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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Togiddir, Tilgiddire, Thegid(d)er, adv. Also: togidder, -ire, -yr, -re, togider, togydder, -ir, -yr(e, togyder, -ir, -yr, togidthir, togeder, -ir, -yr, togedder, -ir, -ar, togeidir, togeader, togud(d)er, togither, -ir, -yr, togitther, together, togeather, -ir, togother, tilgidder, thegydder, thegither, thegether, -ir, thegeather. [ME and e.m.E. togiddre (c1220), togider (c1250), togedir (Cursor M.), togedre (Manning), togidere (Wyclif), togydere (c1400), together (1483), togyther (1561).]

1. In conjunction. a. Expressing joining or fixing in physical contact, combining or intermingling of persons or things. Also of the compilation of a work of history.a. 1375 Barb. xvi 400.
Byrkis … That ȝoung and thik war growand ner He knyt togidder on sic maner That men moucht nocht weill throw thaim rid
a1400 Leg. S. xxii 619.
The pecis that thare cane ly, Lape to-gydyr, & was farere Chalyce thane before
c1420 Wynt. i 606.
1456 Hay II 45/37.
Rycht as a castell is wallit all about with stanis togedir junyt
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 601.
Flesch and blude and claith togidder claife
1549 Compl. 68/7.
I closit my een to see gyf I culd leuk throucht my ee liddis. Bot … for tua houris lang, baytht my eene greu as fast to gyddir as thai hed bene gleuit vitht glar or vitht gleu
15.. Clar. v 690.
Ane broach of gold … Togidder held hir glorious mantill bright
1566-70 Buch. Comm. on Virgil Æn. vi 420.
Medicatis frugibus, mixit together by the arte of medicine
c1590 Fowler I 36/8.
I spyed two folkis a part togeather them amas, And hand in hand, so ioyntlie ioyned, promening softlye went
1596 Dalr. I 128/16.
Al may sie how succeidis til vthiris our kingis, and be sik successione ar as thay had beine with a string knutt togithir
1600 Acts IV 206/2.
The kingis majestie pat his hand on the maisteris handis and stayit him frome drawing of his sworde and this wayes they baith being glaspit togidder cummis furth of the cabinat
1610 Misc. Hist. Soc. II 164.
He … set togither that historie pairtlie maid or collectit be Mr. Ninian Winȝet … pairtlie be Mr. Alexander Andersone … & pairtlie [etc.]
c1650 Spalding I 213.
The nobles … lovsis the tounes menis gardeis, who wer knyt tuo and tuo togidder, and setis thame to libertie

b. Of non-material things. a1400 Leg. S. i 404.
In this Symon dwellis … Twa substance, that is to wyt, Of devel and man, to-gyddir knete
c1460 Wisd. Sol. (STS) 352.
A man suld nocht be our-just, bot he suld have pete and mell justice and mercy to-giddir in jugmentis
1490 Irland Mir. I 9/7.
Quhen wisdome with eloquens are myngit … togiddir it is richt proffitabile to the gouernouris of the … pepil
1549 Compl. 77/34.
Quhar the grace of God and the vertu of men ar coniunit to giddir, there is no leiful thing onpossibil to be exsecut
1551 Hamilton Cat. 77.
Samekil is the lufe of God and our nychbour fessinit and linkit togiddir that [etc.]
1682 Nimmo Narr. 29.
[That] our affectiones might be singlie knutt to gither in the love of God in Christ

c. specif. Of the body and soul. a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 82.
Scho demanyt hir flesche, Til saule & body to-gydir ves
a1400 Leg. S. ii 868.
God has thame rewardit … With … Blowmand bewte … Of sawle and body to-giddir knyt
c1450 Cr. Deyng (STS) 248.
The sam body and saull as now is, sal met to-gyddyr and tholl perpetuall joy or payne
1620 Edinb. Test. L 314b.
My bodie to be honestlie buriet in the earth to remain thairintill quhill saule and bodie be conioynit togidder

