A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Tod, n.1 Also: tode, todd(e, toid, taid; (thod). [North. ME and e.m.E. tod (c1170), todd- (1503). Of obscure origin.]

1. A fox. Also, tods body, the name of a game. In early use in place-names and as a personal name. Ad sicum quod est propinquius sub Todholerig; 1165–82 Reg. Episc. Glasg. I 29.
Totam terram meam quam habui in Thodholesid et Standestanerige; 1214–49 Liber Melros I 256.
Subtus locum qui dicitur Toddeholes; c1250 Liber Calchou 90.
Magistro Johanni Todd; 1329 Sutherland & Cai. Rec. I 97.
Thoma dicto Todde; 13… Liber Melros II 429.
Thome Tode de Scherefhaul; 1483 Reg. Dunferm. 372.
Was't you sent fourth yon man of God, To make sick hunting on the tod; 1647 Bk. Pasquils 152.
(1) Seand this volff, this wylie tratour tod On kneis fell … ‘Welcome,’ … Quod he, with mony binge and mony bek; Henr. Fab. 670.
The volff braid furth his fute, the man his hand, And on the toddis taill sworne thay ar to stand; Henr. Fab. 2314.
Toid; Henr. Fab. 982 (Ch.).
To Fynlaw Makneill that brocht toddis and brokkis to the king, be command, ix s.; 1506 Treas. Acc. III 198.
Ilk hous of this cuntre, nurisis ane young tod certane dayis, and mengis the flesche thairof, eftir that it be slane, with sic meit as thay gif to thair fowlis, or uthir smal beistis; and sa mony as etis of this meit ar preservit twa monethis eftir fra ony dammage of toddis, for toddis will eit na flesche that gustis of thair awin kind; Bell. Boece I xli.
To him he sent ane herald … And bad him cum out of that toddis hoill, And gif him feild; Stewart 57240.
Birdis had thare nestis, and toddis thare den; Lynd. Mon. 4531.
In ane wood … he slew thrie hairis and ane tod; Bann. Trans. 483.
Whils as a prence is necessecitat to play the beast, he suld applye his humeur to the complexions baith off the tod and lyon; Fowler II 122/3.
Haray … hes nather wolfis, toddis [Balfour MS taides], nor edderis in it; Monro W. Isles (1961) 86.
William Housson [etc.] … wrocht at the todis hollis in Barrassie to get the young todis; 1606 Dundonald Par. Rec. 110.
The wyld beistis, sik as hart, hynd, dois, rais, hairis, wolfis, toddis, foxis, beiris, bairis, sangleiris, wyld swyne with uthir savaige and distroying bestiall; Bisset I 28/33.
She did sie Johne Tailȝeor sometymes in the shape of a todde and sometimes in the shape of a swyn; 1661 Soc. Ant. XXII 254.
(2) There he played … At Tods body [F. reniguebieu]; Urquhart Rabelais (1900) I 82.

b. Of a person compared to a fox in behaviour. Cf. 4 below. He [sc. Pope Boniface] entrit in the papait hes ane tod he lefit hes a lion and deit lik ane dog; Abell 96b.
Thair sall ȝe se ȝour bastard Bischop blist Out of his hoill weill houndit lyke ane tod; 1570 Sat. P. xxiv 78.
Kirk men that are with Christ unkend … Lurkand in holes, lyke traytour toddes; a1574 Three Reformers 14.
Judas Iscariot, … Betrayed his Maister lyk a traytour tod; 1584 Sempill in Sat. P. xlv Pref. 54.
The bishops … entered like tods and false foxes; 1619 Sel. Biog.I 81.
Mr. Patrick Adamson had lurked a long tyme in the castle of St. Andrews, like a tod in a holl diseased of a fearful feditie; Scot Narr. 50.

c. proverb. Passing into 4 below. He is a proud tod that will not scrape his own hole; Ferg. Prov. No. 321.
Quhen the tod preaches, beware of the hens; Ferg. Prov. No. 707.
As long as ye serve the tod, ye man bear up his tail; Ferg. Prov. No. 112.
It is ill to make a blowen horne of a tods tail; Ferg. Prov. No. 542.
We may not speak a word in mowse but it is taken in earnest quoth the tod; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 1508.
It wilbe a gude fyre quhen it burns, it is beginnand to reik, as the tod said quhen he schete on the yse; Carmichael Prov. No. 990.
Manie tume word in your heid quo the tod to the bell; Carmichael Prov. No. 1164.

d. comb. Tod-holes; tod-stripe, a strip of land inhabited by foxes; Tod Lowrie (Laurence), see Laurence and Lowry 2 for examples. He takis of litill Dummetht part fra the tode stripe to Edinglasse; c1446 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I 250.
[They] did confes thair wirking at the tod holes in Barassie Mwir on the Saboth; 1607 Dundonald Par. Rec. 141.

