A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Tran(e, Trayn(e, n. Also: train(e. [ME and e.m.E. trayne (Manning), treyne (c1400), trane (c1460), OF traïne, f. traïr to betray.]

1. Without article: Treachery, trickery, deceit. Dredand that with trayne He suld be … slayne [etc.]; Troy-bk. ii 2065.
Quhilkis ar baith gredy men and full of trane; Hay Alex. 16604.
Consent neuir to tresone nore tran; Consail Vys Man 403.
Keip mesour and treuth for thairin lyis na trayne; K. Hart 652.
Scottis … fering the flicht of Inglismen deuisit was for trane, thai spendit the remanent nycht in the feild anarmyt; Boece 365.
Sa mony wayis scho fand, For to tyist hir husband To do mischief with sic fals trane; Rolland Seven S. 6833.
In Paradice he did intice, Be subtell craft and trane, The man first maid; 1570 Sat. P. xx 134.
From wicked traine Of fraudfull men … Saue me, O Lord; Montg. Mindes Mel. xliii 5.
Be trane or tressone be I tene; Montg. Suppl. v 43.
Ȝe cast ȝour craft … Bot puir orphanes and madynis to begyle … To trap all those that trowis in ȝow na traine; Philotus 526.
Be traine of a craftie fellow … the constable of the castell … was broght furth; 1615 Highland P. III 255.

b. An instance of treachery or trickery, specif. a stratagem used in warfare; an act of deception, a pretence; a trap or snare; an enticement; a plot. (a) He … Maid all preuely a trane Till thaim that in the castell war. A buschement slely maid he thar & Off his men … He gert … as thai wald to Lanark far [etc.]; Barb. viii 440.
Clarus four sonnes sall mak ane trane, And vthir sall in buschment byde; Alex. ii 2890.
Bot thow reweid, this deid is bot ane trane For to dissaif; Henr. Prayer 75.
Resplatand pennans throu tranys transitorie; Contempl. Sinn. 1323 (Asl.).
The feynȝeid luif, the fals confort, The sweit abayd, the slichtfull trane; Dunb. (OUP) 119/7.
A thousand wylys he hes, and mony a trane Doug. xi Prol. 93.
Britouns … devisit secretelie to fynd occasioun for distructioun of baith Scottis and Pichtis and had excogitate ane trane in this sorte that … thay suld invaid the victouris; Boece 45.
It had bene bot ane trane to haue conquest thare consentis to mak him king; Bell. Livy I 199/32.
Thay … gart me pay [etc.] … Bot or thay come half gait ad concludendum The feind ane plak was left … Thus thay postponit me twa ȝeir with thair trane; Lynd. Sat. 3073 (B).
He vmbethocht him self of ane consait … to taint thame with ane trane; Rolland Seven S. 2868.
Quhill that fals tressonabill trane Be with my hand reuengd; 1570 Sat. P. xiv 59.
It is convenient thairfor to be the fox to discover the tranes and deceates of the huntar; Fowler II 122/6.
The lard of Woddirburne, and Wilȝem Douglas … be a trane suddanlie with a force brak in at the Nethir Bow; Dalr. II 177/19.
(b) How Roxburgh was Tane with a trayne; Barb. x 518.
Trayn [C. traine]; Barb. xix 364 (E).
He set him … till haue slane This ȝoung Leo with a sle trayne; Wynt. v 4440 (W).
The erle … Wes … slayne Be falshad and a suddane trayne; Wynt. vii 978.
This tod I likkin to temptationis … Assaultand men with sweit persuasionis, Ay reddie for to trap thame in ane trayne; Henr. Fab. 1135 (Ch.).
‘Nay, I,’ quoth scho, ‘has falslye wrocht this trayn, I haiff you sald; rycht now yhe will be slayn’; Wall. iv 755.
Our wys pavys fro enemys, Agane the feyndis trayne; Dunb. (OUP) 6/66.
Falset … ‘Ȝon bairdit bogill cums fra ane traine.' Dissait … ‘I doubt him nocht … Trowit I that he come for ane traine … I sould [etc.]'; Lynd. Sat. 939, 942 (Ch.).
For sum being takin in the traine … Ar led to penurie and paine; G. Ball. 215.
Thocht that sum think that was bot ane traine, Hir awin wryting dois contrar testifie; 1567 Sat. P. vii 52.
Quhene the protectour [etc.] … saw the great battell … geiffand bakis … they iudgit it was bot ane traine to cause thame to returne [etc.]; Pitsc. II 99/28.
Nather may my treuthe nor traynes availe; Fowler I 172/13.
[There is a] trayn [that Carmichael shall be sent forth]; 1594 Cal. Sc. P. XI 482.
Johnestoun understanding … the trayne devysit aganis him, and fearing the daynger thareof [etc.]; Hist. Jas. VI (1825) 210.
Train; Hume Douglas 30.

2. A trap or snare for catching prey. Also fig. He hes it [sc. chaff] heir layit for ane trane; Henr. Fab. 1856.
In the meine tyme he causis to be maid in the erde seuchis of a meruellous deipnes to trayne the ennimie [marg. The Bruse his trayne]; Dalr. II 4/35.
For layeing ane trayne of corne in winter last … and killing ane great number of … dowes by ane gune; 1662 Melrose Reg. Rec. II 28.
fig. Welth, warldly gloir and riche array Ar all bot thornis laid in thy way Ourcoverd with flouris in ane trane; Dunb. (OUP) 174/15.
Ȝit I ly trappit in your tranis; Montg. Suppl. xii 26.

b. A live bird used as an enticement in the training of a hawk. To the man that brocht tua quyk herounis to the king, to mak tranys to halkis; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 287.
For a duke to be a trane to a halk, xij d.; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 291.

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"Tran(e n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Jun 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/trane_n>



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