2. Of persons, material or non-material things: In association, in company, in a group; (gathered) in one place at the same time.(1) 1375 Barb. xvii 82.
A rycht fayr cumpany thai war Quhen thai war met to-gidder thar
a1400 Leg. S. xli 293.
Thar bad stil Amarentia That nawyse wald fra hyr grawe ga, For thai to-giddir ware feid Of a mylk & of a clath cled
?1438 Alex. i 962.
The knychtis of Grece … Lappit togiddir all in ane rout, And suore that nane suld vthir faill
14.. Acts I 49/2.
This assise wes maid at Roxburgh at the justis mute … with common consent of all the baronis beand thar to gidder gadderit
1456 Hay I 55/32.
Thai had lever all dee togider na to leve that noble toune
a1500 Rauf C. 251.
Baith the king and the quene meitis in Paris, For to hald thair Ȝule togidder
a1500 Seven S. 1696.
Thai … past all four togiddire joynt To Rome vnto the emprioure
1490 Irland Mir. I 39/13.
Heire we are mixt, gud luffaris and synnaris togiddir, quhill the jugement
1533 Gau 61/22.
The disciplis wesz gadrit to gider in ane hws
1596 Glasgow B. Rec. I 179.
The provest, baillies, and counsale, and deikines sall convein togidder … at fyve houris in the morning, and [etc.]
1587-99 Hume 30/152.
Some vther swarmes hyves on the trees, In knots togidder fast
1632 St. A. Baxter Bks. 93.
We ordaine that the said Wiliam & Robert sall drink togider and liue togider in brotherly felowschip
a1633 Hope Major Pract. I 136.
The husband wes bound to pey to his wyfe yeirlie ane certane quantity of wictuall for her sustentation (becaus they could not live togidder in love) till God should molefie their hairts
(b) 1554–5 Edinb. B. Rec. II 207.
The counsale can nocht be convenit togedder to consent thairto
(c) a1578 Pitsc. I 43/21.
Best it war … nocht to break thair fatheris consall who inhibit thame that they ȝeid never baitht togither quhair thair was ony appeirance of … danger
1671 Kingarth Par. Rec. 72.
She was intised to his fathers house and ther after great drink he and shee lay togither in one bed
(d) 1650 Laing MSS 251.
Give gentellmen and nobellmen and men of all rankes rune not thegether all is lost
1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 62.
He rencontred a gentlemen who was going to the same place, whence they went on thegither
(2) a1400 Leg. S. xi 8.
Of Symone now … & of Judas … The story is to wryt here To-gyddyr, sene thai brethir wer
a1400 Leg. S. xxxiv 273.
Scho … Hale hyr gud to-gyddir brocht, … & delt it al ymang poure mene
1456 Hay II 26/12.
Knychthede and hardynesse may never langsumly dwell togider bot wisedome and discrecioun
1500 Edinb. B. Rec. I 240.
A last woll that is to say ten sekkis gadderit togidder
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 59 (STS).
It is agane the law of luif, of kynd, and of nature, Togiddir hairtis to streine, that stryveis with vther
c1508 Ch. & M. Prints iib 7.
Water & fyre togeder in kyndelyng … it accordis nought
1513 Doug. Comm. i Prol. 100.
Ptholome … gadderit togidder in ane librar xxxvi thousand volummys
a1578 Pitsc. I 117/23.
The king … said it is onpossibill becaus thair is so money togeathir of the said arrowis and knet so fast with leathir that no man can brek thame at anis
a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 152.
And there be twa pennies in a purse they will draw togidder

b. At one time, simultaneously. 1513 Doug. ix viii 112.
All sammyn haistand with a pavys of tre Hesyt togidder abuf thar hedys hie
c1520-c1535 Nisbet III 320/25.
For at anis ande togiddir, ewin as we beleif the glaide tydingis preached to us, the Haly Gaist enteris in our hartis ande lowsis the bandis of the dewill
1631 Justiciary Cases I 156.
Ane man sould nocht marie tua wyfes nor ane woman to haif tua husbandis leaveand togidder

