A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Thraw(e, Throw(e, v. Also: thrau, thro', through. P.t. threw(e, thrue, throuit. P.p. thrawin, thrawyn, thrauin, thrawane, thrauen, throwin, throwen, throuin, thrawn(e, thrown, throun(e, throne. [ME and e.m.E. þraw(en (Layamon), thrawe (a1300), þrowe (14th c.), throwe (1530), through (c1620), OE þráwan, p.t. þréow, p.p. þráwan. Cf. Doun-thraw v., Ourthraw v.]
1. tr. a. To twist, entwine (something thin and pliable); also, to make a rope in this fashion (cf. Thrawcruk n.). Also proverb.
(1) pres. Than xxty men he gert fast wetheis thraw, Ilk man a pair, and on thair arme thaim threw; Wall. vii 410, 411.
Contract the time, Lord, thraw the threid in twa; Garden Garden 27.
The erll, seameing to be in a choler and anger at thir speecheis, thrawing his bearde with his hand; 1614 Crim. Trials III 296.
proverb. Thraw the wand while it is green; Ferg. Prov. No. 789.
p.t. Thay … tuke ane small cord and band about his heid and threw the same about with ane pin quhill his ene lap out upoun his cheikis; 1578 Reg. Privy C. III 40.
p.p. A Romane sawe a Frankys man Abowt his hals thare hawe than Off gold thrawyn all lyk a les; Wynt. iv 1231.
Quhat be towis thrawin about thair heidis, quhat be lichit luntis bound in betuixt thair fingers; 1583 Cal. Sc. P. VI 356.
(2) He thrawes rops of the sand [pr. hand]; Ferg. Prov. MS No. 579.
To James Bell for helping to carie it in with a sled and throwing ropes of hay; 1692 Foulis Acc. Bk. 149.
b. To turn with a twisting movement.
And gif it fall that fortoune thraw The quheill about; Barb. xiii 658.
Apoun his heid the crowne of thorn thai threw; Kennedy Pass. Christ 603.
Now the lie scheit and now the luf thai slak, Set in a fang and threw the ra abak; Doug. v xiv 8.
Throw feite & handis rud nalis thay threw; Bann. MS 31b/53.
This deponar threw about the key, than standing in the dure of the heid of the turnepyk [etc.]; 1600 Crim. Trials II 178.
Convict … for saying thair wes no carle that threw about a key of a booth door in Aberdeen bot micht haue gewin hir waill; 1641 Aberd. B. Rec. III 273.
c. To twist (a part of a person's body), to hurt or torture a person in this way, to subject to compression by twisting, freq., to tweak (a person's nose). Also const. in a widdy (Widdy n. 2 (1)), to hang (a person).
(1) Thom Haliday sone be the craig him threw; Wall. v 1020.
[Agnes Sampsoun] had all her haire shaven of each part of her body, and her head thrawane with a rope; ?1591 Dalyell Darker Superst. 638.
I sall thraw your neb ane other way; Carmichael Prov. No. 1003.
The said Johne Jacksoun says befoir God, he wald thraw her nose, mening Walter Williamsounis wife; 1638 Dumbarton B. Rec. 54.
She saw the said Walter … take the said Jean Glencorse by the nose and threw it about; 1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII 171.
(b) For dispersoning of Mr. Henry Adamson, reader, in saying that if he were not in the place of a reader he would throw his nose; 1623 Perth Kirk S. in Lawson Bk. Perth 303.
He … did beat him upon the face and throw about his nose; 1672 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 534.
(2) Callit him … thevisnek to thrawe in a widdy; Howlat 823 (A).
d. To throw the (one's) face, to contort one's face, grimace.
With that the barne scho wald haf kist He threwe the face and gart hir mist; Seven S. 240.
The said William … hes injurit his deikin in his office, speiking to him contemptibilly … thrawing his faice and grinning dispytfullie; 1621 Glasgow Weavers 67.