2. Chiefly attrib. and possess. The fox used as a commodity, esp. the skin. Of a tymmyr of skynnis of toddis [L. De tymbria wlpium]; Acts I 303/2.
attrib. Ane lyning of tod pultis; 1511 Treas. Acc. IV 198.
To lyne the samyn goune vij mantillis tod pultis; 1511–12 Treas. Acc. IV 200.
Item, for ane lynying of tod powtis to the kingis nichtgoun of chamelot viij li. v s.; 1522 Treas. Acc. V 194.
Otter skynnis and tode skynnis; 1424 Acts II 6/1.
Tod skynnis; 1451 Edinb. B. Rec. I 13.
Todeskynnis; 1551 Exch. R. XVIII 175 n.
Send to Flanderis of plading and kensyis … of lamb and tod skynnis; 1568 Edinb. Test. I 100a.
Four wolf and tua tod skynnis price iiij li.; 1582 Edinb. Test. XI 161b.
[¥4 10 s. of 460 skins called] todskinnis; 1590 Exch. R. XXII 91.
Ane tod skyn; 1591–5 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 125.
Sextene quhyt tod skinnes at xiij s. iiij d. the peice; 1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI 116b.
[Table of Scottish Produce Exported Yearly] Of tod skynnis, 1,012, at 40 s. the pece … Of otter skynnis, 44, at 40 s. the pece; 1614 Mar & Kellie MSS 71.
To coniure the littill gaist ȝe mon haif Off tod tailis ten thraif; Lord Fergus' Gaist 18.
Ye are lyke cuik Murdo that made 9 meaces of a tod taile [Ferg. Prov. MS No. 616, todes [pr. codes] taill]; Carmichael Prov. No. 1729.
possess. To John Wedderburn vj cranca and a toddis heid and burz; 1612 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 191.

3. ellipt. A fox-skin, freq. of a young fox. Also, attrib.: Tod gorgis, fox-skin cut from the throat area. jc gait skynnis or [toddis]; 1500 Edinb. B. Rec. I 240.
Of a pak of cunyngskynnis, lambskynnis, otteris, toddis … and sic like; 1482 Edinb. Chart. 169.
A clok, the price xl s., ane lynyng of toddis, the price iiij li.; 1498–9 Acta Conc. II 297.
For bordouring of it [sc. the king's gown] with toddis xxiiij s.; 1506–7 Treas. Acc. III 249.
vj mantillis Franche toddis to lyne the samyn goune; 1512 Treas. Acc. IV 421.
Ane syed jacet lynit with todds; 1530 Balmerino and L. Chart. ii 31.
Gevin to the furrour for ane lynyng of toddis to the bak quarteris of the kingis nycht goune; 1538 Treas. Acc. VII 20.
Ane gown, lynit with toddis of blak; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 308.
Declaring the inhabitantis of the said burgh to be previlegitt … from all maner of customes of … toddis, cunningis, calfis, otteris and foumart skynnis; 1586 Conv. Burghs I 213.
[Shore customs] ilk thowsand lamb skynnis vj d., … ilk scoir toddis vj d., twa hundryth gaitis, vj d.; 1603 Stirling B. Rec. II 383.
Neither to buy any wild skins … as todds; 1605 Glasgow Trades House 543.
Lambskins 2500, scheip skins 500 … toddis 20; 1626–7 Glasgow Chart. II 586.
coll. That wrangusle and aganis the law thai occupe the place of fremen of this burcht in bying of tod and otter and all maner of merchandice and leddyr; 1570 Inverness Rec. I 190.
attrib. Ane lyning of tod gorgis to the samyn goune … xvij li. x s.; 1531 Treas. Acc. VI 18.

4. fig. Applied to a person, his nature, behaviour or appearance, esp. to the perception of a fox as cunning, a crafty person. Cf. 1 b above. He [sc. the bishop] is na hird to keip thay sely sheip, Nocht bot ane tod in ane lambskin to creip; Prestis of Peblis 414.
Sum sweiris and forsaikis God, Sum in ane lambskin is ane tod; Dunb. (OUP) 200/37.
Ane tod wes with ane lame And with hir playit and maid gude game; Dunb. (OUP) 112/3.
Thow art a tratour wylie tod; Rolland Seven S. 3548.
Thow pure contempnit Kirk … baith the tyger and the tod, maist cruellie cummis thé to rent; 1573 Davidson in Sat. P. xli 4.
The vnthankfull dealing of sik vylie toddis, as hes laborit to bring your maieste in contempt; Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 74/34.
Thay ar na pastoris, bot volfis, and toddis; Burne Disput. 78b.
These apostats are craftie tods, and filthie dogs and swyine; Calderwood VII 2.
Sleet and heal and euen drift uhich almost had drifted Chateau Renard to the other uorld, had not been your Reuerence good prayers uho conserued the tod his sken; 1659 Blairs P. 161.

b. Tod's birds (Bird n.1 2), offspring of bad stock. Suspect ever your affections … for the devil is in them … they would ever be handled as tod's birds; for they are aye the worse of over great libertie; R. Bruce Serm. 354.
Argyle … put … the rest [of the armed men] on the head of Lorne, to hold the islanders and these tod's-birds of Lochaber, in some awe; 1639 Baillie I 196.
Tods birds, ane gude and all gude; Carmichael Prov. No. 1537.

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"Tod n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 15 May 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/tod_n_1>



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