiding that the said Isobell his spous haif the vse thairof during hir wedowetie
(d) 1491 Acta Conc. I 204/2.
Hir lettres obligatouris mad in hir pur wedoet to the sad George
1566–7 Crail B. Ct. 25 Feb.
The viman that … keipis not thair virginity or wiiduit
1570 Leslie 289.
Sho was ane … chaist ladie … keping hir vidowit with gret honor

2. The state of being destitute. [L. viduus destitute.] 1606 Birnie Kirk-b. Pref.
Be intreated (my good Lord) to … abridge your forain tary: that … the viduity of vs … by your fairing away, may be remoued

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"Viduite n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2022 <>



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