Apply these [sc. points of law] to the kittle places, that makes you wink and throw your faces; Cleland 65.
e. To thraw the wrist, to wield a pen, write.
Gif nocht may pleys him in thi [sc. the book's] boundis all Than cheis the sang and I sall thraw the wrist; Bell. Boece (M) II 409.
f. fig. To alter (a person's) mind, attitude; to twist, warp, pervert (the meaning of something)
The quot. Hay Cath. Tr. 64/21 contains a pun on c above.
Na hald hym nocht in argvment To thraw his wyll to thin entent; Consail Vys Man 106.
Intend nocht in this cause to thraw him (as sum of ȝour new writtaris dois) to mein [etc.]; Winȝet I 89/5.
Til al sik as vil nocht peruerstly thraw the scriptur contrar the godly menyng of the sammyne; Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 114/9.
How fra the trewth thay thraw the richt face; Wedderburn in Bann. MS 241b/171.
Of the wourd ye mak ane neis of walx, thrawing it to quhat contrarietie or absurditie ye list; 1580 Cath. Tr. 64/21.
Thai vill imbrace ane neu forgit opinion be Caluene thrauing Christis vordis to ane contrarious sense, and confermis the same be fals applications of the scripture, quhilk thai thrau efter thair sensuall iugement lyk a neis of valx; Hamilton Cath. Tr. in Cath. Tr. (STS) 77/35, 37.
I will thraw rather the Word to mine appetite nor subdue mine appetite to the Word; R. Bruce Serm. 311.
To cume to that point to thraw the trewth; 1593 Innes Rev. III 102.
Beware ye thraw not the word to your appetite, (as ouer-many doe) making it like a bell to sounde as ye please to interpret; James VI Basil. Doron 28/23.
He haid wrysted and throwin judgment, partlie for gean, wharto he was gein; Melvill 117.
Thair citations be ether manque and mutilat or ells throuin and vitiat; Colville Paraenese 144.
[He] was mistaken, and his answer thrown to another sense; Row 312.
He hath minced them, and thrawne them so, that they look with another face then their owne; Jus Populi 19.
g. fig. To cross, thwart (a person).
The lordis … come vnto hir with dissimulat countenance, with reuerent and faire speaches, and said, that thair intentiouns were nawayes to thraw hir; Hist. Jas. VI (1804) 21.
I have manie time told him … my opinioun: I cannot perswade. Would I take a course to thraw him, what harme might it doe? 1585 Calderwood IV 478.
2. intr. To writhe, wriggle; to jerk, move convulsively. Also reflex. Also fig.
About him slayne lay his menȝe … And he, redy to dey, throwand; Barb. xv 230.
Licanor … For propir tene began to thraw; Alex. i 258.
That man hald fast his awyn swerd … and wp thrawand He pressit hym; Wynt. ix 1571.
With that ane serpend come thare thrawand out … And crepis vp and threw in at the bore; Hay Alex. 14278, 14306.
Gray-steel unto his death thus thrawes; Sir Eger 1611.
A gret eddir slydand gan furth thraw; Doug. v ii 86.
Gret pres flokkit to se the bodeis schent, Sum men ȝit throwand half ded on the bent; Doug. ix vii 188.
Than in my armes I cowth hir plett And scho to thraw; Bann. MS 141a/34.
In Monteith severall families taken with an uncow disease, like unto convulsion fits, their face throwing about to their neck, their hands gripping closs together, so as the very nails of their fingers makes holes in their looves; Law Memor. 246.
fig. And for dispite his hart within him threw; Hay Alex. 5493.
reflex. Then ane multitude of worms thrawing themselves out of syndry holes and bores of this tree; 1525 Inverurie 135.
b. intr. To wind, flow.
Emynedus beheld Thame of Gaderis our-tak the feild, That thikkar our the hillis did thraw Than in grete wynd on sey dois waw; Alex. i 233.
c. Of smoke: To spiral upwards.
Exalationys or vapouris blak and laith Furth of that dedly golf thrawis in the air; Doug. vi iv 11.
