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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).

Victory, -ie, n. Also: victorye, , -are, wictory, -ie, , vyctory, wyctory, wictouré, wictorrie, wittory, wyttory, wictorag, victry, victo(u)r, wictour. Pl. also victoryse. [ME and e.m.E. victory (14th c.) victorie (c1330), vyctory (1457), victorye (1573-80), OF victorie, victoire, L. victōria.]

1. Victory, triumph, supremacy over an enemy or opponent in battle; an instance of this. b. Const. to have (the) victory (apon, of an opponent), (in, of battle, etc.), also, to conqueis, exsecut, get, lois, ma, obtene, win (the, ane) victory. Also pl. c. Const. to, as the subject of the verbs fall, inclyne.sing. (1) c1420 Wynt. iii 119.
Jopte … Awowyt gyff he discumfyte Amon, that he sulde … Off his hous quhat evyr he mete Nest eftyrhend his wyctory Devotly to God sacryfy
1460 Hay Alex. 58.
This is the dragoun that … past, Intill oure battell in the land of Armene Quhilk was the maist caus of our victorie
1490 Irland Mir. III 139/34.
The prince suld nocht move battale bot outhir for werray necessite … or quhen he seis his avantage and apperand victory agane his innemeis
1533 Boece 45b.
We mak now for battell … And quhay may deny that quhare it is fochtin in equale strenth the victory salbe doutsum
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2054.
The kyng and his cumpanye Wer rycht glaid of that victorye, Because he wan the first battell That strykkin wes in erth
15.. Clar. i 240.
Lady myne … Ȝe war my strong protectour, and only The caus dreidles of all my victorie
c1650 Spalding II 448.
The brughe of Abirdein … heiring of Montrose victorie over Argile at Innerlochie [etc.]
1665 Robertson Cullen Ch. Ann. 36.
[Thanksgiving] for the glorious victory over the fleet of the United Provinces
(b) 1375 Barb. viii 380.
He mycht haiff sene that had bene thar A folk that mery wes & glaid For thar wictour [C. victour]
a1500 Bk. Chess 2077.
The feild is tynt & his victour ago
(2) 1375 Barb. iii 224.
Scipio … has off the templis tane The armys that thar eldrys bar, In name off wictory offerryt thar
c1420 Wynt. iv Prol. 13.
The crowne wes gyvyn for wyctory In auld tyme
1456 Hay I 272/16.
Thare cummys the vaincur, askand jugment of rycht, and the king ansueris, I juge thé to have the honour of victorye
a1500 Colk. Sow ii 104.
On the morne a grit schoting thay did cry Quhair Flanislie our all wan victory
1533 Boece 166b.
Scottis and Pichtis … thinkand, quhill thare life mycht indure, thai suld nocht leis the name of victorie
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2048.
Thay faucht so lang and creuellie, And with vncertane victorie, No man mycht juge … Quho gat the better
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xxii 138.
Thu ȝung man … fere mare ioyful wictorag Thu sal resawe syne to thi wag
pl. 1533 Boece 561b1.
Quhat ar thai that der devise or mannace sic thingis contrare ȝow maist dowchty men of were indurate with sa mony diuers victoryis
1533 Bell. Livy I 217/10.
Thai allegit the Fabis grewe ilk day more and more in ferocite & hardyment be thir frequent victoryis
b. (1) 1375 Barb. xv 89 (C).
That nycht thai blith war and ioly For the victory that thai had thar
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 1247 (C).
I also with Achilles … The forcye, that rytht worthy wes Obtenede victoures full mony
c1420 Wynt. iv 548.
The Sytykys douchtely Wan all hale the wyctory
c1420 Wynt. iv 1697.
Vyctory [C. wittory]
c1420 Wynt. v 2775 (C).
1460 Hay Alex. 268.
Quha wald haue honour, conquest, or victorie, Wirschip, hie vassaleg, or chaualrie, Thame neidis nane vther teching na doctour
1490 Irland Mir. III 153/34.
Thai wincust thar innemeis … and this noble victorie thai gat for the reuerens thai bur to thar prince
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 110/66.
At parlament thow suld be hye renownit That did so mony victoryse opteyn
1533 Boece 80b.
God defend … that be domestic division ȝe suld lois the victorie, be sa mony grete laubouris afore conquest
1535 Stewart 7065.
Thai decreitit … That euerie man sould nocht to battell go … Ane multitude alway na victor mais, All fechtis nocht that to the battell gais
1535 Stewart 56788.
The Scottis … hairtis war so full of hicht and pryde Of victorie that tha had wyn befoir
1542 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 30.
And than we hewand and [a] ricent and honorabill victory mycht hef done grite dampnage
1549 Compl. 4/22.
I suld nocht forȝet the tryumphant victore, exsecut ande conqueist be the vailȝeant … Kyng of Secilie
a1578 Pitsc. I 142/2.
The wictorie laittlie obteined
a1578 Pitsc. II 321/30.
Thair was ane gret slauchter in Flanderis betuix the prince and the Spainȝardis and the Spanȝardis had the victorie
(b) 1375 Barb. iv 277 (C).
Scho … bad him till the battale spede, For he suld victor haf but drede
1375 Barb. xv 417.
a1400 Leg. S.xi 176.
It was mare bettire thinge To knaw hyme & his helpe crafe, Be quham thu mycht the wictoure hafe
c1420 Wynt. ix 821 (W).
The Scottismen … victour had
(2) 1375 Barb. i 473.
Thai wrocht sua throw thar wasselage, That with few folk thai had wictory Off mychty kingis
c1420 Wynt. iv 2117.
Pompeyus … Wan and had great victoryis In batayle, and in juperdyis
c1420 Wynt. viii 2175.
All hale the wyctory The Scottis had off this juperdy, And few wes slayne off Scottis men
1456 Hay I 159/12.
Lovand him, that has gevin him grace and fortune to have victorye of his faa
1456 Hay II 53/14.
Esperaunce is a noble vertu, be the quhilk knychtis traistis to have the victory in bataill and in feicht
c1515 Asl. MS I 249/3.
Eugenius … had gret victory and batell apon the Britonnis
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 330.
He gatt ane glorious victour of the Danis att Loncart, and causit the nobillis till bring sindry lymmaris to his justice
(b) 1375 Barb. viii 255.
Gyff that we may … Haff wictour off our fayis her
1375 Barb. viii 288.
Gyff that thai mycht wyne the king & haiff wictour off his fechting
1375 Barb. xii 295.
I trayst and trowis sekyrly To haff plane wictour in this fycht
c1475 Wall. vii 148.
The gold takynnis honour and worthinas, Wictour in armys, that thou sall haiff be grace
c. 1490 Irland Mir. I 10/13.
The victorie, glorie and honour fell to the Grekis for thar gret wisdome and nobilnes
1531 Bell. Boece II 97.
The samin houre that victore fell to Scottis, he … gart thaim gif the loving thairof to God
a1578 Pitsc. I 24/13.
a1578 Pitsc. I 98/11.
Albeit the wictorie inclynnit to the Earle of Huntlie ȝeit he gat nocht the samin withtout great slaughter of his folkis
a1578 Pitsc. I 122/3.
His haill wictorie … had fallin to him … throw the Hammilltounis defectioun and leving of them