c. specif. Of a sum of money: All in one sum; in total. Chiefly, in phrases at anys (and) togeder, togydder and at anys and hale (and) togedder.(1) 1433 Maxwell Mem. I 163.
Twa hundir pundis … to be payt til hym … at anys and togeder on a day
1438 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III 265.
I oblyse me … for to pay … a hundreth pundys … to gyddir and at anys
1451 11th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. vi 26.
1462 Charter (Reg. H.) No. 368.
To cum & resaff the sum of twenti pundez & a pund … to gidder & at anis
1551 Reg. Cupar A. II 70.
The sowm of twenty pundis, all and at anys togydder
(2) 1465 Wemyss Chart. 87.
The sowme of sewyn hundretht markis of the vsuale mone of Scotland tilgidder
(3) 1466 Acta Aud. 5/1.
The soume of x li. hale & togidder vppoun a day
1475 Lennox Mun. 104.
Tuell ȝeris male hale and togedder befor hande payit
1480 Douglas Chart. 111.
The quhilk somme sal be pait in this maner, … in the first ȝer tua hundereth merkis and ane half, hail and togidder
1668 Irvine Deeds 8 June.
Haill & togither in one soume in good & sufficient current money

d. Both. 1568 Cal. Sc. P. II 499.
Gif the quenis majestie … will laif all the Frenche writtings and Frenche phrasis … quhilk … is our mekill on boith the sydis usit and plainlie … promeis [etc.] … sua will we … follow upone it laifand the Frenchemen and thair evill Frenche phraissis togiddre
1471–2 Acta Aud. 21/1.
Landis pertening to him in heritage throw the disces of vmquhile Walter Scowgale his fader & Jonet Broun his grantdame togidder

e. ? Entirely, altogether, completely. 1542 Elgin Rec. I 72.
To gadder ane dussane of quyins and gar lesch him quhill tha var ane inch of him togidder

3. In combination, expressing unity of being, purpose, action, etc.(a) a1400 Leg. S. xl 420.
To God the fadir be lowinge … To God the sone ay honoure be … Til Haly Gaste als … & til thame til-giddire richt
1400 Maxwell Mem. I 141.
Tyl al thir thyngis … the forsayd Schyr Jon the fader and hys sone Robert joynly to gyder, oblyss thaim
1438 Lennox Mun. 68.
Ony off tha partys the quhilk God fortunys to cum togeder be matrimone
1456 Hay II 44/18.
That office of preste and office of knycht has sa grete affinitee and alliaunce togeder
1490 Irland Mir. III 3/13.
Thus thir corporale & bodelye thingis hallowit and sanctifiet and the haly wourdis of Jhesu that ar of gret mycht and strenth to giddir applyit to ws ar [etc.]
1531 Bell. Boece I 137.
He send letteris to the Pichtis, desiring that thay and Romanis micht incres togidder undir ane freinschip and amite
1569 Cal. Sc. P. II 725.
God forgive me, and God knytt us together for ever
a1570-86 Maitland in Maitl. F. 311/79.
My lordis … knit ȝou togiddir To keip our liberte
1572 Sempill in Sat. P. xxxviii 73.
Giue pleis God we gre sa, and hald vs togidder, Baith surely, and sturely, and stoutly gainstand thame
a1578 Pitsc. I 47/21.
The eldest succeidit be taillȝie of the landis of the earledome of Douglas bot the landis that was wntaillȝied fell in herietage to ane sister … viz. the landis of Galloway … Thair fell allis to hir Wigtoun, Annerdaill, Ballveinie and Ormond … this James … gredie to conques great rentis to his posterietie … thairfoir to compell all thair landis forsaidis withtin and togidder and to the effect procurit the paipis dispensatioun to marie his eldest sone wpone his brotheris douchter … Be this cause … the haill landis sould be wnitit in ane
1622-6 Bisset I 5/14.
Sex regentis quha governed togidder eftir him [sc. Alexander III]
1558-66 Knox II 316.
Be this lynk hes God knytt togitther the prince and the people
(b) 1549 Compl. 136/28.
That thai suld al concur and conuene togidthir in ane purpose