The reik thrawes right vp in the air, From everie towre and towne; Hume 31/183.
d. fig. To quarrel with (a person); to be a hindrance, be obstructive.
How Bishop Forman … caused the duke to thraw with him till he gave over certain benefices to the duke; Pitsc. (1728) 125.
Bot sure the wickeds way that throwis Sall perish be His micht; James VI Poems II 3/23.
3. tr. To wrest or wrench (something) from, furth of, owt off (a person's hand(s) or finger(s). Also in fig. context.
Hys knyff was thrawyn owt off his hand; Wynt. viii 5413.
Als sone as ony man maid him to thraw this appill oute of the hand of this ymage; Bell. Boece (M) II 117.
Off hir finger fals sho threw ane ring; 1567 Sat. P. iii 63.
They haiff … thrawin the sword of the word of God … from the hands of Chryst Jesus; 1584 Melvill 176.
As he held the quhinger to his maiesteis breist, this deponar threw the samyn furth of Maister Alexanderis handis; 1600 Crim. Trials II 177.
The grip and band was hard and sure, that scarce one man could throw the ladle from thy fingers; 1640 Lithgow Poet. Remains 253.
b. To tear off (a bird's head); to tear aschunder (a person's arteries). Also ellipt. Only in fig. context.
(1) When episcopacie is made a poor plucked craw, whether our paper … will at this tyme gett the neck of it clean thrawn off, only God does know; 1641 Baillie I 308.
(2) Sorrow … did all his arters viwe aschunder thraw; J. Stewart 90/382.
ellipt. Althocht the fruite dois fairest spring That hichest on the trie dois grow … The hicher set, the sooner low, … The faster knet, the harder throw; J. Stewart 119/7.
c. To thraw down, to pull down forcibly, snatch.
That this power … is able to rugg and pull down … the flesh and blood of Christ Jesus … and … put it within the compasse of that bread; that is a strange and ane great vertue, that not onlie will thrawe down that substance, but put it within the compasse of that bread; R. Bruce Serm. 80.
d. fig. To draw out, extract, extort (something non-material) furth (out) of a source.
Thy faith hes thrawin out a vertue and power out of me, that hath made baith saul and bodie haill; R. Bruce Serm. 68.
When hee hath thrawne all these good turnes out of them; R. Bruce Serm. (1591) Sig. R jb.
The graunte theirof seemis to be thrauin out by importunitie, and not uillinglie obteaned by good uill; 1599 Lett. Jas. VI to Eliz. 130.
After many words, he throws another accusation out of the Jews; Rollock Wks. II 73.
A meditatioun or prayer, thrawin furth of my sorrowful heart; 1572 Knox VI 482.
I sall terrifie ȝou with the power of God, because ȝe thraw it out of mee; Rollock Wks. I 409.
Our aspiring bishops make it a forcible meane to acquire, or rather to thraw from the kirk … episcopall jurisdictioun; Calderwood VII 63.
e. fig. To draw (a person) away fra (a task, habit, etc.).
The people for the mayne trespassis of the pastoris and estaites is thrawin and drawin fra thair virtue in hicht of harvest to thir feingȝeit fastinges; Spalding II 417.
reflex. And [? by] the hyenes of his noble corage he thrawis him fra all appetite mysordinate of all vicis; Hay II 58/16.
4. To throw, fling, hurl.
(a) Marcus Curtius … in fyrie gap For commoun profite of Rome him self did thraw; Doug. Pal. Hon. 1678.
Sum tyme at othir threw dartis he and he; Doug. v x 74.
The hie fader almychty … at hym hys dart dyd thraw; Doug. vi ix 127.
The peple makis ane lang mand … the fische thrawis thameself in it … and als sone as the see ebbis, the fische ar tane dry in the crelis; Bell. Boece I xxxiv.
Quha knawis ho sone the fathir sall thraw the wand in the fyre quharwith he bett his childring; Lamb Resonyng 5/4.