2. Triumph, supremacy in a sporting contest, argument, legal dispute, spiritual struggle, etc. Freq. const. to have (the) victory (agane, of an opponent).(1) 1456 Hay I 268/8.
The prince … suld discretly juge at the parting quha has the victory
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1341.
The smell off herbis and the fowlis cry, Contending quha suld haue the victory
1490 Irland Mir. I 98/8.
That lady sall be moder of God … And sche sall euire haue wictorie and dominacioune oure thé
1492 Myll Spect. 295/10.
This man … did sa weill in his iornaye that he had the victorye
a1500 Bk. Chess 2072.
In this sport quhar victor suld be had Quhen to the king chek in the feild is maid
1572 Buch. Detect. (1727) 3.
Douting quhidder of thame scho had rather to have the victorie, scho accountit the lois on ather syde for hir avantage
(2) a1500 Henr. Fab. 132.
Prudence and cunning … Quhilk makis men in honour ay to ring, Happie, and stark to haif the victorie Of all vicis and spirituall enemie
1490 Irland Mir. I 11/26.
[He] studeit and knew philosophy and the sevin sciens and gretly occupiit him in the haly science of theologie, and tharfor he had gret victorye agane the innemeis of God and the faithe
(3) 1490 Irland Mir. I 82/29.
Quhen we haue past the perell be the help and haly doctrine of Jhesu with nobile and glorius wictorie we sall scorne the innemy, his powere and all his wilis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (STS) xxxvii 27.
All honour we this Lord … That wan on tre trevmphe of he victory
1533 Gau 45/7.
As S. Paul sais … Deid is swolit throw wictore
1563–4 Perth B. Ct. 51 (17 March).
The said Horne persewar protestit for costis scaithis & expens in cais of victry
1564 Perth B. Ct. 98 (6 June).
1567 G. Ball. 87.
God said … Thow art my sone … this day Thy deide purchest victorie preclair
1569 Canongate Ct. Bk. 30.
He previt the samin sufficientlie safar as wes necessar to the decreit victorie of the decreit foirsaid as wes cleirlie knawin to the saidis baillies
1606 Birnie Kirk-b. vii.
If the world will haue by it [sc. pomp] the graue restored to her victory, God for a meeting to the world will restore death to his sting

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"Victory n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Oct 2022 <>



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