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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).

Thunder, Thounder, v. P.t. also thoundred. [ME and e.m.E. þondri (c1290), thondre (Chaucer), thounder (1526), thunder (1548), OE þunrian.] tr. and intr.

1. transf. a. intr. To emit a loud noise, as of thunder; to blare; to fulminate, inveigh loudly. b. tr. To thunder out, to bellow, shout out (threats, imprecations).a. 1533 Bell. Livy I 1/5.
Bellona … ,Thy werelike trumpett thounder in myne ere
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 90/28.
The rest of the peple follouing his example … sitting doun vpon thair kneyis. The minister … thunderit aganis thame … crying that to be papistrie
b. 1610 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 78.
Rosching [pr. Rasthing] at her stare dure and thundering out dispitious and malitious langage agains her
1611 Melvill Dream in Fugitive Poetry II ii. 4/14.
And thoundred out these words, ‘Now all is gone’

2. fig. To resound, reverberate, as of thunder. 1562-3 Winȝet I 4/23.
And also war not the vrgent schortnes of tyme and imminent dainger of deth afore our eis, thunderis in our earis to hald and defend vs
1562-3 Winȝet I 21/10.
The seueir punisment … and the feirfull plaige that come on thay people … thunderis swa throw al our sensis and peirsis with feir oure heartis that [etc.]

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"Thunder v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Sep 2022 <>



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