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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2002 (DOST Vol. XI).

Tratour, Traytour(e, n. Also: tratoure, -owr, -or(e, -ur(e, -er, trayto(w)re, -owyr, traythour, traitour(e, -or, -er, -ouor, traittour(e, treatour, trahitour. [ME and e.m.E. treitre (a1225), traytour (c1290), traitour (1297), traitur (Cursor M.), tretour (Piers Plowman), traiter (1583), OF (nom.) traitre, (acc.) traitor, L. trāditor.] A traitor, specif. a. A person who betrays a trust or a person who trusts him, a betrayer; a person who breaks his faith; also, more generally, a person whom one cannot trust, an untrustworthy person. b. A person who betrays his allegiance to his sovereign or country, one guilty of the crime of treason (Treso(u)n(e n. 2). c. transf. Applied to a non-material thing, something that deceives one.a., b. 1375 Barb. iv 19.
Worthy Crystoll off Seytoun … betresyt was Throw a discipill off Judas Maknab, a fals tratour
a1400 Leg. S. vii 29.
That wekit tratore Judas
?1438 Alex. i 355.
Gif I … left ȝow heir in fell fechting, I war mair tratour than Judas
c1450-2 Howlat 814 (A).
Thow [sc. the raven] ischit out of Noyes ark & to the erd wan, Taryit as a tratour, and brocht na tythingis
1460 Hay Alex. 250.
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2883.
The mous on hir can cry: Tratour to God, and manesworne vnto me
1490 Irland Mir. III 113/18.
That sene thai war tratouris to God and falsly had brokin thar faith [etc.]
c1515 Asl. MS I 208/22.
That he [sc. Edward II] rewlit him … Sir Hew Spensar the fader and … his sone quhilkis ware baith fals tratouris as has bene mony ma of that nacioun
1500 Acta Conc. II 441.
Accompanyt with Schir Jhone Musgrave, Thomas Bachane, and utheris Inglissmen and tratouris
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 73.
Thow crop and rute of tratouris tressonable, The fathir and moder of morthour and mischeif
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 282.
Wallace gart cry ane counsale … And callit Corspatrik tratour
1515–16 Reg. Privy S. I 413/1.
The saidis theves, revaris, rebellis and tratouris … and utheris trespassouris
1528 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. viii 181.
1533 Boece 230b.
Thai war all condampnit and harlit as tratouris to the emprioure
1549 Compl. 115/28.
c1500-50 Brevis Cronica 336.
He tuke the town with tresoun lyke ane tratour
1559 Cal. Sc. P. I 229.
Yit if I should flatter your grace [sc. Elizabeth] I wer no frend but a deceavabill trater
1563 Crim. Trials I i 434.
That scho shall not marie ane cheif tratour nor vther brokkin man
1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 75.
Lord Gordoun was put to the knowlege of ane assyis, and … declarit tratour
a1578 Pitsc. I 53/5.
Common tratouris to the croun
a1578 Pitsc. I 100/10.
The Earle of Crafurd … delattit trator for his rebellioun
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in 1573-1600 Cath. Tr. (STS) 84/6.
Thir Caluinian ministers, qua … vas maist traturuse tratures aganis thair soueran
a1605 Montg. Sonn. lxx 7.
Fals tratur, Turk, betrayer vnder trust
1630-1651 Gordon Geneal. Hist. 377.
That he was the first nobleman that ever wes proclaimed a rebell, or challenged a tratour for debt
(b) a1400 Leg. S. xii 242.
a1400 Leg. S. xxi 619.
c1400 Troy-bk. ii 802 (C).
Wnder Anthenoris ledyng And Eneas that was hys fere: Quhilkes publickis traytoures were Of thare lond
c1420 Wynt. ii 1141 (C).
Al tha traythouris [R. cuchowris] for to ta, And but mercy thaim pyne and sla
c1420 Wynt. vi 213.
c1420 Wynt. vi 252.
c1420 Wynt. vi 836.
c1430 Murray Early B. Organ. I 330.
Fra the pece of the fayr cryit thar sal na man be takyn na attachyt wythin that ilke fayr, … bot gif he war the kyngis traytour, or gif he war suilke a mysdoar that gyrth of haly kyrk aw nocht to sauffe hym
1456 Hay I 23/35.
In the tyme of pape Innocent, a fals traytour callit Peris Leon callit him self pape
1456 Hay I 108/6.
Thare is mony ane that will nocht graunt that the emperoure is lord of all the warld, for the traytouris untreuthfull sais that the grete Cane is lord of all the warld
1456 Hay II 30/20.
A traytour that betraisis his … eldest sone
1490 Irland Mir. III 72/23.
Gif thou be a prince thi traytouris and rebellouris thou will sla
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 403.
My linage and forebearis war ay lele, It cumis of kynde to thé to be a traytoure
1519 Edinb. B. Rec. I 191.
Diuers traytouris and vntrew liegis, and als vtheris vnfaithfull folkis of vtheris realmes
(c) c1515 Asl. MS I 267/3.
The king of Yngland was chasit fra Sterling to Dunbar and thair that traitour gat away in a bait
1528 12th Rep. Hist. MSS. viii 180.
1559 Knox VI 86.
Denunced ennemies and traiters to this common-wealht
a1578 Pitsc. I 149/14.
1581 Crim. Trials I ii 96.
1598 James VI Basil. Doron 68/2.
1638 Adamson Muses Thr. I 33.
1611-57 Mure Dido & Æneas i 414.
(d) 1528 Lynd. Dreme 218.
(e) 1596 Dalr. II 402/29.
Thir trasonable trahitouris
c. 1490 Irland Mir. III 48/26.
Thus the synnar vsand this sacrament deliueris him of the syn and castis it fra him as a werray traytour that has falslie desauit him

d. attrib. That acts to betray or deceive or causes betrayal. 1456 Hay II 31/20.
A fule lorde that left his faire wyf in keping till a ȝong traytour knycht
a1500 Henr. Fab. 1045.
This tratour tod, this tirrant, and this tyke, The fattest off this flock he fellit hais
?a1500 Dewoit Exerc. 183.
How this fals tratour iuge Pilot hes gevin fals sentence
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 83.
Thy frawart phisnomy Dois manifest thy malice to all men; Fy, tratour theif; fy, glengoir loun
1533 Boece 79b.
Crying deliuer out the tratoure king to be pynit with tormentis
1537 Lynd. Depl. Magd. 92.
O traytour deith, quhom none may contramand
1540 Lynd. Sat. 2586 (Ch.).
Common trator theifis, Quha to leill laborers daylie dois mischeifis
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2626.
The greit mischeif be wemen done to men, The tratour displesour and dispyte [etc.]
1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv Pref. 53.
Judas Iscariot, … Betrayed his Maister lyk a traytour tod

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"Tratour n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Oct 2022 <>



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