Jesabell, Quhome throw ane windo suirlie men did thraw; 1567 Sat. P. iii 174.
13 debauchit scollers … thrawing me to the ground, tred me vnder thair feite; Fowler II 25/3.
[They] … maist crewellie marterit murdreist and threw doun in the sea his cumpany & seruandis; 1598 State P. (Reg. H.) No. 107B/1.
I, frome above, a tempest downe shall thro'; Mure Dido & Æneas ii 219.
And when your carcasses are throune On dunghills for the raven's food; 1650 Fugitive Poetry II xxiv 6/9.
Being playing att the bulletts … the louetennant of the castell … throwing the bullett … he fell downe and lay dead for the space of some houres; 1658 Lamont Diary 16.
He … pulled of the baillies hat and threw the same to the ground; 1670 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 259.
For takeing up of ane pint stope … and offering to thraw it att James Newbie; 1687 Hawick Arch. Soc. (1868) 35/2.
The neues … beares that the Douitish … hath losed two men of war, four hounderreath horses throne over board; 1688 Red Bk. Grandtully I cxlv.
(b) Pressed on them so hard, that they made them through away their armes to get away the more speedily; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 503.
b. To cast (a look, glance).
And, at the last, my luke vnto the hevin I threwe furthwith; Kingis Q. § 51.
c. Of wind or sea: To toss, buffet; to drive, impel.
To wayte the wynd that furthward suld me throwe; Kingis Q. § 17.
And for we war thrawn [P. throwun] with strang tempest, in the day folowing thai made casting out; Nisbet Acts xxvii 18.
Sum schippis haistelie war thrawin in the depe and raschit apoun craggis; Boece 150b.
d. To cause to be thrown (in prison).
O wareide suerd … Thi fruschand blaid in presoune sone me threw; Wall. ii 190.
e. To thraw aback, (out), to reject.
Quha traistis in Him na way He will them wrak Nor thair iust caus He will not thraw abak; Rolland Seven S. 9583.
The appointing of the Lords of the Articles should not exclude nor hinder the Parliament to take any matter to their consideratione, tho it has been throwen out … in the Articles; 1689 Acts IX Suppl. 127/1.
f. To throw down, to demolish, knock down (a building, etc.). Also fig., to reduce forcibly, destroy (a person, his position, etc.).
Brunt divers tounes and villages, and thrue down many stone houses; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 136.
His majestie … suffered and permitted divers houses to be throwen doun to the ground; Gordon Geneal. Hist. 230.
It salbe leisum … to his lordship … to cause throw doune the said landsteall; 1676 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. IV 575.
The forsyde of the said houss to be throun doun in caice of faylȝie; 1676 Rothesay B. Rec. 343.
John Barclay hyred to lead the stons from the old church, and James Simson, younger, to throw down the walls; 1686 Dunkeld Presb. II 469.
fig. Wardly men sumtyme ar cassin he … And … or thai wait Ar thrawin doun to pure and law estait; Henr. Orph. 488 (Bann.).
I sal thraw doun my bernis, and I sal mak gretare; Nisbet Luke xii 18.
Bot thair estait sal be Thrauen doune; Fowler I 298/109.
g. To throw out, to emit, discharge; to expel.
Grisly Ethna … Sum tyme thrawing owt, heich in the skyis, The blak laithly smoke; Doug. iii viii 129.
[The Jesuits] being ever a republick in a republick wheir ever they be; which caused Wenice throw them out of hir; 1665–7 Lauder Jrnl. 42.
h. To throw together, to combine, join up.
Tha war nocht lidder Quhill tha throuit baith thair strenth togidder; Stewart 56474.
5. a. To deliver (a blow, stroke). b. To strike (a person).
a. His brand he drew And strakis rude about him threw; Alex. i 1166.
All thus thai threw in that thrang Stalwart strakis and strang; Gol. & Gaw. 709.
b. With it [sc. his staff] Wallace wpon the hede him threw; Wall. iv 252.
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"Thraw(e v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Jun 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/thrawe_v>
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