4. Expressing mutual or reciprocal action between two persons or groups. 1375 Barb. xv 511.
The lordis off Newill and Douglas … Met to-gidder rycht in the preys, Betuix thaim than gret bargane wes
?1438 Alex. i 2007.
Great hatrent ather at vther had; Togidder thay smot quhill thair blasounis Thay thirlit
c1420 Wynt. i 1484.
Thai spak to-gyddyre sa wnkowthly, That nane ane othir wndyrstude
1456 Hay I 39/36.
Thare the king and Eneas maid thair contractis togeder
a1500 Rauf C. 823.
Haistely hewit thay togidder, to leif thay war laith
c1475 Wall. i 106.
The battaillis than to giddyr fast thai ga
c1515 Asl. MS I 248/8.
The quhilk peple had kepit gud pece togidder five hundreth ȝere befor
1513 Doug. x v 64.
Turnus hes determyt … That ȝour hostis sall not togidder ioyn
1543 Corr. M. Lorraine 15.
My lord governowr and the cardinall hes noht spokyn the gydder
1549 Compl. 66/31.
The rammis raschit there heydis to gyddir
1563 Davidson Answer 250.
Quhen twa thingis is alledgit to have aggreance together that hes nane
1570 Sat. P. x 143.
Thay lufit sa togidder, That thay culd not be hour of day but vther
c1590 J. Stewart 17/64.
Quhan both the armeis suld the gither shak
1652 Cullen Kirk S. 12 Sept.
All this they did after they were inhibited to converse togither

5. a. With reference to a period of time: In a continuous stretch, continuously; in total, altogether. 1445 14th Rep. Hist. MSS App. iii 12.
[Setting his] tenandry of lande … til my luffit frende Andro Kere … for al the dayis and termez of nynetene yerris fullily to be compleit pessabilli joyssande alhale and togeddir, entrande and begynnande at the fest off Witsonday
1460 Peebles B. Rec. I 135.
For all the termys of sewynten yeris nest and togeder foloand the dat of this present wryt
1493 Maxwell Mem. I 204.
For al the tymis ande termys of sewyne ȝheris nixt the gidder and immediatly folowande the tyme of the lowsyng of the saide landis
1509 Reg. Privy S. I 302/1.
A lettre of tak … for all the termez of nyne ȝeris ful, hale and togidder to be complete nixt efter the terme of Witsonday immediately following the date hereof
1560 Rolland Seven S. 416.
Thay all, studyit the sevin ȝeir. Quhilk bene outrun, and all compleit togidder The seuin maisters … did considder [etc.]
1565 Edinb. Univ. MS La.iii.388a, 4b.
Quha beis absent be the space of viii dayes togeader
1622 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 103.
Ten pundis, to be payit be hir to the collectour of the kirk session … in cace sho be fund absent thrie Svndayes contigue togidder
1662 Decree Arbital of Earl of Rothes in Kirkcaldy B. Rec. MS 21 July.
That nane of them be continowed in ther office of deaconship above tuo yeires togidder
1664 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp in Misc. Maitl. C. II 512.
For drugis to the childrene quhen they gott all phisick 2 or 3 dayis together frome Doctor Pittilluo
1672 Acts VIII 85/1.
That noe advocat be allowed to speak above halfe ane hour togidder at most, at one time
1675 Edinb. B. Rec. X 225.
In this tyme of drouth … the wholle milnes … are sett idle frequently fyve or six houres togither dayly

