A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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Thunder, Thuner, n. Also: thundir(e, -yr, -ar, thundre, thwndir, -yr, tho(u)nder, -ir, thondere, thoundar, thunnyr, -our, thonnere, thon(n)ir, thonyre. [ME and e.m.E. þunre (c1175), ðhunder (c1250), þundre (c1265), þondre (c1290), thoner (Cursor M.), thonner (c1325), thonder (Chaucer), thunder (c1400), OE þunor.] Thunder. Chiefly, regarded as a destructive force, having the attributes properly belonging to lightning. Also, an instance of this, a thunderbolt. Also fig. For further examples see Fireflaucht n., Fireslacht n. (1) And thonnere [cam] in that sitht-war, That strak till ȝerd all that war thar; Leg. S. iii 221.
The thonir throw sa wondyrly, That it the tempil done in hy Gert fal; Leg. S. xi 455.
& thonyre flaw done & fyr-slacht, That stand one fut na man macht; Leg. S. xiii 180.
Thonnir; Leg. S. xli 311.
The thunnour [St. A. Formulare I 270, thunnyr] and fireflauchtis that ȝet doun as rane apon the cieties of Zodoma and Gomora; 1525 St. P. Henry VIII IV 418.
(b) Thundir [Crying of Play thunner] and fyreflawcht flaw fra hir hippis; Interl. Droich 46.
Enchelades body with thundir [L. fulmine] lyis half bront; Doug. iii viii 142.
The hie fader … Suddanly with a fel bles of thundyr Threw hym to grond, and smayt him al in sondyr; Doug. vi ix 129.
A voce com fra heuen and said, And I haue clarifiit … Tharfore the pepile that stude and herd, said that thundire [W. thundir, P. thundur] was made; Nisbet John xii 29.
Of that meiting ilk man thocht wounder, Quhilk soundit lyke ane crak of thunder; Lynd. Meldrum 528.
Sone doun the bra Sym braid lyk thunder; Scott ii 161.
They hard the artaillȝe schot on baitht the sydis lykeas it had bene thundar; Pitsc. I 318/30.
(c) And of thondere sic noyes agayne; Troy-bk. ii 1710.
(d) Mars … His bost & brag, more aufull than the thounder, Maid all the heuin most lyk to schaik in schonder; Lynd. Dreme 445.
Bot or ve heir the thondir, ve see fyrst the fyir, quhou be it that thai proceid at ane instant tyme. The cause that ve see the fyire or ve heir the thoundir, is be rason that the sycht and cleirnes of ony thing is mair suyft touart vs nor is the sound. The euyl that the thondir dois on the eird, it is dune or ve heir the crak of it; Compl. 59/33, 35; 60/2.
Thre thyngis that ar neuyr in dangeir of thoundir nor fyir slaucht, that is to saye the laurye tree [etc.]; Compl. 60/21.
Thoundar; Pitsc. II 39/16.
(2) Of the thonderis & fyreflaucht of Salmon king of eldis slane be Jupitere; Asl. MS I 325/24.
fig. Na man can preveynne the spret in doynge gude; bot the spret mon first cum, ande walk him out of his sleipe, and with the thwndyr of the law feare him; Nisbet III 332/21.

b. A peal of thunder, a thunderclap. A gret hug thonir [com] but bad; Leg. S. xxviii 671.
The ost maid a reird Lyk till ane thounder or erding quhan it steird; Hay Alex. 1292.
The heat … occasioned also several tymes great thunders and such lightenings that [etc.]; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 13.

c. attrib. and possess. attrib. Scho couth ease thundre-blastis hye; Troy-bk. i 467.
Thair fell on thame ane greit tempest Off wind and rane and thuner blast; Florimond 322.
Thunder blastis & fyre sall blaw That na devill may ane vthir knaw; Rowll Cursing 240 (B).
To Sanct Barbara thay cry full faste, To saif thame frome the thonder blaste; Lynd. Mon. 2376.
Fulmen, a thunderbolt; Carmichael Etym. 6.
Men should dread the thunder-bolt, when they see the lightning; Lithgow Trav. ii 69.
Just as the scepter was a laying to the cursed Act, the lowdest thunder-clap that ever Scotland heard wes just over the Parliament-house; Row 330.
With tempest keyne and thwndir crak; Dunb. (OUP) 183/79 (M).
Thai freikis tuke the feild With sic ane force … Thair countering wes lyke ane thunder crak; Stewart 6676.
The palice reirdit lyke ane thunder crake; Clar. i 50.
Hillys and valys trymlyt of thundir rummyll; Doug. v xii 54.
possess. The fader of goddis and kyng of men With thunderis [Ruddim. thunder blast] blast me smate; Doug. ii x 154.
Grisly Ethna … thrawing owt … The blak laithly smoke that oft dyd rys As thunderis blast; Doug. iii viii 131.

d. In parasynthetic compounds. Thunder-blasted, ? struck by lightning; ? turned sour by the atmospheric effect of a thunderstorm. Thounder-shut (= shot), thunder-slaine, struck dead by lightning. He had allevin puncheouns … gude and sufficient wyne … [which] become spilt and thunderblastet; 1614 Edinb. B. Rec. VI 116.
Yet they would so squisse him with ther skrewes … that heirafter he wold looke rather lyke one thunder-slaine then a liuing creture; 1649 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. l.
My young coach-horse, … fell sicke … he drop just doune dead … as he had been thounder shut; 1687 Douglas Corr. 279.

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"Thunder n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Oct 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/thunder_n>



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