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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Unȝeo(u)n, -yeo(u)n, n. Also: -ȝeo(u)ne, -ȝon(e, -ȝoun, -ȝown, uneȝeon, ungyeoun, unyown, -yone, -yun, -yean, union, wnȝounn, vunȝon, yngȝon, wyngȝeone, -ȝeoin, ȝungeon, onyon. [ME and e.m.E. unyonn (north., 1356-7), vniown (Wyclif), ynon (c1460), vnyon (1545), ynion (1562), union (1688), f. as Onȝeon n.] An onion. Also attrib. = Ingon(e n., Ingȝo(u)n n., Onȝeon n.(a) ?14.. Ship Laws c. 4 (H1).
Off vnȝownis [B. onyonys] and vthir sic thing at the entre na thing
c1500-c1512 Dunb. (OUP) 42/53.
My chirry and my maikles mynȝeoun, My sucker sweit as ony unȝeoun [M. vnȝoun]
1520–1 Dundee B. Ct. I 20 (13 March).
Certane barellis of vnȝonis & apillis
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II 208.
The said Dene James' ȝard … sall furnis to the warden, in the ȝeir, four beddis of vnȝeonis, bowcaill [etc.]
1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 28b.
1574 Calderwood III 335.
To discharge tithe sybboes, leekes, kaill, unȝeons, by an act of Secreet Counsell
1577 Glasgow B. Rec. I 63.
It is ordanit that the caill fruit vnyones and crames thairfoir be put betuix the cors gutter and the gibbet
c1580-90 Rules of Health 6.
Abstene fra … leikis, vnȝeonis, mwstard [etc.]
1583 Perth B. Ct. (20 Sept.).
The haill crope and grouth of vnȝeonis and sybois of the said Blais Coltis ȝeard
1589 Exch. R. XXII 61.
1500-1699 Herbarius Latinus Annot. xl (Adv.).
Wnȝounn, vnȝeone
(b) 1482 Edinb. Chart. 168.
Of ilk layd of vnyeons, apillis, corne, buttir, cheis or vthir gudis met and sald in Leith to vnfremen to be had away i d.
1482 Edinb. Chart. 169.
Of ilk barell of vnyeans or apillis iiii d.
1547–8 (c1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 132.
1589 Exch. R. XXII 23.
1597 Elgin Rec. II 51.
That nather of thame [sc. gardeners] sall sell ony unyeannes or kaill on the Sabboth daye
(c) 14.. Acts I 306/2.
Off the custome of onyonis garlek [etc.] … at the entre nathyng bot … of ilk thousand vnionnis at the outgang a half peny
(d) 1585 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 426.
That nane be fund to haif to sell in the merkets … any sybois, leiks, or vngyeouns induring this present pestilence
1589–90 Edinb. B. Rec. V 339.
Becaus mony ydill and licentious wemen ar now becum househalders … regratoris … frute sellaris … [the magistrate] inhibitis and discharges all sic as passis throw the toun with frute, ungyeonis, dry quhytingis [etc.]
(e) 1552 Dundee B. Ct. II 176b (28 July).
He causit hous xij barrellis of yngȝonis in Robert Rollandis cellar
(f) 1616 Dundee Shipping L. 277, 280.
400 barrells wyngȝeoinis … xxx barrells wyngȝeones
(g) 1615 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 177.
Ane fyne rostit guis with ȝungeonis and all necessaris for x s.
attrib. (1) 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 370.
To the gardinar of Strivelin for half ane pund unȝeon seid, half ane pund bowcail seid, ij unce pennet seid
1550 Breadalbane Doc. No. 73.
The said Johne sall saw quhite kaill seid, reid kaill and vnȝeoun seid
1552 Treas. Acc. X 83.
To my lord governouris gardnar … ane pund of unȝeoun seid, price viij s.
1558 Rentale Dunkeld. (SHS) 355.
Unyun seid
1561–2 Dumfries B. Ct. 58b.
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 225b.
xvij pund of vnȝonseid the price of the pund vj s. vj d.
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. 239a.
1570 Elgin Rec. I 121.
George Bonyman, merchand in Elgin … decernit … to pay to Sir Villiam Dowglas, vicar of Elgin, xvi s. money for the price of twa pundis of insufficient unȝone seidis
1610 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. II 69.
v s. for vunȝon seid
1625 Conv. Burghs III 198.
Ane … impost of all guides imported … fra the … Law Cuntreyis … ane poik vnȝeoun seid thrie gritt
1627 Edinb. Test. LIV 173.
(2) 1591–2 Edinb. B. Rec. V 57.
The saidis girthis to be merket with the tounis merk and als to caus the aipill, ungyeoun and corne barrellis to be merket with the sam mark

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"Unȝeon n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <>



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