b. With reference to places or things: In close proximity or contiguity, side by side. 1478–9 Acta Aud. 74/1.
The said landis of Elliot or sic lik landis to the avale of thaim liand within the sammyn boundis als sufficient & togidder as the said landis of Elliot
1499–1500 Reg. Great S. 537/1.
Land of auld extent liand nixt and togiddir to the said chief chymmes
1527 Liber Aberbr. II 478.
Twa ryn ryggys lyand togyddyr
a1570-86 Maitl. F. 440/102.
The goldin knappis sall hing the gidder
1610 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I 324.
For taking thame [sc. the guns] out of the eird and laying tham by the gider
1622-6 Bisset II 50/19.
The ilandis of Wycht, Mon, and Man, lyis adjacent contigue togidder
1627 Rep. Parishes 64.
Bothe the paroches [sc. Soutra and Fala] lyeth contigue togidder
1654 Lamont Diary 80.
I planted some elme kies in the garden yeard of Lundie … also, I had some younge firrs vp out of the seide; they be both neare thegeather in that same place

6. In the above senses, togidder with: Along with, in addition to; in company with, at the same time as. c1420 Ratis R. 273.
The four vertuous principall, To-giddir with thar sistiris thre Eftir as I can I sall tell thé
1428 Liber Aberbr. II 59.
The sele of the forsaid lord abbot togydder with the commoun seil of the forsaid abbay is put to the parte of this endentur
1443 Reg. Cambuskenneth 127.
1478 Exch. R. VIII 603 n.
In recompens of his expensis … and for his servandis mete, togiddir with his horse luveraye
1498 Acta Conc. II 226.
Efter the tenor of hir charter and confirmatioun of the owrelord, togudder with her instrument of saising
1497–8 Acta Conc. II 133.
1533 Boece 277b.
Vortigerne … deliuerit all castellis … to Hengist togiddir with all his tresouris and depois
c1550 Lynd. Meldrum 846.
He … treitit him richt honestlie, Togither with his companie
1557 Prot. Bk. Gilbert Grote 20.
[He also left to [? her]] all his bukis withtin his chalmer togidder witht the warkis of Barthill contenit in v bukis [etc.]
1563 Dumfries B. Ct. in Prot. Bk. M. Carruthers 10.
1568 Misc. Maitl. C. III 187.
Ȝe sall nocht faill to send my madynis clais … togithyr with the camaraige and lynyne clayth
1585–6 Forres B. Ct. 28 Feb.
1596 Dalr. I 49/26.
Baith the partes of the citie enioyes the twa riueris Die, and Don … with a schip read, or hartsum hauining place, togithir with grene cnowis upon the seysyde
1605 Glasgow Merchants House 96.
Ane hows … togidder with ane yeard adjacent thairto
1631 Bk. Carlaverock II 46.
Some 45 other sufficient honest men … togidder with 200 gentilmen of force
1611-57 Mure Hist. Rowallane 242.
The woods thairof purchast from Molid, togother with Garnegep and Calder

7. In the above senses, all togiddir: a. All in one group, all at the same time, conjointly. b. Completely. See Altogidder adv. for further examples.a. 1375 Barb. xv 69 (C).
[They] all to-giddir come in the toune
a1400 Leg. S. ii 586.
To gaddir sik men all togiddir
a1400 Leg. S. ii 806.
Nero … Bad thame in all the partis of Rome Set fyre at anis … That he mycht stand his towr in, And se all to-geidir byrne
1490 Irland Mir. II 18/6.
Ilkane of thame put thar part and all to-giddir as ane vniuersale kyrk approvit all that is said and put in this creid
1531 Bell. Boece I 243.
In the nicht, apperit mony swerdis and wappinnis birnand in the air, bot at last thay ran al togidder in ane gret bleis and evanist out of sicht
c1536 Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 201.
Thocht ȝe be cuplit all to gidder With silk, and swoulis of syluer fyne
1551 Hamilton Cat. 131.
All thir propirteis of God ar nocht to him accidentis, that is to say, put to him or gevin to him, bot thai ar al to giddir, nocht ellis bot his awin veray substance, nature and godheid
a1578 Pitsc. I 31/26.
Thame quha al togeddar salutit the king
1596 Dalr. II 256/8.
Tha al refused, and denyet the kingis desyre at anse al togither, and at ane worde
b. 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I 113.
Catheren Smart … was apprehendit lyand deid, croppin all togidder

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"Togiddir adv.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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