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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 2001 (DOST Vol. X).

Synagog(e, n. Also: synagogue, sinagoge, -gogue. [ME and e.m.E. sinagoge (c1175), synagogue (c1290), synagoge (Cursor M.), OF sinagoge, synagoge, -gogue (1080, c1120 and c1265 in Larousse), late L. synagoga, f. the Gk.] A synagogue.

1. The regular assembly of the Jews for the purpose of religious instruction and worship; ? the building or temple in which such assemblies were held. Also transf., of a Christian church. c1520-c1535 Nisbet Luke iv 28.
Al in the synagog … ware fillit with jre
1573 Cath. Tr. 26/28.
The trew wirshiping of God … quhilk, gif we see … sa preciselie obseruit in the synagoge, quhilk [pr. quhik] wes bot ane schaddou and vmbre of the trew kirk … quhat than suld we beleif of the kirk Christ
transf. 1606 Birnie Kirk-b. xviii.
The Lords Kirk is … our synagogue for the lector of the law and the exhortation thereon

2. Used pejoratively, in polemical writings, of one's opponents collectively, or their religious institutions. 1560 Acts II 531/1.
Sathan … hes laubourit to dek his pestilent synagog with the tytle of the kirk of God
a1561 Norvell Meroure 13a.
I frelie powre my spreit, On all fleshe, where they nede no pedagogue … nor sinagogue
1558-66 Knox II 110.
It is a thing most requisite that the trew Kirk be discernit frome the filthy synagoge be cleare and perfite nottis
1573 Tyrie in Cath. Tr. 18/12.
And as your sinagoge is destitute of the formar notis, sua of necessitie it is destitute of all halines
1595 Crim. Trials II 332.
All thir thingis were done in Rome, that mother of all vyce and hoorishe synagog of deuils
1636 Rutherford Lett. (1894) 153.
My sweet Master saith I shall have house-room at His own elbow, albeit their synagogue will need force to cast me out

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"Synagog n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 7 Oct 2022 <>



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